Sleepwalking Into a Nuclear Arms Race with Russia

02/28/2017

http://www.unz.com/article/sleepwalking-into-a-nuclear-arms-race-with-russia/

By Pierre M. Sprey and Chuck Spinney

The Nuclear Question is becoming increasingly obfuscated by spin and lobbying as the West sleepwalks into Cold War II — a walk made all the more dangerous when the loose lips of the U.S. tweeter-in-chief announced that another nuclear arms race is a great idea (see link and link). Two Cold War II issues are central and almost never addressed: What will be the Russians’ understanding of all the propaganda surrounding the Nuclear Question and the looming American defense spendup? And how might they act on this understanding?

Background

Barack Obama first outlined his vision for nuclear disarmament in a speech in Prague on 5 April 2009, less than three months after becoming President. This speech became the basis for what eventually became the New Start nuclear arms limitation treaty. But Mr. Obama also opened the door for the modernization of our nuclear forces with this pregnant statement:

“To put an end to Cold War thinking, we will reduce the role of nuclear weapons in our national security strategy, and urge others to do the same. Make no mistake: As long as these weapons exist, the United States will maintain a safe, secure and effective arsenal to deter any adversary, and guarantee that defense to our allies –- including the Czech Republic.”

Why call for nuclear disarmament while opening the door to nuclear rearmament?

Obama’s speech paved the way to his Nobel Peace Prize in October 2009, but he was also trying to manipulate the domestic politics of the Military – Industrial – Congressional Complex (MICC). By 15 December 2009, 41 Senators sent a letter to President Obama saying that further reductions of the nuclear arsenal would be acceptable only if accompanied by “a significant program to modernize our nuclear deterrent.”

Viewed in retrospect, it is clear that the new President — either naively or cynically — acquiesced to that senatorial spending demand in order to keep the powerful nuclear laboratories and their allies in the defense industry and Congress from lobbying against his new arms limitation treaty. In April 2009 Obama took the first steps that launched a huge spending plan to modernize U.S. nuclear forces across the board. Eight years later, during his first call to President Putin on 28 January 2017, President Trump locked that program in place by denouncing Obama’s New START as a “bad deal,” saying it favored Russia.

A particularly dangerous component of the Obama nuclear spending plan is the acquisition of low-yield precision-guided nuclear bombs/warheads. These weapons only make sense within a radical strategy for actually fighting a nuclear war — as opposed to the almost universally accepted idea that our nuclear arsenal exists only to deter any thought of using these weapons — since actual use is unthinkable, with profoundly unknowable consequences. Last December, the prestigious Defense Science Board — an organization replete with members closely connected to the nuclear labs and their defense industry allies — added its imprimatur to this radical strategy by resurrecting the old and discredited ideas of limited nuclear options (LNOs). LNOs are based on the unproven — and unprovable — hypothesis that a president could actually detonate a few nukes to control a gradually escalating nuclear bombing campaign, or perhaps to implement a psychological tactic of encouraging deterrence with a few small “preventative” nuclear explosions.

Adding to Obama’s expansion of our nuclear posture is President Trump’s intention to fulfill his campaign promises to strengthen all nuclear offensive and defensive forces, with particular emphasis on spending a lot more for the ballistic missile defense (BMD) program — which implies expanding the current deployments of BMD weapons in eastern Europe within a few hundred miles of the Russian border.

Early cost estimates — really guesses — for Obama’s entire nuclear modernization program are for one trillion dollars over the next 30 years. No missile defense costs are included in this estimate — nor are the costs of Trump’s promised expansions.

The components of the currently authorized program — e.g., a new bomber, a new ballistic missile carrying submarine, a new ICBM, a new air-launched cruise missile, a complete remanufacturing upgrade of the existing B-61 dial-a-yield tactical nuclear bomb that also adds a precision guidance kit, a new family of missile warheads, new nuclear warhead production facilities, and a massive array of new large-scale intelligence, surveillance, command and control systems to manage these forces — are all in the early stages of development. Assuming business as usual continues in the Pentagon, the one-trillion dollar estimate is really a typical front-loaded or “buy-in” estimate intended to stick the camel’s nose in the acquisition tent by deliberately understating future costs while over-promising future benefits.

The money for all of these programs is just beginning to flow into hundreds of congressional districts. As the torrent of money builds up over the next decade, the flood of sub-contracting money and jobs in hundreds of congressional districts guarantees the entire nuclear spend-up will acquire a political life of its own — and the taxpayer will be burdened with yet another unstoppable behemoth.

Readers who doubt this outcome need only look at how the problem-plagued F-35 Strike Fighter lives on, resisting reductions in money flows and even receiving congressional add-ons, despite mind-numbing effectiveness shortfalls, technical failures and unending schedule delays (e.g., see this recent 60 page report by the Pentagon’s Director of Operational Test and Evaluation).

Locking hundreds of congressmen and senators into this nuclear modernization program guarantees that the money flow and cost overruns will increase without interference for the next thirty to fifty years. Our many years of observing and analyzing DoD’s largest politically-engineered acquisitions makes it obvious that the initial buy-in guess of a trillion dollar total will turn into at least a three trillion dollar price tag by the end of three decades. In short, the Pentagon is planting the seed money for another F-35-like disaster, only this time on steroids.

But there is more. Once this multi-trillion dollar, self-sustaining money gusher is sluicing steadily into the boiler rooms of the Military – Industrial – Congressional Complex (MICC), U.S. force deployments, alliances, treaties and threat assessments will be shaped even more heavily than now to support the domestic politics of ever-increasing spending for the MICC. Despite this, our nation’s foreign policy mandarins seeking to steer the ship of state from their perch on Mount Olympus will remain oblivious to the fact that their “policy” steering wheel is not connected to the ship’s rudder.

As one perceptive Pentagon wag succinctly observed years ago, “In the real world, foreign policy stops at the water’s edge,” i.e., the domestic politics of the MICC always trump foreign policy. President Eisenhower understood this, though he did nothing about it before leaving office.

As of now, no one in the MICC really gives a damn how the Russians (or the Chinese) might actually react to America’s looming nuclear (and non-nuclear) spending binge. This is clearly seen in the cognitive dissonance of the Obama Defense Department: It was torn between insisting the Russians are not the target of the nuclear program but at the same time justifying the nuclear build up as a means to counter Russian conventional aggression. Equally revealing, an 8 February editorial in the Pentagon’s favored house organ, Defense News, described President Trump’s upcoming Nuclear Posture Review without once mentioning the Russians or Chinese nor how they might react to the looming American spending spree. On the other hand, the editorial took great pains to explain in detail how the forces of domestic political consensus will ensure steady funding for Obama’s nuclear spending plans throughout the Trump Administration years.

Do Actions Trigger Reactions (1)?

So, how might the Russians react to the threat of increased American defense budgets?

Let’s try to look at the nuclear modernization program — and the looming defense spendup — from the Russian leadership’s point of view.

The Russians, particularly those internal political and industrial factions that benefit from Russian defense spending, are very likely to characterize the American spending program as an aggressive sharpening of the U.S. nuclear sword and a strengthening of its nuclear shield, synchronized with a threatening buildup of America’s conventional force. And that will be used to argue that Russia is spending far too little on defense because it faces an existential threat due to increased American spending.

Don’t laugh, this is a mirror image of the argument used successfully by President Ronald Reagan in a televised address to the nation on 22 November 1982. His subject was also nuclear strategy, as well as the need to increase America’s entire defense budget. Reagan said [excerpted from pp. 3-5],

You often hear that the United States and the Soviet Union are in an arms race. The truth is that while the Soviet Union has raced, we have not. As you can see from this blue US line in constant dollars our defense spending in the 1960s went up because of Vietnam and then it went downward through much of the 1970s. Now, follow the red line, which is Soviet spending. It has gone up and up and up. …

2-28-2017-10-13-02-am

“The combination of the Soviets spending more and the United States spending proportionately less changed the military balance and weakened our deterrent. Today, in virtually every measure of military power, the Soviet Union enjoys a decided advantage” …

If my defense proposals are passed, it will still take five years before we come close to the Soviet level.

Mirror imaging Reagan’s argument, Russian defense advocates emphasizing the dangers of the U.S. spendup are likely to point out that the United States and its allies are already spending far more on their military forces than Russia is spending. Moreover, America certainly intends to rapidly increase the size of this spending advantage, because the large new American nuclear modernization program is only part of a yet-larger long term spending buildup.

After all, have not President Trump and Senator McCain proposed huge increases to President Obama’s defense budget to rebuild what Messrs. Trump and McCain claim is a “depleted” military (see link 1 and link 2 respectively)? Advocates of increased Russian defense budgets might also ask, are not Messrs. Trump and McCain declaring an emergency by calling on Congress to exempt defense spending from the spending restrictions imposed by the Budget Control Act of 2011?

Indeed, Russian politicians, echoing Mr. Reagan in 1981, might construct a graphic using the West’s own numbers to prove their points, beginning perhaps with something like this (Chart 2):

2-28-2017-10-12-38-am

Chart 2

A Russian defense advocate using the Janes’ metric in Chart 2 could argue that (1) Russia is now spending slightly less than Saudi Arabia, less than India, and less than the UK; (2) the size of Russia’s budget is only a quarter of China’s; and (3) the size of Russia’s defense budget is an astonishing one-twelfth of that of the United States!

Add to the U.S. defense budget the contributions of its allies and close friends and the spending balance in favor the U.S. and its allies to that of Russia alone becomes an astounding 21 to 1! Even if Russia could trust China to be a reliable ally — which it can’t — the current spending imbalance is over four to one in favor of the U.S. and its allies on the one hand and Russia and China on the other.

Advocates of increased Russian defense spending might even argue their comparison does not suffer from the gross distortions created by Reagan’s earlier chart because (1) the Ruble was not convertible into dollars in 1982 (whereas it is today), and Reagan’s comparison severely overstated Soviet spending levels using an artificial exchange rate; and (2) the dollar numbers in their Chart 2 comparison start from zero, unlike the deliberately truncated dollar scale (100 to 275) Reagan used in Chart 1 to exaggerate his point.

Do Actions Trigger Reactions (II)?

Of course, from a Russian leader’s point of view, the strategic threat goes well beyond the madness implied by the asymmetries in defense budgets.

They might see the Trumpian expansion of both nuclear offense and missile defense as evidence the U.S. is planning to dominate Russia by preparing to fight and win a nuclear war — a radical shift from America’s 50+ years of building nuclear forces only for deterrence (often referred to as Mutually Assured Destruction or MAD).

Faced with such a threat, militarist factions inside Russia are likely to insist on a rational application of the precautionary principle by the Russian nation.

That principle will dictate a response, presumably a massive Russian nuclear arms race with the United States. The obvious fact that the politically engineered U.S. nuclear program cannot be reined in or terminated by politicians in the U.S. is almost certainly understood by the Russians. But that appreciation would serve merely to magnify the sense of menace perceived by patriotic Russian leaders.

Bear in mind, the Russians are unlikely to view the emerging nuclear menace in isolation. For one thing, there is the toxic question of NATO’s expansion and the mistrust it created.

The vast majority of Russians, including former President Gorbachev, President Putin, and Prime Minister Medvedev, believe strongly that the U.S. and the West violated their verbal promises not to expand NATO eastward in return for the Soviet Union’s acquiescence to the unification of Germany as a member of NATO. Many leaders of the West have either denied any promises were made or downplayed the import of any such understandings. But reporters from the German weekly Der Spiegel discovered documents in western archives that supported the Russian point of view, and on 26 November 2009 published an investigative report concluding …

“After speaking with many of those involved and examining previously classified British and German documents in detail, SPIEGEL has concluded that there was no doubt that the West did everything it could to give the Soviets the impression that NATO membership was out of the question for countries like Poland, Hungary or Czechoslovakia.”

One thing is beyond dispute: The impression or understanding or promise not to expand NATO was broken by President Clinton — largely for domestic political reasons — making a mockery of President Gorbachev’s hopeful vision of a greater European home.

Clinton announced support for NATO expansion in October of 1996, just before the November election, to garner conservative and hawk votes, the votes of Americans of Eastern European descent, and in response to an intense NATO expansion lobbying campaign mounted by the MICC — and to steal the issue from his conservative opponent Senator Robert Dole.

The expansion of NATO eastwards combined with President Bush’s unilateral withdrawal from the Anti-Ballistic Missile Treaty in June 2002, followed by the deployment of ABM systems to Eastern Europe certainly increased the Russians’ sense of mistrust and menace regarding U.S. intentions. To this day, Putin’s speeches repeatedly refer to the broken American promises.

There is more to an appreciation of the Russian point of view. In parallel with the NATO expansion, the European Union (EU) expanded eastward, precipitously like an expanding cancer, beginning in 1995 and continuing to 2013. The EU’s exclusion of Russia from the “greater European home” further fueled an atmosphere of mistrust and menace.

From a Russian perspective, the NATO and EU expansions worked to deliberately isolate and impoverish Russia — and the potential (though to date frustrated) expansion by the West into Ukraine and Georgia intensified the sense that Russia had been hoodwinked by the West.

The perception of a deliberate U.S. and EU campaign to cripple Russia has a history dating back to the end of the First Cold War in 1991: Russian leaders, for example, are unlikely to forget how, during the Clinton Administration, U.S. NGOS combined with American pressure, supported the extraordinarily corrupt privatization of the former Soviet state enterprises in the 1990s (aka “Shock Therapy”). In the words of the Nobel Prize winning economist, Joseph Stiglitz (16 June 2000):

“In the early 1990s, there was a debate among economists over shock therapy versus a gradualist strategy for Russia. But Larry Summers [Under Secretary of the Treasury for International Affairs, then Deputy Secretary of the Treasury, now Secretary] took control of the economic policy, and there was a lot of discontent with the way he was driving the policy.

The people in Russia who believed in shock therapy were Bolsheviks–a few people at the top that rammed it down everybody’s throat. They viewed the democratic process as a real impediment to reform.

The grand larceny that occurred in Russia, the corruption that resulted in nine or ten people getting enormous wealth through loans-for-shares, was condoned because it allowed the reelection of Yeltsin.”

And in a touch of irony, given the current hysteria over President Putin’s alleged meddling in the U.S. presidential election, it gets worse. Russian leaders are also unlikely to forget American intervention on behalf of Boris Yeltsin in the Russian elections of 1996, including using American control of the International Monetary Fund to float a $10.2 billion loan in March to 1996 to help the corrupt and malleable Boris Yeltsin to win the election in June.

2-28-2017-10-11-56-am

July 15, 1996

So, from a Russian perspective, the recent increasingly severe U.S. sanctions are not only hypocritical, they certainly reinforce the view that the U.S. led campaign to cripple the Russian economy is ongoing and perhaps endless.

Moreover, the rapid, opportunistic expansion of NATO and the EU created a kaleidoscope of internal frictions. Now both institutions are in trouble, riven by contradictions and disharmonies. Great Britain is leaving the EU but will remain in NATO. Northern Europe and the EU bankers are imposing draconian austerity measures on Southern Europe, particularly Greece. Turkey, long a key NATO ally, is turning to Russia while being rejected by the EU. The destruction of Libya, Iraq and Syria, under U.S. leadership with European participation, has created an unprecedented flood of refugees into the EU, deeply threatening the EU’S organizing principle of open borders. The increasing tide of European instability and chaos, accompanied by the looming specter of growing Fascist movements from Spain to Ukraine, inevitably add to the traditional Russian sense of being endangered and encircled.

That sense of endangerment is certainly heightened by a recent creepy piece of nuttiness coming out of Poland, perhaps the most Russophobic member of the EU and NATO. The German daily DW says Jaroslaw Kaczynski, a very conservative former prime minister of Poland, chairman of the ruling nationalist-conservative Law and Justice party (PiS), has called for a massive EU nuclear force — trading on Polish fears that the United States will not sacrifice Chicago to save Warsaw. That France and Britain already have nuclear weapons and are members of NATO is, of course, left unsaid in Kaczynski’s demagoguery.

Russian leaders cannot ignore the fact that Kaczynski called for a nuclear EU shortly after the U.S. 3rd Armored Brigade Combat Team of the 4th Infantry Division (3,500 troops and 2,500 vehicles) deployed to Poland. Even worse, the commanding officer promptly declared the brigade is “ready to fight,” though it is intended to “deter” any threat to Poland. One brigade is a trip wire … or a kind of blank check that might be exploited for nutty reasons to trigger a shooting war — and as Kaczynski just demonstrated, nuttiness is afoot in that part of the world.

Now, if you were a Russian; and

(1) you remembered the West’s destruction to your homeland beginning in 1812, 1914, and 1941 together with the recent string of broken promises, economic exclusion, and destructive meddling in Russian internal affairs that made a mockery of the ideal of a post-Cold War common European home; and …

(2) you faced a country that excluded you from Europe, suborned your election and is intent on crippling your economy, a country already outspending you on defense by a factor of twelve to one while expressing an intent to increase that lopsided ratio in a major way; and …

(3) that country has already started a nuclear arms race with a hugely expensive across-the-board modernization program to buy atomic weapons some of which can be justified only in terms of fighting and winning nuclear wars;

What would you do?

To ask such a question is to answer it. For patriotic Americans interested in increasing their real national security (rather than their national security budget), the nuclear issue boils down to a question of understanding the powerful impact of America’s spending decisions and actions on patriotic Russians. In other words, it is a question of reasoned empathy and pragmatic self-interest.

Yet the mainstream media and the politicians of both parties in thrall to our MICC are working day and night to pump up anti-Russian hysteria and hype fear to ensure Americans remain completely oblivious to the powerful, dangerous impact of our senseless Obama-Trump nuclear spend-up on the Russians — or on anyone else, for that matter.

Chuck Spinney and Pierre Sprey, between them, have over 75 years of Pentagon and industry experience in engineering weapons as well as in analyzing military systems effectivness and defense budgets. Sprey was one of the early whiz kids in the Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD) in the 1960s. He led the Air Force’s concept design team for the legendary A-10 attack aircraft and, together with colonels Boyd and Riccioni, fathered the enormously successful F-16 fighter. Working in OSD in the 1980s, Spinney’s critical analyses of the Pentagon’s defective planning and budgeting landed him on the March 1983 cover of Time. Leaving the Pentagon in 2003, he did an in-depth interview on the military-industrial-congressional complex with Bill Moyers which resulted in a special Emmy Award winning edition of Bill Moyers’ Now that aired on 1 August 2003. Sprey and Spinney have testified before Congress on many occasions and were founding members of the Military Reform Movement led by their close colleague, the renowned American fighter pilot and strategist, Colonel John Boyd.

(Reprinted from Counterpunch by permission of author or representative)


The Resurrection of Armageddon

http://www.paulcraigroberts.org/2017/02/27/resurrection-armageddon-paul-craig-roberts/

 

Paul Craig Roberts

“The U.S. intelligence community’s extraordinary campaign of leaks claiming improper ties between President Trump’s team and Russia seeks to ensure a lucrative New Cold War by blocking detente.” — Gareth Porter

It only required 24 days for the Deep State to castrate President Donald Trump and terminate the promise that the high tensions with Russia created during the Clinton, George W. Bush, and Obama regimes would be terminated by Trump’s presidency.
As Gareth Porter shows conclusively (http://www.informationclearinghouse.info/46546.htm), the case against General Flynn, Trump’s 24-day National Security Adviser, and by implication against Trump himself, is a fake news creation.

Obama’s CIA director, John Brennan, planted fake reports, none of which contained any evidence whatsoever, on the CIA-compliant media whores known as “presstitutes.” The CIA’s media whores knew that the reports were a CIA response to the threat to the $1,000 billion annual budget of the military/security complex that desperately needs “the Russian threat” for its justification. But the media whores—-principally the New York Times, Washington Post, CNN, MSNBC—-and all the rest as well are more dedicated to serving their CIA master than they are to serving peace between nuclear powers. Interesting, isn’t it, that the US and Western media are more committed to conflict with Russia than they are to peace, despite the brutal fact that 10 percent of the nuclear arsenal of either the US or Russia is sufficient to terminate all life on earth.

As Patrick Lawrence says: “The lights upon us are dimming. We have been more or less abandoned by a press that proves incapable of informing us in anything approaching a disinterested fashion. As suggested, either the media are Clintonian liberals before they are newspapers and broadcasters, or they are servants of power before they serve us.” http://www.informationclearinghouse.info/46532.htm

All we have left, says Lawrence, is the alternative media. “To put this simply and briefly, they and we must learn that they are not ‘alternative’ to anything. In the end there is no such thing as ‘alternative media,’ as I often argue. There are only media, and most of ours have turned irretrievably bad.”

The alternative media is the Internet media, websites such as this one, RT, the Intercept, USAWatchdog, Alex Jones, Information Clearing House, Global Research, Unz Review, etc. These independent news sites are under attack. Remember the list of 200 “Russian agents/dupes”? Every source of information that does not subscribe to the Deep States’ Matrix creation of “the Russian Threat,” which is the Deep State’s replacement for the orchestrated “Soviet Threat,” has been selected for shutdown. Apparently, Alex Jones is already having problems with Google. Several websites managed to get off the 200 List, and those that have seem to have collapsed as members of the opposition.

As the Nazis said, all it takes is fear, and the people collapse.

Trump’s presidency is effectively over. Even if he is permitted to remain in office,
he will be a figurehead for the Deep State’s presidency. President Trump has already fallen into line with the military/security complex. He has said Russia has to return Crimea to Ukraine, whereas in fact Crimea returned itself to Russia. He has rejected a new strategic arms limitations treaty (START) with Russia, stating that he wants supremacy in nuclear armaments, not equality. http://www.strategic-culture.org/news/2017/02/27/president-trump-decries-new-start-treaty.html Obama’s one trillion dollar upgrade of the US nuclear arsenal is likely to get a boost from Trump.

After one month in office the goal has changed from reduced tensions with Russia to greater tensions. Greater tensions might soon be upon us. There are plans to occupy part of Syria with US troops in order to prevent Syria with Russia’s help from reuniting the country. http://www.globalresearch.ca/rand-corporations-plan-for-dicing-up-syria/5577009 Part of Syria is to go to Turkey, part to the Kurds, and Washington will keep a chunk. This way Washington can keep the turmoil going forever. The Russians brought this problem on themselves. Ever hopeful for Washington’s cooperation against ISIS, Russia dallied in cleaning out ISIS. The prospect that Trump would work with Russia as part of better relations assumed that Trump would actually be in charge, which has turned out to be delusional.

It is difficult to know if the new Trump regime is more Iranophobic than Russophobic. The Trump regime’s inclination to jettison the Iran agreement and reopen the conflict means more conflict with Russia. Washington’s continued provocations of both Russia and China will dispel any lingering Russian expectations of better relations with Washington.

It is bizarre to see the liberal-progressive-left allied with the warmongers against Trump. As the neoconservatives pull nuclear Armageddon out of the grave that Reagan and Gorbachev put it in, the American left demands the impeachment of the president whose goal was better relations with Russia. Once the champion of the working class, the left now champions Identity Politics. Trump’s goal of jobs for the working class leaves the leftwing cold. The left wants to destroy the “Trump deplorables,” which the left describes as “racist, misogynist, homophobic, gun nuts.” In Identity Politics, every identity is a victim except the oppressor identity—white heterosexual males.

Where then is the opposition to the neoconservative ideology that is driving US foreign policy toward world hegemony? There are a few of us, but we are being cast as “Putin agents.” In other words, those who have sufficient intelligence to understand that Washington is not going to achieve hegemony over Russia and China or even Iran, but is likely to provoke nuclear war by trying, are relegated to the traitor class.

The reason that there is still life on earth after more than a half century of nuclear weapons is that American presidents and Soviet leaders worked together to reduce tensions. During these decades, there were numerous false alarms of incoming ICBMs. However, because the leadership of both countries were working together to avoid nuclear conflict, the warnings were disbelieved both by the Soviets and Americans.

Today the situation is vastly different. The last three US presidents, and now apparently Trump also, worked overtime to increase tensions between the two nuclear powers. Moreover, it was done in ways that convinced the Russian government that Washington is completely untrustworthy. The ongoing vicious lies about the Russian connections of Trump and his associates are so obviously false as to be laughable, but the Russians are seeing that the falsity of the charges notwithstanding, Trump’s National Security Adviser has fallen and Trump himself might be next.

In other words, the Russians are observing that in America facts are not relevant to outcomes. The Russians have already experienced this with regard to themselves with the lies about Putin, the Ukraine, Georgia, and Russian intentions toward Europe. Putin is routinely called a “thug,” “murderer,” “the new Hitler” by US politicians, presstitutes, and the Democratic Party’s candidate in the recent presidential election. Ranking US generals describe Russia as the “principal threat to the US.” NATO commanders assert that the Russian Army could occupy the Baltics and/or Poland at any moment. These nonsensical accusations and predictions suggest to the Russians that the West is preparing its populations for an attack on Russia.

In such a tense state of affairs, how will false alarms be interpreted? Will Americans convinced that Putin and Russia are evil incarnate believe the false alarms this time? Will Russians convinced that they have been set up for attack believe them this time?

This is the extreme risk to which the insane neoconservatives, the idiot liberal-progressive-left, the greedy military/security complex, and the aggressive generals have exposed life on earth.

And the few voices warning of the risk are dismissed as “Russian agents.”

 

July 15, 1996

So, from a Russian perspective, the recent increasingly severe U.S. sanctions are not only hypocritical, they certainly reinforce the view that the U.S. led campaign to cripple the Russian economy is ongoing and perhaps endless.

Moreover, the rapid, opportunistic expansion of NATO and the EU created a kaleidoscope of internal frictions. Now both institutions are in trouble, riven by contradictions and disharmonies. Great Britain is leaving the EU but will remain in NATO. Northern Europe and the EU bankers are imposing draconian austerity measures on Southern Europe, particularly Greece. Turkey, long a key NATO ally, is turning to Russia while being rejected by the EU. The destruction of Libya, Iraq and Syria, under U.S. leadership with European participation, has created an unprecedented flood of refugees into the EU, deeply threatening the EU’S organizing principle of open borders. The increasing tide of European instability and chaos, accompanied by the looming specter of growing Fascist movements from Spain to Ukraine, inevitably add to the traditional Russian sense of being endangered and encircled.

That sense of endangerment is certainly heightened by a recent creepy piece of nuttiness coming out of Poland, perhaps the most Russophobic member of the EU and NATO. The German daily DW says Jaroslaw Kaczynski, a very conservative former prime minister of Poland, chairman of the ruling nationalist-conservative Law and Justice party (PiS), has called for a massive EU nuclear force — trading on Polish fears that the United States will not sacrifice Chicago to save Warsaw. That France and Britain already have nuclear weapons and are members of NATO is, of course, left unsaid in Kaczynski’s demagoguery.

Russian leaders cannot ignore the fact that Kaczynski called for a nuclear EU shortly after the U.S. 3rd Armored Brigade Combat Team of the 4th Infantry Division (3,500 troops and 2,500 vehicles) deployed to Poland. Even worse, the commanding officer promptly declared the brigade is “ready to fight,” though it is intended to “deter” any threat to Poland. One brigade is a trip wire … or a kind of blank check that might be exploited for nutty reasons to trigger a shooting war — and as Kaczynski just demonstrated, nuttiness is afoot in that part of the world.

Now, if you were a Russian; and

(1) you remembered the West’s destruction to your homeland beginning in 1812, 1914, and 1941 together with the recent string of broken promises, economic exclusion, and destructive meddling in Russian internal affairs that made a mockery of the ideal of a post-Cold War common European home; and …

(2) you faced a country that excluded you from Europe, suborned your election and is intent on crippling your economy, a country already outspending you on defense by a factor of twelve to one while expressing an intent to increase that lopsided ratio in a major way; and …

(3) that country has already started a nuclear arms race with a hugely expensive across-the-board modernization program to buy atomic weapons some of which can be justified only in terms of fighting and winning nuclear wars;

What would you do?

To ask such a question is to answer it. For patriotic Americans interested in increasing their real national security (rather than their national security budget), the nuclear issue boils down to a question of understanding the powerful impact of America’s spending decisions and actions on patriotic Russians. In other words, it is a question of reasoned empathy and pragmatic self-interest.

Yet the mainstream media and the politicians of both parties in thrall to our MICC are working day and night to pump up anti-Russian hysteria and hype fear to ensure Americans remain completely oblivious to the powerful, dangerous impact of our senseless Obama-Trump nuclear spend-up on the Russians — or on anyone else, for that matter.

Chuck Spinney and Pierre Sprey, between them, have over 75 years of Pentagon and industry experience in engineering weapons as well as in analyzing military systems effectivness and defense budgets. Sprey was one of the early whiz kids in the Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD) in the 1960s. He led the Air Force’s concept design team for the legendary A-10 attack aircraft and, together with colonels Boyd and Riccioni, fathered the enormously successful F-16 fighter. Working in OSD in the 1980s, Spinney’s critical analyses of the Pentagon’s defective planning and budgeting landed him on the March 1983 cover of Time. Leaving the Pentagon in 2003, he did an in-depth interview on the military-industrial-congressional complex with Bill Moyers which resulted in a special Emmy Award winning edition of Bill Moyers’ Now that aired on 1 August 2003. Sprey and Spinney have testified before Congress on many occasions and were founding members of the Military Reform Movement led by their close colleague, the renowned American fighter pilot and strategist, Colonel John Boyd.

(Reprinted from Counterpunch by permission of author or representative)

02 28 17 The Resurrection of Armageddon

http://www.paulcraigroberts.org/2017/02/27/resurrection-armageddon-paul-craig-roberts/

 

Paul Craig Roberts

“The U.S. intelligence community’s extraordinary campaign of leaks claiming improper ties between President Trump’s team and Russia seeks to ensure a lucrative New Cold War by blocking detente.” — Gareth Porter

It only required 24 days for the Deep State to castrate President Donald Trump and terminate the promise that the high tensions with Russia created during the Clinton, George W. Bush, and Obama regimes would be terminated by Trump’s presidency.
As Gareth Porter shows conclusively (http://www.informationclearinghouse.info/46546.htm), the case against General Flynn, Trump’s 24-day National Security Adviser, and by implication against Trump himself, is a fake news creation.

Obama’s CIA director, John Brennan, planted fake reports, none of which contained any evidence whatsoever, on the CIA-compliant media whores known as “presstitutes.” The CIA’s media whores knew that the reports were a CIA response to the threat to the $1,000 billion annual budget of the military/security complex that desperately needs “the Russian threat” for its justification. But the media whores—-principally the New York Times, Washington Post, CNN, MSNBC—-and all the rest as well are more dedicated to serving their CIA master than they are to serving peace between nuclear powers. Interesting, isn’t it, that the US and Western media are more committed to conflict with Russia than they are to peace, despite the brutal fact that 10 percent of the nuclear arsenal of either the US or Russia is sufficient to terminate all life on earth.

As Patrick Lawrence says: “The lights upon us are dimming. We have been more or less abandoned by a press that proves incapable of informing us in anything approaching a disinterested fashion. As suggested, either the media are Clintonian liberals before they are newspapers and broadcasters, or they are servants of power before they serve us.” http://www.informationclearinghouse.info/46532.htm

All we have left, says Lawrence, is the alternative media. “To put this simply and briefly, they and we must learn that they are not ‘alternative’ to anything. In the end there is no such thing as ‘alternative media,’ as I often argue. There are only media, and most of ours have turned irretrievably bad.”

The alternative media is the Internet media, websites such as this one, RT, the Intercept, USAWatchdog, Alex Jones, Information Clearing House, Global Research, Unz Review, etc. These independent news sites are under attack. Remember the list of 200 “Russian agents/dupes”? Every source of information that does not subscribe to the Deep States’ Matrix creation of “the Russian Threat,” which is the Deep State’s replacement for the orchestrated “Soviet Threat,” has been selected for shutdown. Apparently, Alex Jones is already having problems with Google. Several websites managed to get off the 200 List, and those that have seem to have collapsed as members of the opposition.

As the Nazis said, all it takes is fear, and the people collapse.

Trump’s presidency is effectively over. Even if he is permitted to remain in office,
he will be a figurehead for the Deep State’s presidency. President Trump has already fallen into line with the military/security complex. He has said Russia has to return Crimea to Ukraine, whereas in fact Crimea returned itself to Russia. He has rejected a new strategic arms limitations treaty (START) with Russia, stating that he wants supremacy in nuclear armaments, not equality. http://www.strategic-culture.org/news/2017/02/27/president-trump-decries-new-start-treaty.html Obama’s one trillion dollar upgrade of the US nuclear arsenal is likely to get a boost from Trump.

After one month in office the goal has changed from reduced tensions with Russia to greater tensions. Greater tensions might soon be upon us. There are plans to occupy part of Syria with US troops in order to prevent Syria with Russia’s help from reuniting the country. http://www.globalresearch.ca/rand-corporations-plan-for-dicing-up-syria/5577009 Part of Syria is to go to Turkey, part to the Kurds, and Washington will keep a chunk. This way Washington can keep the turmoil going forever. The Russians brought this problem on themselves. Ever hopeful for Washington’s cooperation against ISIS, Russia dallied in cleaning out ISIS. The prospect that Trump would work with Russia as part of better relations assumed that Trump would actually be in charge, which has turned out to be delusional.

It is difficult to know if the new Trump regime is more Iranophobic than Russophobic. The Trump regime’s inclination to jettison the Iran agreement and reopen the conflict means more conflict with Russia. Washington’s continued provocations of both Russia and China will dispel any lingering Russian expectations of better relations with Washington.

It is bizarre to see the liberal-progressive-left allied with the warmongers against Trump. As the neoconservatives pull nuclear Armageddon out of the grave that Reagan and Gorbachev put it in, the American left demands the impeachment of the president whose goal was better relations with Russia. Once the champion of the working class, the left now champions Identity Politics. Trump’s goal of jobs for the working class leaves the leftwing cold. The left wants to destroy the “Trump deplorables,” which the left describes as “racist, misogynist, homophobic, gun nuts.” In Identity Politics, every identity is a victim except the oppressor identity—white heterosexual males.

Where then is the opposition to the neoconservative ideology that is driving US foreign policy toward world hegemony? There are a few of us, but we are being cast as “Putin agents.” In other words, those who have sufficient intelligence to understand that Washington is not going to achieve hegemony over Russia and China or even Iran, but is likely to provoke nuclear war by trying, are relegated to the traitor class.

The reason that there is still life on earth after more than a half century of nuclear weapons is that American presidents and Soviet leaders worked together to reduce tensions. During these decades, there were numerous false alarms of incoming ICBMs. However, because the leadership of both countries were working together to avoid nuclear conflict, the warnings were disbelieved both by the Soviets and Americans.

Today the situation is vastly different. The last three US presidents, and now apparently Trump also, worked overtime to increase tensions between the two nuclear powers. Moreover, it was done in ways that convinced the Russian government that Washington is completely untrustworthy. The ongoing vicious lies about the Russian connections of Trump and his associates are so obviously false as to be laughable, but the Russians are seeing that the falsity of the charges notwithstanding, Trump’s National Security Adviser has fallen and Trump himself might be next.

In other words, the Russians are observing that in America facts are not relevant to outcomes. The Russians have already experienced this with regard to themselves with the lies about Putin, the Ukraine, Georgia, and Russian intentions toward Europe. Putin is routinely called a “thug,” “murderer,” “the new Hitler” by US politicians, presstitutes, and the Democratic Party’s candidate in the recent presidential election. Ranking US generals describe Russia as the “principal threat to the US.” NATO commanders assert that the Russian Army could occupy the Baltics and/or Poland at any moment. These nonsensical accusations and predictions suggest to the Russians that the West is preparing its populations for an attack on Russia.

In such a tense state of affairs, how will false alarms be interpreted? Will Americans convinced that Putin and Russia are evil incarnate believe the false alarms this time? Will Russians convinced that they have been set up for attack believe them this time?

This is the extreme risk to which the insane neoconservatives, the idiot liberal-progressive-left, the greedy military/security complex, and the aggressive generals have exposed life on earth.

And the few voices warning of the risk are dismissed as “Russian agents.”

Dr. Paul Craig Roberts was Assistant Secretary of the Treasury for Economic Policy and associate editor of the Wall Street Journal. He was columnist for Business Week, Scripps Howard News Service, and Creators Syndicate. He has had many university appointments. His internet columns have attracted a worldwide following. Roberts’ latest books are The Failure of Laissez Faire Capitalism and Economic Dissolution of the West, How America Was Lost, and The Neoconservative Threat to World Order.

Olddogs Comments!

Really folks, Are you going to stand bye and watch these A-Holes destroy most of our planet? Hundreds of millions of human beings! Of course you are, because you are totally under the power of the media industry and have lost all courage, common sense and intelligence! How about waking up to reality and voicing your rejection of rule by a bunch of slimy Investment Bankers who intend to have they’re power recognized. How about forming a group of sane people to go before your county commissioners and demand they send a letter to Mr. Trump and Congress demanding the disintegration of the media cartel. Have them sell off their corporate holdings and form hundreds of independent media groups. Consolidation of any resource is detrimental to honesty and promotes and offensive power to truth. I knew this would happen way back when I was totally politically ignorant.

2-6-2015-10-13-51-am

 

 

 

 


Without Justice, there is – JUST US!

02/27/2017

http://www.apfn.org/apfn/secretoath.htm

American Patriot Friends Network

APFN c/o  6630 W. CACTUS RD. SUITE B107-760, GLENDALE, AZ 85304

Without Justice, there is JUST_US!

THE LAWYER’S SECRET OATH

THIS CASE IS NOT TO BE CITED OR PUBLISHED:

Investigate: Lawyers Guild of Great Britain

and any ties to the American Bar Association.

“BAR” stands for “British Accreditation Research”

[02/21/1999] A federal judge in Texas has moved to out law Quicken Family Lawyer, a legal software program. The reason. It was too helpful. Judge Barefoot Sanders determined that by helping people fill our their legal documents, the program treads illegally on lawyers’ turf. Specifically, it violates law that bar anyone but licensed lawyers from giving legal advise. The case was brought by a lawyers’ group, whose interest is clear enough. Lawyers typically charge anywhere from $100 to $650 an hour. Quicken costs $29.95 for life.

The Legal monopoly: An American Bar Association committee on non-lawyer practice in 1995 noted that enforcement of unauthorized practice laws declined after 1970, but rose again

in the ‘90s. Recent cases suggest the trend continues.

“The Federal Zone: Cracking the Code of Internal Revenue” U.S. v. Lopez

http://www.supremelaw.org/fedzone11/pdf/preface.pdf
 

THE LAWYER’S SECRET OATH

Any Judge, Government Agent, or Bureaucrat Who Had Sworn to

Uphold the Constitution for the United States Who is

Violating that Oath is Guilty of Treason.

The Penalty is still DEATH BY HANGING.

You are weighed in the balance and are found wanting.

Daniel 5:27

Woe, unto you lawyers! for ye have taken away the key to

knowledge; ye entered [the Kingdom of God] not in yourselves,

and them that were entering in ye [have] hindered.

Luke 11:52

==========================================

AN EXPOSE’

ON THE LEGAL FRAUD PERPETRATED ON ALL AMERICANS

Edited, altered and enhanced significantly from audio tape by a private non-resident, non-domestic, non-person, non-individual, pursuant to any real or imaginary statutory regulations.

Let’s get right to the point. The courts only recognize two classes of people in the United States today.

DEBTORS AND CREDITORS

The concept and status of DEBTORS AND CREDITORS is very important for you to understand. Every legal action where you are brought before the court: e.g. traffic ticket, property dispute or permits, income tax, credit cards, bank loans or anything else they might dream up to charge you where you find yourself in front of a court – IT IS AN EQUITY COURT, administering commercial law having a debtor/creditor law as the controlling law. Today, we have an equity court but not an equity court as referred to in the Constitution of the U.S. or any of the legal documents before 1938.

All the courts of this once great land have been

changed starting with the Supreme Court decision of 1938 in

Erie R.R. v. Thompkins, 304 U.S 64 (1938)

give you background which led to this decision. Some of this information is from the Ben Freeman tapes of 1989. They are excellent tapes if you have them. Ben used to talk about “legislative democracy.” I couldn’t find a definition for legislative democracy. It bothered me. However, by listening to his tapes as well as other tapes. I began to see the fraud that is being perpetrated on all of us Americans. Please understand that this fraud is a 24 hour, 7 days a week, year after year continuous fraud. It doesn’t happen just once in a while. This fraud is constantly upon you all your life. Whether you are aware of it or not, this fraud is perpetually and incessantly upon you and your family.

U.S. Inc. Goes To Geneva 1930’s

In order for you to understand just how this fraud works, you need to know the history of its inception. It goes like this: from 1928 – 1932 there were five years of Geneva conventions. The nations of the world met in Geneva, Switzerland for 5 continuous years in order to set up what would be the policy of all the participating countries. During the year of 1930 the U.S., Great Britain, France, Germany, Italy, Spain, Portugal, etc. all declared bankruptcy. If you try to look up the 1930 minutes, you will not find them because they don’t publish this particular volume. If you try to find the 1930 volume which contains the minutes of what happened, you will probably not find it. This volume has been pulled out of circulation or is hidden in the library and is very hard to find. This volume contains the evidence of the bankruptcy.

Going into 1932, they stopped meeting in Geneva. In 1932 Franklin Roosevelt came into power as President of the United States. Roosevelt’s job was to put into place and administer the bankruptcy that had been declared two years earlier. The corporate government needed a key Supreme Court decision. The corporate United States government had to have a legal case on the books to set the stage for recognizing, implementing and supporting the bankruptcy. Now, this doesn’t mean the bankruptcy wasn’t implemented before 1938 with the Erie RR v. Thompkins decision. The bankruptcy started in 1930-1931. The bankruptcy definitely started when Roosevelt came into office. He was sworn in during the month of January, 1933. He started right away in the bankruptcy with what is known as the “The Banking Holiday,” and proceeded in pulling in gold coin out of circulation. That was the beginning of the United States Public Policy for bankruptcy.

Roosevelt Stacks Supreme Court

It is a known historical fact that during 1933 and 1937-1938, there was a big fight between Roosevelt and the Supreme Court Justices. Roosevelt tried to stack the Supreme Court with a bunch of his pals. Roosevelt tried to enlarge the number of Justices and he tried to change the slant of the Justices. The corporate United States had to have one Supreme Court case which would support their bankruptcy problem.

Their was resistance to Roosevelt’s court stacking efforts. Some of the Justices tried to warn us that Roosevelt was tampering with the law and with the courts. Roosevelt was trying to see to it that prior decisions of the court were overturned. He was trying to bring in a new order, a new procedure for the law of the land.

The “Mother Corporation”

Goes Bankrupt

A bankruptcy case was needed on the books to legitimize the fact that the corporate U.S. had already declared bankruptcy! This bankruptcy was effectuated by compact that the corporate several states had with the corporate government (Corporate Capitol of the several corporate states). This compact tied the corporate several states to corporate Washington, D.C. (the headquarters of the corporation called “The United States”). Since the United States Corporation, having established it headquarters within the District of Columbia, declared itself to be in the state of bankruptcy, it automatically declared bankruptcy for all its subsidiaries who were effectively connected corporate members (who happened to be the corporate state governments of the Union). The corporate state governments didn’t have to vote on the bankruptcy. The bankruptcy automatically became effective by reason of Compact/Agreement between each of the corporate state governments and THE MOTHER CORPORATION. (Note: The writer has taken the liberty of using the term “Mother Corporation” to communicate the interconnected power of the corporate Federal government relative to her associated corporate States. It is my understanding that the States created the Federal Government, however, for all practical purposes, the Federal Government has taken control of her “Creators,” the States.) She has become a beast out of control for power. She has for her trade names the following: “United States”, “U.S.”, “U.S.A.”, “United States of America”, Washington, D.C., District of Columbia, Feds, Federal Government. She has her own U.S. Army, Navy, Air Force, Marines, Parks, Post Office, etc., etc., etc. Because she is claiming to be bankrupt, she freely gives her land, her personnel, and the money she steals from the Americans via the I.R.S. and her state corporations, to the United Nations and the International Bankers as payment for her debt. The UN and the International Bankers use this money and services for various world wide projects to include war. War is an extremely lucrative business for the bankers of the New World Order. Loans for destruction. Loans for re-construction. Loans for controlling people on her world property.

U.S. Inc. Declares Bankruptcy

The corporate U.S., then, is the head corporate member, who met at Geneva, to decide for all its corporate body members. The corporate representatives of corporate several states were not in attendance. If the states had their own power to declare bankruptcy regardless of whether Washington D.C. declared bankruptcy or not, then the several states would have been represented at Geneva. The several states of America were not represented. Consequently, whatever Washington D.C. agree to at Geneva was passed on automatically, via compact to the several corporate states as a group, association, corporation or as a club member, they all agreed and declared bankruptcy as one government corporate group in 1938. The several states only needed a representative in Geneva by way of the U.S. in Washington, D.C. The delegates of the corporate United States attended the meetings and spoke for the several corporate states as well as for the mother corporation located in Washington, D.C., the seat and headquarters of the Federal Corporate Government. And, presto BANKRUPTCY was declared for all.

From 1930 to 1938 the states could not enact any law or decide any case that would go against the Federal Government. The case had to come down from the Federal level so that the states would rely on the Federal decision and use this decision as justification for the bankruptcy process within the states.

Uniform Commercial Code (UCC)

Emerges as the Law of the Land

http://www.law.cornell.edu/ucc/1/overview.html

By 1938 the corporate Federal Government had the true bankruptcy case they had been looking for. Now, the bankruptcy that had been declared back in 1930 could be up-held and administered. That’s why the Supreme Court had to be stacked and made corrupt from within. The new players on the Supreme Court fully understood that they had to destroy all other case law that had been established prior to 1938. The Federal Government had to have a case to destroy all precedence, all appearance, and even the statute of law itself. That is, the Statutes at Large had to be perverted. They finally got their case in Erie R.R. v. Thompkins. It was right after that case that the American Law Institute and the National Conference of Commissioners on Uniform State Laws listed right in the front of the Uniform Commercial Code, began creating the Uniform Commercial Code that is on our backs today. Let us quote directly from the preface of the 1990 Official Text of the Uniform Commercial Code 12th edition.

The Code was originally approved by its sponsors and the American Bar Association in 1952, and was revised in 1958 to incorporate a number of changes that had been recommended by the New York Law Revision Commission and other agencies. Subsequent amendments that were deemed desirable in the light of experience under the Code were approved by the Permanent Editorial Board in 1962 and 1966.

The above named groups and associations of private lawyers got together and started working on the Uniform Commercial Code (UCC). It was somewhere between 1930 and 1940, I don’t recall, but by the early 40’s and during the war, this committee was working to form the UCC and got it ready to put on the market. The UCC is the law merchant’s code for the administration of the bankruptcy. The UCC is now the new law of the land as far as the courts are concerned. This Legal Committee of lawyers put everything; Negotiable Instruments, Security, Sales, Contracts/Agreements, and the whole mess under the UCC. That’s where the “Uniform” word comes from. It means it was uniform from state to state as well as being uniform with the District of Columbia. It doesn’t mean you didn’t have the uniform instrument laws on the books before this time. It means the laws were not uniform from state to state. By the middle 1960’s, every state had passed the UCC into law. The states had no choice but to adopt the newly formed Uniform Commercial Code as the law of the land. The states fully understood they had to administrate bankruptcy. Washington D.C. adopted the Uniform Commercial Code in 1963, just six weeks or so after Kennedy was killed.

 

Your Lawyer’s Secret Oath?

What was the effect and the significance of the Erie RR. v. Thompkins case decision of 1938? The significance is that since the Erie decision, no cases are allowed to be cited that are prior to 1939. There can be no mixing of the old law with the new law. The lawyers (who were members of the American Bar Association, were and are currently under and controlled by the Lawyer’s Guild of Great Britain) created, formed and implemented the new bankruptcy law. The American Bar Association is a franchise of the Lawyer’s Guild of Great Britain. Since the Erie RR. v. Thompkins case was decided; the practice of law in this country was never again to be the same.

It has been reported (source unknown to the writer) that every lawyer in existence and every lawyer coming up has to take a SECRET OATH to support the bankruptcy. This seems to make sense after read about Mr. Sweet’s CASE FILE DISAPPEARANCE discussed below. There is more to it. Not only do they promise to support the bankruptcy, but the lawyers and judges also promise never to reveal who the true creditor party is in the bankruptcy proceedings. In court, there is never identification and appearance of the true character and principal of the proceedings. This is where you can get them for not making an appearance in court. If there is no appearance of the true party to the action, than there is no way the defendant is able to know the true NATURE AND CAUSE OF THE ACTION. You are never told the true NATURE AND THE CAUSE OF WHY YOU ARE IN FRONT OF THEIR COURT. The court is forbidden to tell you that information. That’s why, if you question the true nature and cause, the judge will say, “It’s not my job to tell you. You are not retaining me as an attorney and I can’t give you legal advice from the bench. I suggest you hire a lawyer.”

Hire a Lawyer?

The problem here is, if you hire a lawyer, who is pledged not to reveal the true nature and cause. How will you ever find out the nature and cause? You won’t! Why? If the true nature and cause of the action against you is revealed, it will expose the real creditor from whom this action and cause came. In other words, they will have to name the TRUE creditor. The true creditor will have to state the nature and cause. The true creditor will have to say, “It’s a bankruptcy proceeding.” That declaration then opens the door for you to question, “Who the hell are you? How did you get attached to my back and by what vehicle did I promise to become a debtor to you?” In this country, the courts on every level from the justice of the peace level all the way up – even into the International Law arena (called the World Court), are administrating the bankruptcy and are pledged not to reveal who the true creditors really are and how you personally became pledged as a party or participant to the corporate United States debt.

What would really kill these people off, would be to compel the International Bankers to send a lawyer to the courtroom and present himself as the attorney for the true creditor (the International Bankers). Then have the attorney put into the record the true nature and cause of the proceedings against you on that particular day.

The International Banksters told these various countries that they were now in a state of bankruptcy. The countries had been taken over by the creditor/bankers. And there was no choice, but for all these participating countries to declare bankruptcy. If they didn’t agree to declare bankruptcy, the banksters threatened to collapse the economies and thereby put the countries back into the depression like the one from which they were just emerging. The banksters made an offer they couldn’t refuse!

To review and elaborate: In 1930 there was a world wide depression. The bankers said, “Look. You can do it either of two ways. The easy way or the hard way. You just accept the bankruptcy and we’ll let you out of the depression. If you don’t, you’re on your own.” So all the countries involved agreed, because they realized that the International banksters had them by the throat. The countries therefore agreed that over a period of several years they would pass statutes and legislation for the implantation of the bankruptcy in favor of the International banksters.

Now, i would say that the key banksters were Rothchild and family and their agents by way of Rockefeller, by way of the Federal Reserve Banksters. Who were more specifically involved as key banksters and their agents is pure conjure on my part but it really doesn’t matter at this point. The point is, there was an international bankruptcy and an international conspiracy to cover it up. There was a banking creditor who made the offer the countries accepted the offer in order to enable the representative countries to continue without revolution and to allow the politicians to remain comfortably in place. Under a delusion of solvency the countries were allowed to continue to operate as though they were solvent while in fact the representative countries were bankrupt.

The Snare

The bankruptcy scheme was/is an extremely clever and diabolical plan. How did they possibly pull this scheme off in the area of real estate, the same way they did it in the area of Federal Income Taxes. These Foreign banksters simply and deceptively devised ways and means to con you into declaring yourself a “CITIZEN” or a “RESIDENT” of the corporate U.S. Remember the corporate United States is Bankrupt per agreement and public policy. After you have been tricked into claiming you are one of their corporate United States Citizens, you are given a Social Security Number which ties you to certain meager “benefits” and “privileges.” Then, the banksters con your employer to function as an unpaid tax collector to con you into filling out their W-4 intangible property gift forms and 1040 voluntary agreements. These slick paper agreement establishes your “voluntary” indebtedness to the bankster creditor.

If at any time you decide to balk at this scheme, because you don’t like it, the real creditor never has to make an appearance in court to list the true nature and cause of action which is being brought against you. You end up dealing with an agency. The agency can conveniently grant itself immunity from prosecution because all it is doing (without your knowledge, of course) is administrating the bankruptcy which the government agreed per the Geneva meetings. The court system never lets you put the original creditor on the courtroom stand, so you can ask him how he got attached to your back. The system is set up in such a way that the TRUE CREDITOR IS PROTECTED and never has to make an appearance and never has to answer any of your questions or produce documents. Therefore, the true creditor never has to produce the law that gives him the right to pledge you (your body and labor) in indebtedness (bondage/servitude). Why? Because the Geneva agreement in 1930 was done by treaty. The bankruptcy was not done by legislation. The agreement came first; signed in secrecy. THEN Congress began to pass legislation to fulfill the bankruptcy obligation required by the treaty. Legislation being passed by Congress was henceforth and is thereby bankruptcy legislation. When cases came before the courts, the courts could make decisions based on new controlling law of bankruptcy. It had nothing to do with Constitutional rights. Now, any case brought in is under the new bankruptcy law and is not considered as a true constitutional case. It is now a bankruptcy case as distinct from, but cleverly disguised as a constitutional case.

The Fraud

The members of the Supreme Court, of course, realized what was happening to them and the system of law. The court was being asked to perform in a creditor, debtor bankrupt proceeding for the benefit of the bankster creditors. The members of the Supreme Court said, “NO. We will not give you a bankrupt proceeding decision that you can then enforce against everybody, a decision not only affecting corporate Washington D.C. but also having effect within the corporate state governments. This, by the way is fraud. It wouldn’t be fraud if the government of corporate Washington D.C. and the government of the several corporate states declared bankruptcy then let the people know about the bankruptcy. (Notice when I say corporate “government” I don’t mean you and me. You and I are not the corporate government. The corporate government is the corporate capital of the corporate state. The government is a neutral government zone known as the capitai ci, the corporate state. The government is where the corporate state is. It is corporate headquarters. Just like corporate Washington D.C. is the seat of the corporate Federal Government. The capitai ci, the corporate state is the seat of the corporate state government. if the corporate Federal Government and her subsidiary corporate state government want to join forces and declare bankruptcy that’s not fraud. This is their corporate business.

However, it is fraud when those two corporate entities declare bankruptcy but do not disclose to you, me, and every other American, that they have so declared bankruptcy. Further they have not and do not disclose that their intention is to get you and every other American in this country to pledge to pay off their corporate debt to their corporate creditors. The corporate bankruptcy is the corporate state and federal responsibility, not the responsibility of Americans, the people.

U.S. Inc. is Distinct and Separate

From PRIVATE AMERICANS

“We the People” who created and signed the contract/compact/agreement of, by, and for the Constitutional Corporation (U.S.); using the trade name of the “United States of America”, is a corporate entity (legal fiction) which is DISTINCT AND SEPARATE from Americans or the unenfranchised people of America. The private natural American people did not create the corporation of the United States. The United States Inc. did not create the private natural American people. America and Americans were in existence prior to the creation of the United States Corporation. The United States Corporation has located its U.S. headquarters in Washington, D.C. Virginia state (state territory) gave land to the newly formed United States Corporation. Notice, here, we have a state giving something of value (land) to the United States. The United States Corporation agreed in the Constitutional contract, to protect the states. Instead, because of their bankruptcy (Corporate U.S. Bankruptcy) this particular U.S. corporation has enslaved the states and the people by deception and at the will of their foreign banksters with whom they have been doing business. Our fore fathers gave their lives and property to prevent enslavement. Today, we are again enslaved.

Private natural American people have been tricked, deceived, and setup to carry the U.S. Inc. perpetual corporate debt under bankruptcy laws. Every time Americans appear in court, the corporate U.S. bankruptcy is being administrated against them without their knowledge and lawful consent. That is FRAUD. All corporate bankruptcy administration is done by “Public Policy” of by and for the Mother Corporation (U.S. Inc.).

The Mother Corporation’s

“Public Policy”

The corporate bankruptcy is carried out under the corporate public policy of the corporate Federal Government in corporate Washington, D.C. The states use state public policy to carry out Federal public policy of Washington D.C. Public Policy and only public policy is being administered against you in the corporate courts today. The public policy that is dictated by all the courts from the smallest to the most powerful courts in the world, is public policy. This is why I said, in another tape that the Russian people would be enslaved into indebtedness. What will happen is that it will become public policy in Russia to have the people go into joint corporate debt. The Russians will be forced to promise to pay these debts. They will be forced to pay off on those corporate debts. Corporate Public Policy is the crux of the whole bankruptcy implementation. Corporate Public Policy is forever a Corporate Public Policy and the laws that have been passed since 1938 are all corporate public policy laws dealing only with corporate public policy. Understand that U.S. corporate public policy is not an American public policy. The public policy OF (belonging to) the United States corporation. This U.S. corporate bankruptcy public policy is not OF (belonging to) America, the Republic.

The Erie RR. v. Thompkins 1938 case was a decision based upon public policy. All decisions at any level since 1938 have been public policy decisions. All statutes, rules, regulations, and procedures that have been passed, whether civil or criminal, whether it is Federal or State, have all been passed to implement the public policy of bankruptcy. Since 1933, when F.D.R. came in office, he brought in public policy. He established that it was the public policy of the government to call in all the gold. It was the public policy of the Government in Washington, D.C. (the Federal Government) to give our government assistance. Public policy operates the same within the states. All Federal court decisions can only be handed down if the states support Federal public policy. The state legal system must be compatible with the Federal legal system.

The Monkey – Wrench

This is why, when people like us go to court without being represented by a lawyer, we throw a monkey-wrench into the corporate administrative proceedings. Why? Because all public policy corporate lawyers are pledged to up-hold public policy, which is the corporate U.S. administration of their corporate bankruptcy. That’s why you’ll find stamped on many if not all our briefs,

“THIS CASE IS NOT TO BE CITED IN ANY OTHER

CASE AND IS NOT TO BE REPORTED IN ANY COURTS.”

The reason for this notation is that when we go in to defend ourselves or file a claim we’re not supporting the corporate bankruptcy administration and procedure. The arguments we put forth predate 1938. We come in with Constitutional law, etc. All these early cases support our rights not to be in bankruptcy. However, the corporate court, lawyers, and judges have promised to give no judicial recognition of any case before 1938.

The International Banksters’

Corporate Plantation

U.S.A. Style

Before 1938, the law was not a public policy law. All these old cases were not public law deciding cases. Today, the cases are all decided under corporate public policy. The public policy exists in order to administer the bankruptcy for the benefit of the bankster creditors and to protect the bankster creditor. Corporate public policy can allow the creditor to say to the corporate legislatures, “I want a law passed requiring my debtors to wear seat belts. Why? Because I want to be able to milk my debtors for the longest period possible.” it doesn’t behoove the creditor to allow all of his labor producing debtors to die at an average age of 30 years. What would happen to the banksters’ lending, interest, penalties, increase, repayment etc. on the entire funding and lending process if the average American life span was only 30 years? Why, the bankers would have to have 2 1/2 times the current consumer population to equal their current take. The banksters would need (instead of 250 million Americans) 600 million or even more. Maybe the banksters would need 2 Billion Americans because the individual can’t contract for debt until he/she is 18 or 21 years of age. Therefore, if the average life span is only a 30 year period, the creditor could collect on the debt for only 12 years.

Now, if the banksters can just get people to live an average of 70 years you are talking a whopping 50 years of indebtedness for which they contract and for which they are forced to pay back with usury/interest. With this situation, the bankster creditor can now float loans worth 50 years of potential indebtedness and its payoff with interest in the name of the people, as opposed to 9 to 12 years. The creditors and their property and their people are well taken care of. The creditor doesn’t want the population to decrease per say, unless, it is convenient for the debtor to run up debts in anther’s name and then liquidate that debtor or that group of debtor people.

For example let’s consider the AIDS problem today among the black people. What better group to inject AIDS into than the black people? Read the Stracker Memorandum on AIDS and the World Health Organization connection. This documents their tainted vaccination program in Africa and elsewhere. Why not kill them off? Don’t you understand that the blacks as a whole have absorbed all the debt that they can? The blacks have reached the max of the debt that they can carry. In fact, they have gone over their limit to pay back. They are now heavily into welfare, public housing, medicaid, medicare, food stamps, etc. Now, the situation is that instead of paying off the creditor, they have become a drain on the creditor. The creditor must now pay them to live and take care of them. What creditor in his right mind wants to spend money on a bunch of people from whom he can’t collect any revenue?

The corporate public policy of the corporate United States and the states and the county and of the cities are that YOU must take care of these people. You must provide them with welfare, etc. Why? Because when you, as a member of the corporate body politic allow laws to be passed which says the minorities must be taken care of; then the corporate legislature can say the public policy is that the people want these people taken care of. Therefore, when given the chance, the legislature can say the public policy is that the people want these blacks and poor whites to be taken care of and given a chance, therefore, we must raise taxes to fund all these benefits, privileges and opportunities. This is what these people need to make them socially, politically, and economically equal with every one else. The legislatures have passed all kinds of statutes providing for hugh indebtedness and they float the indebtedness off your backs because you have never gone in to challenge them; telling them that it is not your public policy to assume the debts of other people.

On the contrary, all the court decisions coming out, indicate it is the corporate public policy and it is your willingness to support the corporate public policy to pay off these debts. Remember, “public” means of and for the corporate Government. It does not mean of and for private people. “Public” means corporate government. It is corporate government policy. When they talk about public debt, they are talking about corporate government debt and your presumed pledge against this corporate created debt.

 

The Real Estate Snare

How do they work this scheme in the area of real estate? These bankster creeps have made an agreement that it is corporate public policy, that all land (property) be pledged to the creditor to satisfy the debt of the bankruptcy, which the creditor claims under bankruptcy. They get away with this the sam way they get away with any other case that is brought before the court, whether it is a traffic ticket, IRS, or whatever. Here is how it works. You have signed instruments giving information and jurisdiction to the banksters through their agents. The instruments (forms) you signed include, but are not limited to the following: social security registration, use of the social security number, IRS forms, driver license, traffic citation, jury duty, voter registration, using their address, zip code, U.S. postal service, a deed, a mortgage application, etc. etc. The banksters then use that instrument (document) under the Uniform Commercial Code (UCC) as a contract/agreement. These documents are considered promissory contract where you promise to perform. This scheme involves you, without you ever becoming directly in contact or in contract with the true creditor. What’s more, you are never informed as to whom the true creditor is and it is never divulged to you the true nature and the true cause of the paperwork that you are filling out.

If you will examine your real estate deed, you will find that you promised to pay taxes to the corporate government. On property you originally acquired through a mortgage, you will notice that the bank never promised to pay taxes. You did. The corporate government at all levels never promised to pay taxes to the creditor. You did. In tax and collection problems relating to real estate being enforced against you, you will notice that there is no mention in the mortgage or the deed stating the true nature and cause of the action.

Since you made the promise to perform, you get a bill every year for property taxes. You don’t realize that the only way they can bill you for taxes is through your own stupidity of AGREEING to pay the tax. You volunteered. They took advantage of you, conning you to promise to pay property taxes. When they send you their bill, they are coming against you for the collection of the promise you made to the creditor. Now the creditor on the paperwork appears that it is the local bank. The bank has loaned you credit. The bank hasn’t loaned you anything. It was not their credit to loan. This is why the bank can’t loan credit. There is a credit involved, but not the banks credit. It is the credit of the International banksters. The international banksters are making you the loan based upon their operation of bankruptcy claim which they presume to have against you personally as well as your property.

Now, let’s say you are not aware of your remedies provided for you within the Uniform Commercial Code (UCC). The UCC provides or allows you to dishonor the county’s presentment of the tax bill. You don’t pay your tax bill. You therefore just sit on it and don’t do or say anything. A couple of years go by and all of a sudden you are being sent letters to pay up what is owed or else in a certain period of time your property will be taken from you and put up for a tax sale. Now here is what is interesting – If you don’t pay your tax bill, and they contact you asking you to pay it and you don’t pay it, they will declare you in default. It is based on that default as provided in the UCC that they sell your property for the tax (rent).

However, the county never goes into court to put into the record the identification of the real creditor. And the county does not state the true nature and cause of the action against you (bankruptcy action disguised as a tax action). Why? Because, under bankruptcy implementation, they have developed a legal procedure which is based upon YOUR PROMISE TO PAY. The procedure provides that they don’t have to come to the court to get a court order authorizing the sale of your property. Therefore, the real creditor never makes an appearance in court. The reality is, you are denied any possibility of appearing in court to exercise your right to challenge the creditor. To ask if he became the creditor under “public policy.” To ask if it is under “public policy,” just what is “public policy”? And how did you (as an international banker) become “creditor” to me and everyone else in this country (American people). They don’t want you to ask the real creditor (the International Banksters), to PRODUCE THE DOCUMENTS upon which your personal debt is established. If they were forced to go into court, they would have to produce the deed or mortgage showing you KNOWINGLY, WILLINGLY, and VOLUNTARILY promised to pay the corporate public debt. You did not KNOWINGLY, WILLINGLY, and VOLUNTARILY promise to pay any U.S. Corporate Bankruptcy obligation made in the 1930’s. This would, of course, expose their racket. The fact is, that, there was absolutely no debt connected to you until you agreed to it through their deception and fraud. The deception in a broader sense, permeates the education system and the new media, etc., to sell you on the idea that you are a statutory “U.S. Citizen” and “resident of the United States.”(INCORPORATED).

YOUR SIGNATURE IS

YOUR MOST VALUABLE PROPERTY

Your “property” is pledged for the rest of your life upon your signature and your promise to perform is pledged into perpetual debt. The banksters don’t even bother to go to court. They leave it up to the agencies to administer the agency corporate public policy. It is the public policy of that agency to bill you on your promise to perform. If you don’t pay, they follow up on the public policy on notice of default and give you one more chance to pay. Then they proceed to sell the property at a tax auction. They never go to court or appear in court to back up their claim against you. Did any of your government licensed and controlled teachers ever stress THAT YOUR SIGNATURE IS YOUR MOST VALUABLE PERSONAL PROPERTY? Did your government teachers ever tell you, that any time you sign any document, you should sign it “without prejudice”, or with “All Rights Reserved” above your signature. This means you are reserving you God given unalienable rights (rights which cannot be transferred) and all other rights for which your fore fathers died. The Corporate U.S. Government provides, or at least pretends to provide, for this reservation of rights under the Uniform Commercial Code (UCC) at 1-207 and 1-103. You need more information in this area. It is not in the best interest of the United States Corporate “Public” schools to teach you about their bankruptcy proceedings and how they have set the snare to COMPEL YOU INTO PAYING THEIR DEBT. The Corporate “Public” schools are strictly designed for their Corporate citizens/subjects. That is, the Corporate U.S. Public School citizens. Notice all the emphasis on being a “good” citizen.

Basically all their teachers and their students are trained to produce labor and material in exchange for valueless green paper called “money.” It is not money, it functions “AS” money. Lawful money must be backed by something of value. Banksters take your labor, services, and material (homes, cars, farms, etc.) in exchange for their valueless corporate paper. This paper is backed only by the “full faith and confidence of the United States Government” (THE MOTHER CORPORATION). I do not have faith of confidence in the U.S. BANKRUPT CORPORATE GOVERNMENT ADMINISTRATORS WHO HAVE PERVERTED THEIR CONSTITUTIONAL CHARTER, enslaving the sovereign American people into THEIR bankruptcy obligations. Their fraudulent money laundering process promotes your payment on the corporate government’s bankruptcy debt. This debt is mathematically impossible to pay off. You and your family are in continual financial bondage to the international banksters. They love it so! Black’s Law Dictionary 1990, defines “Money Changers” as: – business of a banker….today handled by the international departments of banks.” Let me think for a moment, what did Christ do to the “Money Changers”? Oh, Yes, he severely interfered with their activity. Three days later Christ was crucified. Lincoln was killed for interfering with the money chargers. Kennedy was slaughtered for interfering with the money changes.

The Brother’s Case

In my brother’s case he was never in default as he never made the promise in the common law deed to pay taxes, therefore, the man who bought the property is moving against my brother through an attorney who is claiming that my brother never redeemed the property. His attorney had followed procedure by publishing the property tax notice in the newspaper for three printings. Now they show up in court to get the court to declare default. After a default judgment, the attorney’s client then has right to the property.

Now, my brother comes in and challenges this action. The problem is, the man who bought the property, is trying to claim the property when in fact he is not the original creditor. He is not the person who said my brother was in default or that he owed a tax in the first place. Now when my brother comes in and challenges the new buyer, the court rules that the new buyer is not required to produce any documents in support of his cause. The only documents they are required to produce are the documents related to procedure of foreclosure. Do you understand? There is no court case where the true creditor has to make an appearance. You cannot question or challenge the true creditor.

When you do go to court, the person you are allowed to question is the person who bought the property. THe buyer is not required to produce documents because the only one who would be required to do so, is the true creditor. Now you are in the position of fighting yourself in court. This is a very clever way for the creditor to avoid the courts in order to settle the dispute for his claim against you. This is also very clever way to avoid naming the true claimant; true plaintiff. The true plaintiff is the international bankster. The international banksters claim they have a claim against my brother’s property because my brother’s property has been pledged by the state as collateral for the corporate debts under the bankruptcy to the international banksters.

Once my brother removed his property from their jurisdiction and venue by claiming back all his rights, titles and interest, the only way that they would be able to stand a chance, would be for the original claimants (international banksters) to make an appearance through their attorney. Then, for my brother to require their attorney to place in the record, a statement, identifying the true nature and cause for their actions. The courts and the attorneys have cleverly avoided this process.

Remember, when you are dealing in bankruptcy, slight of hand, lies, and deception you have to protest to the head man in all of this action, just like the Watergate tapes. Everybody tried to protect Nixon, the head dog. It is the same in this bankruptcy scam, they all have to protect the International Banksters. The proof that this is true is that (1) My brother is now in front of the court of appeals, the attorney for the people who bought the property, has already said, the buyers should not be required to present the authority establishing the State of Maryland’s authority to tax property and to collect these taxes; This statement is the tip-off for how they are attempting to protect the International Banksters. Since the International Banksters never had to appear in court, they never were required to show where they got the right to pledge everybody’s property into the United States corporate debt. The buyer’s attorney says his client should not have to produce and this court should not demand, that he has to produce. Guess what. The court will agree with the buyer’s attorney. They don’t have to do it. They have to protect everybody’s butt.

The attorney never cited one case before 1953. The attorney put a lot of cases in his paperwork but nothing is cited before 1938. Most of the cites are since 1963, when the State of Maryland passed the UCC. All of the cites were in the 70’s and 80’s. A few cites were in the late 60’s and one in the 50’s. This lawyer knew what was going on. That’s why, no matter what happens, someone in the court will stamp on the paperwork that this case can not be cited in other cases. This case is not to be reported in the legal reports.

The Cover-up

There was a deal struck that, if any person who doesn’t have a lawyer to bring a case before the courts, and this person proves the fraud, and speaks the truth about the fraud, the courts are compelled to not allow the case to be cited or published anywhere. The courts cannot afford to have the case freely available in the public archives. This would be evidence of the fraud. This is why you can’t hire an attorney. An Attorney is compelled to uphold the fraud.

“Trust Me.”

“I’m here to help you.”

“I have the governments permission to practice law.”

“I’m a Member of the Bar.”

The attorney is there for one reason. That reason is to make sure the bankruptcy scam (established by the corporate public policy of the corporate Federal Government) is upheld. The lawyer’s will cite no cases for you that will go against the bankruptcy in cooperate public policy. Whatever the lawyers do for you is a bunch of BULL ROAR. The lawyers have to support the bankruptcy and public policy by supporting it, even at your expense. The lawyers can’t go against the corporate Federal Government statutes implementing, protecting and administrating the bankruptcy.

For all cases cited, those in the U.S. Code or the state annotated code or any other source, you may be sure that they only selected those cases that support the public policy of bankruptcy. The legal system has to work that way. After the last 30-4-50 years of cases after cases having been decided based upon upholding the bankruptcy, how could the legal system possibly allow someone to come into court and put in the record substantial information and argument to prove the fraud?

Blood in the Streets?

Can you imagine how damaging it be, if they allowed your case to be cited in another case, or if the they allowed the public to examine a copy of your brief, that discloses evidence of the fraud? This exposure would render null and void everything for which they have worked so hard. Wouldn’t this exposure make the people mad? Wouldn’t this exposure mean there would be blood running in the streets? Especially in the cities where the poor people have been really taken by this diabolical system. What they are concerned about is that the case never be cited. That goes against the bankruptcy for fear of exposing the bankruptcy and the people will then pick up their guns and shoot the SOB’s.

Mr. Sweet’s Case Disappeared!

There is a man, let’s say his name is Sweet. He has been investigating the corporate government activities for over 12 years on a full time basis. Now, let’s look at Sweet’s recent case. He won his case. He went into court and defended his common law lien on his property so as to be compatible with statutory law. The judge said, “However, since you presented me with a lien on your property, I will stipulate that the county is the owner of your property with the provision that all liens be satisfied.” Sweet was very happy about the judgment. Sweet doesn’t care if the county is the owner of the property because the county can’t take the property for the next 90 years. The county can’t take the property away from him because of his common law lien on the property. Sweet is free to use it, rent it, whatever. If the county really wants the property, they have to satisfy the lien first. However, there is a problem regarding setting a precedent. Sweet went back a couple of weeks later and asked them to punch up his case number. Guess what? The case number had disappeared! The reason the case number had disappeared is that after the judge ruled the county owned the property, subject to the lien, it became a case that goes against the corporate county bankruptcy public policy.

Since Sweet placed a lien on his own property, he is the one who has to be paid off first – not the county! The county is now required to satisfy the lien before the county is allowed to take possession of the property. The property is probably not worth the price of the lien. This would not satisfy the true creditors, the International Banksters. If the county pays Sweet off first, the city has to on their records a $75,000.00 deficit. The true creditors wouldn’t like that deficit. They certainly wouldn’t like the fact that Sweet’s clever maneuver had out foxed the foxes.

What if one hundred, two hundred, a thousand, or ten thousand, people in this state/republic would just put a common law lien on their property and then stopped paying taxes; then cited Sweet’s case. It would set a precedent. Let the county have the property as long as the judge makes the judgment subject to existing liens. In this situation, the county would end up holding all this property but could have no use of it. No rent. No taxes. All deficient. The bankster creditors certainly don’t want this scenario. The banksters don’t want any cases administered except through the application of bankruptcy procedure. The banksters want your rights, privileges, and due process strictly administered by and through the corporate courts under their corporate public policy, international bankruptcy procedure. The International Banksters and their UNREGISTERED FOREIGN AGENTS don’t want any evidence on the record, showing how you can get out from under them. Any revenue collecting individual or agency such as the courts, judges, lawyers, law enforcement officers, and tax collectors who are attempting to take money from you as a private American must be registered as a foreign agent. If they are not duly registered and properly identified, they are involved in EXTORATION AND TREASON against private Americans.

How Sweet It is!

As part of Sweet’s maneuver, he filled out a financing statement using the UCC-1 form, whereby he put his wife and himself as debtors and creditors. Now, the legal situation is switched. The UCC-1 Financing record Sweet filed with the state, shows Sweet and his wife, as being parties of interest recorded with the state rather than the presumption that the international banksters are the parties of interest.

There is an office within each corporate state (Secretary of State) that handles the UCC-1 forms for personal property and the county recorders office who records the UCC-1 against real property. Since Sweet is listed on corporate state records as the debtor and the creditor on his own property, his property can’t be put up in any way for collateral against any debts claimed by the banksters. The reason is that the International Banksters and their flunky agents, now, cannot prove that Sweet’s property is debt property of the bank or the corporate county. The property is encumbered by Sweet’s lien. Thereby, the property cannot be put up against any debt claims, until it is not encumbered by Sweet’s lien. Sweet’s property is not free and clear of all liens. The result is that for all practical purposes, the property is now Sweet’s, being unencumbered by any further demand for payment of taxes. Sweet has not paid property taxes for many years. Sweet is now his own creditor. And Sweet is his own debtor. Therefore, the International Banksters along with the county corporate thieves are knocked out for the stealing process. How sweet it is! Congratulations to Mr. Sweet!

You may want to do it the way Sweet did. If you own property, you will need to get your deed and a common law lien, then fill out a UCC-1 Form. Then file it with the Secretary of State for personal property and the county recorder for real property. This seems to be the only way for you to get out from under being a debtor of these bastardly Corporate Foreign International Banksters. The judges have to know what’s going on. The only way this scheme can work is to have all the lawyers and judges pledge to uphold the corporate bankruptcy public policy. The banksters just can’t allow lawyers in a legal system who refuse to uphold the bankruptcy policy. These renegade lawyers would have to be quickly weeded out. They certainly have a neat little system going here in America. The Land of the Fee and the Home of the Slave.

Attention: Law Student

I hope you’re listening to this tape, Law Student. You said you wanted to be a lawyer. Well, I hope you’re listening closely, because here is the legal system you’re headed to serve, and serve you will. You said you wanted to be a lawyer so you can find out what oath they’re taking, in secret, behind closed doors in solemn preparation for the “business of the court” as judges and lawyers. Now, you know the oath. The oath is simply to uphold the bankruptcy. If you want to be a lawyer and want to make a living as a lawyer, I can tell you this, they will weed you out at the very beginning if you don’t bring in your paperwork under the bankruptcy procedures. If you try to defend your clients and try to help your clients they will get rid of you. The will pull your license. So you spent all that money and time going to school under the guise of helping people and you’re wasting your time. Without that license you can’t go into a courtroom. I would think about this.

Traffic Citation

Regarding the UCC-1 Form, you can also file it against your car. Wouldn’t that be a kick in the tail if you went into court for a traffic citation where you had signed “without prejudice UCC 1-207”. And you had refused [abatement] the traffic citation using the UCC in your procedure by having signed “without prejudice” and having gone home and sent in your refusal for cause without dishonor of the presentment of the traffic citation. Now let’s say you are in front of the judge. The judge says, “What’s this refusal for cause stuff all about?” The judge won’t want any mention that the citation was issued under bankruptcy. He is afraid you’ll mention the bankruptcy issue. The reason you refused for cause without dishonor the traffic citation, is that it was issued to you under bankruptcy corporate public policy. He won’t get in to that. When you get before the judge, you just state you have removed yourself from the bankruptcy. Tell him that your auto is no longer pledged for collateral against the debt. He’ll say, “Oh yeah. What are you talking about?” That’s when you hand him the UCC-1 Form that you had filed with the state. This UCC-1 Form will show that you are the debtor and the creditor on your auto. Now what happened? The corporate county/state can/t collect on the traffic citation debt instrument. Why? Because, now that you’re the creditor on the ticket, if they collect a $100.00 fine, they have to pay you the amount of the fine. How sweet it is! You’re the creditor aren’t you? People have done this. Of course, there is no record, no paper trail, in such cases. It is not cited. The corporate Bankster’s agents, clerks, lawyers, judges, etc. take the information out of the records as soon as you beat them at their own game.

The Lawyer’s Guild Connection

The American Bar Association is a franchise of the Lawyer’s Guild of Great Britain. The American Bar Association is not concerned primarily with what happens in any case on the local level. However, when a case leaves the local level, by that, I mean the state court, city court or the justice of the peace, or even the federal court, and goes to the appeals court, it would appear that the American Bar Association takes notice of the case. It would seem that the American Bar Association must have an agreement that any action brought on an appeal, must be reviewed by the American Bar Association. If this is true, it would make sense. How else would the American Bar Association, a branch of the Lawyer’s Guild of Great Britain, which is the legal arm of the Rothchild’s Dynasty, be able to monitor and administrate the corporate Bankruptcy. It would appear that the American Bar Association would be compelled to review all appeal cases and to make certain any case brought under the common law or the constitutional law that would expose the bankruptcy, would be immediately stamped on the back that “this case is not to be cited or published.” I believe that this is the stamp origin and purpose of the stamp message in such cases. The justice department maybe able to do that in Washington, D.C. I can’t see where any judge or lawyer could have the authority to stamp or lable the case as one not to be cited for future cases. I think that is an official stamp from the American Bar Association.

The Bankruptcy Accounting System

Now, Joe Law Student, if your still attending classes and have a good professor, ask him about just where the stamp comes from that you’ve seen on many cases. Just who put it on the paperwork and just who authorized the citation restriction. Just who is tampering with the law? There is one thing certain, the creditor and or his agents are watching these cases very carefully. The creditor and his agents must balance their books. When you think of the IRS, be aware that the IRS is an agent of the creditor, the corporate International Banksters. This is just one of the Bankster’s state side agencies. The General Accounting Office (GAO) is charged with the responsibilities to keep track of the debt. All the states have to send reports to Washington, D.C. Washington D.C., itself, has to send reports to the GAO. Take a look at your state Comptroller’s Annual Report to the Governor of your state. I found it in the library located in the city of the corporate state capital. Look under “Trust Fund” for each state sub-corporation like the state courts, HRS, Banks, Education, etc. you will be amazed at the amount of money being pumped into the Trust Fund from the various Corporate State Department Revenues (all revenue is referred to as taxes, fines, fees, licenses, etc.). There are millions and billions of your hard earned worthless Federal Reserve Notes, “dollars”, being held in “trust.” This money is being siphoned off into the coffers of the International Banksters while the corporate government officials are hounding you for more taxes.

All this accounting system is not so the people will know what is going on. The accounting reports are for rthe Bankster creditors to keep tabs on just where their collections are coming from. The Banksters want to know if the bankruptcy debt payments are coming in and just how much and from what sources. This accounting if the purpose behind M1, M2, M3, M4, and M5. All this accounting is closely monitored. Maybe every day, but at least once a week. These M’s are the reports of the amounts of money in circulation. The amount of debt out there, and the amount of credit out there. The floating of debt in the form of bonds. There are five different categories. This system had to come into existence in order for the creditors to be on top of the bankruptcy at all times. This system allows the creditors to figure out and how exactly just what is going on in their domain.

It all makes sense. Don’t the banksters hir bill collectors? Creditors hire bill collectors to snoop around to see why you’re not paying. They want to know how much you are going to pay so they can figure out how much will be coming in. How much will they collect? They want to know who will pay and who won’t. The whole system is nothing but credit and debt.

The World Credit Union

Here is what is going to very quickly happen internationally. All of the governments around the world are going to unite. They will create one big giant credit union for collecting the debt for the International Banksters. We have allowed ourselves to get into this very sad situation, but that is the way it is.

And put on NOTICE of the bankruptcy…………

Attn: “Public Servant”

On the night of December 23, 1913, the U.S. Congress committed perhaps the greatest act of treason in history. It surrendered the nation’s sovereignty and sold the American people into slavery to a cabal of arch-charlatan bankers who proceeded to plunder, bankrupt, and conquer the nation with a money swindle.

The “money” the banks issue is merely bookkeeping entries. It cost them nothing and is not backed by their wealth, efforts, property, or risk. It is not redeemable except in more debt paper. The Federal Reserve Act forced us to pay compound interest on thin air. We now use worthless “notes” backed by our own credit that we cannot own and are made subject to compelled performance for the “privilege.”

From 1913 until 1933 the U.S. paid the “interest” with more and more gold. The structured inevitability soon transpired; the Treasury was empty, the debt was greater than ever, and the U.S. declared bankruptcy. In exchange for using notes belonging to bankers who create them out of nothing on our own credit, we are forced to repay in substance (labor, property, land, businesses, resources – life) in ever-increasing amounts. This may be the greatest heist and fraud of all time.

When a government goes bankrupt, it looses its sovereignty. In 1933 the U.S. declared bankruptcy, as expressed in Roosevelt’s Executive Orders 6073, 6102, 6111, and 6260, House Joint Resolution 192 of June 5, 1933 confirmed in Perry v. U.S. (1935) 294 U.S. 330-381, 79 LEd 912, as well as 31 United States Code (USC) 5112, 5119 and 12 USC 95a.

The bankrupt U.S. went into receivership, reorganized in favor of its creditors and new owners. 1913 turned over America lock, stock, and barrel to a handful of criminals whose avowed intent from the beginning was to plunder, bankrupt, conquer, and enslave the people of the United States of America and eliminate the nation from the face of the earth. The goal was, and is, to absorb America into a one-world private commercial government, a “New World Order.”

With the Erie RR v. Thompkins case of 1938 the Supreme Court confirmed their success; we are now in an international private commercial jurisdiction in colorable admiralty-maritime under the Law Merchant. We have been conned and betrayed out of our sovereignty, rights, property, freedom, common law, Article III courts, and Republic. The Bill of Rights has been statutized into “civil rights” in commerce.

America has been stolen. We have been made slaves: permanent debtors, bankrupt, in legal incapacity, rendered “commercial persons,” “residents,” and corporate franchisees known as “citizens of the United States” under the so-called “14th Amendment.” Said “Amendment” (which was never ratified – see Congressional Record, June 13, 1967; Dyett v. Turner, (1968) 439 P2d 266, 267; State v. Phillips, (1975) affirmed a citizenship ???????????.

Instructions and Options

  1. Instructions.

This chain letter consists of two aspects:

  1. A copy of these “Instructions and Options” and the letter to “Public Servants” should be sent to as many friends and associates as you wish.
  2. Send Copies of the “Public Servant” letter (without Instructions) to as many “public servants” as possible. Send to local, State, and Federal governments – police, councilmen, mayors, district attorneys, State and Federal Agencies, Congressman, Senators, judges, lawyers, etc. Anyone in position of “authority.”

Send also to the media – newspapers, news magazines, TV, radio, etc. It is important that those in “power” know what they are doing and that we know that they know.

The point of this is to inform Americans of their extreme plight. We have no more country. It has been stolen – along with our lives, rights, and property. That is not paranoia, exaggeration, or hyperbole. It is the tragic truth. As a result, all “officials” are either fools or knaves, and they should no longer be compled with or the System considered legitimate.

  1. Options

We have been defrauded and conned out of everything – our rights, freedoms, property, and country. We have the following options:

  1. Do Nothing, remain naive-suckers, keep believing the monstrous absurdity that the “government” is our friend, represents us, or we have any ownership of and control over it. In this case we will remain slaves and become ever-increasingly hopeless with each passing instant as our legal entanglements and financial indebtedness grow. The end of this path is ruin.
  2. Trust that those in power, who now own and run the world, will have a change of heart, surrender their wealth and power and give our freedom, property, and rights back to us.
  3. Expect, hope, or pray for divine intervention (how can we expect God to care and do anything if we don’t?)
  4. Try to fight our way out. This is an inferior option, as governments, posing as “protectors,” have bled their people dry to pay for the greatest assemblage of weapons of destruction in world history, which are now arrayed against us.
  5. We can think our way out, wake up from our stupor, take legal/moral measures to withdraw from the System, and not accept any benefits or engage in any involvement with it.

The “Declaration of Independence” Jefferson wrote:

“. . whenever any form of government becomes destructive of these ends, it is the right of the people to alter or to abolish it, . .” Never has there been a more treacherous and insidious System than that which has conquered this country without Americans even knowing they have been defeated. No one, however, needs any document or other party to justify his own “Declaration of Independence.” Freedom is everyone’s innate right and responsibility. Only each individual has free will over his own life, and an obligation of stewardship for its care.

What sane man would turn over power to strangers to invent and impose the rules by which he is to be made to live? Moreover, no one has any right to delegate or “vote” for any individuals or institutions to exert power over other human beings. Life, death, economy, justice, law, and human fulfillment are at issue. Everyone is consummately justified in questioning the basis of rules imposed on him.

Suggestions for Action:

  1. Read, learn, contact “Patriot” groups for information;
  2. Realize that we have been had. Abandon totally all and every shred of the delusion that the Government is yours, represents your interests, is legitimate, or is anything other than what it actually is: the machinery for administering your permanent conquest, plunder, bankruptcy, and enslavement.
  3. Do not pay any taxes. Every penny you pay in taxes, to your State or the Federal Government, goes to pay the phony, fraudulent “National Debt,” which is unredeemable. Every cent goes to enrich the insatiable coffers of a group of arch-charlatans who have stolen our country and us along with it. All taxes go to finance America’s plunder and subjugation. Instead of 1040’s or other tax forms send a copy of the “Public Servants” letter with a blank tax form.

This letter is the result of many years of legal research. What is stated barley scratches the surface. If you wish to know more, the following books can give you a start:

U.S. of A. the Republic – How You Lost It, How You Get It Back! by Lee Brobst. $15.00 Post-paid. Write: Agro-Bio Systems, POB 1250 Grass Valley, California, 95945;

Conspirator’s Hierarchy – The Committee of 300,

Jack Coleman, 1-800-942-0821;

Secrets of the Federal Reserve (and numerous other books) by Eustace Mullins, Bankers Research Institute, POB 1105, Staunton, Virginia.

RESEARCH MATERIAL TO GET COPIES OF:

  1. Treaties between the United States and others in Geneva, Switzerland from 1928 to 1932.
  2. Minutes of the same meetings as in No. 1, specifically for the year 1930.
  3. The Federal Reserve Act of 1913.
  4. House Joint Resolution No. 192 of June 5, 1933.
  5. Presidential Executive Orders 6073, 6102, 6111, 6260.
  6. 31 USC 5112 and 5119, and 12 USC 95a.
  7. Case Law to Copy:
  8. Erie R.R. v. Thompkins, (1938)
  9. Perry v. U.S., (1935) 294 U.S. 330-381, 79 LEd 912
  10. Dyett v. Turner, (1968) 439 P2d 266, 267
  11. State of Utah v. Phillips, 540 P.2d 936 (1975)
  12. Benedicts on Admiralty

Investigate; the Lawyers Guild of Great Britain and any ties to the American Bar Association.

Lawyers’ Secret Oath? An Expose’
http://www.theawaregroup.com/lawyersecretoath.htm

Secret Courts – Secret Law
http://www.apfn.org/apfn/secretcourts.htm

UNIFORM COMMERCIAL CODE – ARTICLE 1 GENERAL PROVISIONS http://www.law.cornell.edu/ucc/1/overview.html

HOW THE LEGAL SYSTEM WORKS AGAINST YOU: http://web.archive.org/web/20010331004334/http://www.divorcehelp.com/SC/C14System.html

FIGA ON LINE: (Hartford Van Dyke Updates) http://web.archive.org/web/20001206021500/earth.vol.com/~rangguid/figja.htm

Comprehensive Destination for Legal Information
http://web.archive.org/web/20001115052500/http://www11.law.com/
America Media Columnists (500) Listed By Names
http://www.blueagle.com/

=========================================

US Star Chambers
THE SECRET COURT IS BOOMING! – “Imagine a secret court made up of anonymous judges chosen by the Chief Justice of the Supreme Court and empowered to grant wiretaps, approve break-ins, tap psychiatrist’s offices and bug homes — all without probable cause.

“The hearings are conducted in secret without notification of the proposed target and without due process, since the subject of the investigation can’t challenge the evidence or answer the charges brought against them.

“Such a secret court does in fact exist. It was created in 1978 under a law entitled the Foreign Intelligence Surveillance Act, or FISA, that was designed to limit the abuses of authority made legion by the administration of former President Richard Nixon and FBI director J. Edgar Hoover…”

Hmmmm. Maybe that should read, “…was designed to give the appearance of limiting the abuses of authority made legion by the administration of former President Richard Nixon and FBI director J. Edgar Hoover.”

THE SECRET COURT IS BOOMING!
http://www.newsmakingnews.com/archive5,30,00,6,9,00.htm#THE%20SECRET%20COURT%20IS%20BOOMING!%20[Defendants%20unnamed.]
#THE SECRET COURT IS BOOMING! [Defendants unnamed.]

The Declaration of Independence
http://www.apfn.org/apfn/declaration.htm

******************************

Royal oath soon no bar to lawyers

Tuesday 11 April 2000

Most lawyers can’t wait to start their careers, but Carl Moller has kept his on hold for more than a year on a point of principle. Now he feels his patience has been rewarded.

The Victorian Government has announced that it will change the rules that require law graduates to swear allegiance to the Queen before they can practise. The change means that Mr Moller, a staunch republican who has spent the past year working as a legal clerk because he refused to swear the oath, can now join the ranks of the state’s lawyers.

“This is exciting for me … I’d be a lot happier, of course, if Australia was a republic,” he says.

Mr Moller, 28, was due to be admitted as a solicitor and barrister a year ago when he applied for an exemption from swearing the oath. The Supreme Court refused and the Court of Appeal rejected Mr Moller’s subsequent appeal.

But Attorney-General Rob Hulls has agreed to change the rules, although the reforms are not expected to make it through State Parliament until the spring session.

Mr Moller says that while many of his friends and peers agreed with his views about the oath, they urged him to do the practical thing and “cross his fingers” during the admission ceremony.

That was never an option, the conscientious objector insists. White lies might be OK for some, but he says plenty of people also “see the asset-stripping of companies as an acceptable form of conduct”.

Mr Moller was a government-selected delegate to the Constitutional Convention, but he argues his opposition to the oath has never just been about the republic.

“This is about the solemnity of the oath. You don’t take an oath you don’t believe in. That would be perjury,” he says.

Mr Moller does not see himself as a radical, pointing out that only three other Australian states still require the oath, and that England abolished the requirement in 1868.

“It doesn’t add anything to the practice or the profession … If you are going to impose an oath, it should have meaning and it should have substance. It would be better to have no oath than to have an empty oath,” he says.

Mr Hulls says he has not decided whether to scrap the oath entirely, replace it with an oath of allegiance to Australia, or merely make it optional.

“My department will look at it. I think there are some royalists out there who would still want to swear allegiance. But we’ll have a look at all of the options,” he says.

Mr Moller says he just wants to concentrate on becoming a solicitor with his firm Clayton Utz, which supported him during his campaign. http://web.archive.org/web/20001205001200/http://theage.com.au/news/20000411/A60926-2000Apr10.html

******************************

This document records the official surrender,
on June 7, 1949, of Florida’s third branch of
government, the Supreme Court of Florida,
to a private professional trade group formerly
known as the Florida State Bar Association and
now known as The Florida Bar. This government
takeover set the stage for the present day graft
and corruption now found in Florida’s judicial system:
http://www.ablelegalforms.com/40so2d902.htm

=========================================

TREASON: THE INTERNATIONAL CONSPIRACY OF THE LAWYERS

TO DESTROY THE UNITED STATES FROM WITHIN

http://www.peoples-rights.com/doc12.htm

“The Law”!

FIVE WORDS AND TEN COMMANDMENTS TO VICTORY:
http://www.apfn.org/apfn/thelaw.htm

The Current Federal Court System –
Why you get the run around, and XXXXXX in the end!
http://www.apfn.org/apfn/court_sys.htm
Who Is Running America?
http://web.archive.org/web/20020803180803/http://www.nidlink.com/~bobhard/usfraud.html

An Oath is an Oath is an Oath
http://www.apfn.org/apfn/oath.htm

LEGAL DOCUMENTS OF THE UNITED STATES
http://www.apfn.org/apfn/US_legal.htm

An Essay on the TRIAL BY JURY 12 Parts
http://www.apfn.org/apfn/trial1.htm

CONFESSIONS OF A JUDGE
http://www.apfn.org/apfn/Judge.htm

THE UNITED STATES IS STILL A BRITISH COLONY
http://www.apfn.org/apfn/bcolony.htm
The Lawyers Secret Oath
http://www.apfn.org/apfn/secretoath.htm
Judge gets orders from England

FEDERAL JUDGE STATES
IN COURT THAT
HE GETS HIS ORDERS
FROM ENGLAND

717-567-7675. 5/98: [quoting]

During the trial of James and Sharon Patterson, (Case 6:97-CR-51) William Wayne Justice, Judge of the United States District Court Texas-Eastern Division when presented with law stated: “I take my orders from
England. This is not a law this court goes by.”

For all of those who did not believe that the United States was under Great Britain here it is straight from the mouth of a Federal Judge. How much more evidence ‘do you need?’ America has never been Free. The Revolutionary war was a fraud perpetrated on the American people. The war’s purpose was to centralize power and make the people easier to control. All Federal Judges, Congressmen, U.S. Attorneys, State Judges, Legislators and most Attorneys know this and are in fact British Agents. Their job is to keep the people in line and to be productive slaves which they (The British Agents) are greatly compensated for. The police do not know that they work for Great Britain they too have been decieved so don’t attack them.

It is time for everyone in America to know the Truth. Let us all work together in exposing the British Empire. Please re-fax and e-mail this release to every Attorney, Judge, and Legislator in your area to let them know they have been unmasked. Please get out your Yellow Pages and start faxing everyone in your area and also read this release over every radio show possible. We have printed thousands of evidence packages and mailed them across America that prove that the United States is a British Colony. It is time to send the British back to England. We must work together because if, we do not. we are all doomed.

Your Friend.

Stephen Kinbol Ames Jr.

For More Information: Stephen Kinbol Ames, c/o P.O. Box 5373. Harrisburg. Pennsylvania 17110

Phone: 717-567-7675; Fax-717-567-2564

(And if one needs any further information, see August 22, 1997issue of Intelligence Review article “Britain’s ‘Invisible’ Empire Unleashes The Dogs of War”) [End quoting]

Here is very good verification or what Hatonn has been telling us all along – “from the horse’s mouth”
http://www.apfn.org/apfn/orders-from-england.htm

Queen Elizabeth controls and has amended U.S. Social Security
http://www.apfn.org/apfn/queen.htm
The 545 People Responsible For All of America’s Woes
http://www.apfn.org/apfn/woes.htm
The Orginal 13th Amendment
http://www.apfn.org/apfn/13th.htm
Was the 14th Amendment Ratified?
http://www.apfn.org/apfn/14th.htm
Get That Gold Fringe Off My Flag
http://www.apfn.org/apfn/flag.htm
War Powers Act 1933
http://www.apfn.org/apfn/1933.htm

Secret Courts – Secret Law
http://www.apfn.org/apfn/secretcourts.htm
The Oath of Office
http://www.apfn.org/apfn/oathofoffice.htm

 

“YOU HAVE THE RIGHT TO REMAIN SILENT”
http://www.apfn.org/apfn/silent.htm

The Federal Reserve Is A privately Owned Corporation
http://www.apfn.org/apfn/fed_reserve.htm
Travel As A Right
http://www.apfn.org/apfn/travel.htm

Citizens for Judicial Accountability Inc.
http://www.judicialaccountability.org/

The Bankruptcy of the United States
A 39 part Series of documents, pertaining to:
The receivers of the United States Bankruptcy are the International
Bankers, via the United Nations, the World Bank and the International
Monetary Fund. All United States Offices, Officials, and Departments are now
operating within a de facto status in name only under Emergency War Powers.
and much more… http://www.apfn.net/DOC-100_bankruptcy.htm

U.S. NATIONAL DEBT CLOCK
http://www.brillig.com/debt_clock/

2-6-2015-10-13-51-am


THE SOROSPAPAL CONSPIRACY PUSHING THE U S TO ACCEPT THE NEW WORLD ORDER

02/25/2017

http://www.newswithviews.com/NWV-News/news569.htm

11-11-2016-2-49-53-pm

By NWV Senior Political News Writer, Jim Kouri
Information gleaned from Julian Assange’s WikiLeaks release of Hillary Clinton’s campaign manager John Podesta’s emails and DCLeaks documents from George Soros’ own Open Society Foundation corroborate that Soros’ private intelligence agents/detectives secretly meeting with top Vatican cardinals, according to the documents.

For example, while preparing for a Papal visit to North and South Americas, the Pope’s minions working in the Vatican went out of their way to get cozy with what’s commonly called the radical fringe of the U.S. Democratic Party.

“Basically, from what we’ve gleaned from the Wikileaks and DCLeaks material, the Pope is actually colluding with one of the world’s wealthiest — some say wickedest — neo-Socialist who is hell bent in creating a single ruling entity for the entire planet. His vision dwarfs even the world described by George Orwell in his cautionary tale 1984,” claims political consultant and attorney Michael Baker.

Baker believes that of all the pontiffs sitting on the Vatican throne Pope Francis is the closest to an irreligious Marxist by far. “The fact is our Pope is from South America, which is arguably a hotbed of Marxism, neo-Socialism and totalitarian communism. It gave this Pope a different perspective from those coming from European nations,” Baker noted.

At the height of the presidential race between Clinton and Trump, DCLeaks documents lifted from Soros’ Open Society exposed the more than half-million dollars Soros forked over to PACO, a radical organization of community organizers, for travel and lodging for Vatican strategy meetings in anticipation of the 2016 election. Despite the fact that Trump holds tightly to the pro-life philosophy — and in fact, he was endorsed by many Protestant clergy men and women including Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.’s niece Alveda King — the Catholic Church and its U.S. members appear enthralled by the likes of Clinton, Sen. Bernie Sanders, and Sen. Elizabeth “Pocahontas” Warren, all of whom support partial-birth abortions.

Within weeks of the new Francis papacy, Jeffrey Sachs — a longtime George Soros associate and adviser — who is on record taking $50 million of Soros $40 billion treasure-trove, was invited to and featured as the Pope’s leading expert on the far-left’s climate change agenda.

A detailed report on the critical PICO/Vatican trip would certainly be of critical interest to the Chairman of the Clinton Presidential Campaign, underscoring the Soros/Clinton/Vatican partnership. Soros gave at least $25 million to the Clinton presidential campaign and Podesta previously chaired the Soros’ Center for American Progress. And, indeed, the meeting notes disclose valuable insight and intelligence about the leftist cabal at work in the Vatican.

WikiLeaks pulls back the curtain on the radicals entrenched in the Francis papacy. The PICO Vatican meeting was not simply a brisk cursory papal meet and greet. Rather, documents reveal that Alinsky activists were invited, welcomed, and dined in intense strategy sessions with high level Vatican cardinals. The leaked emails expose the leftist political machinations behind the Francis papacy, where the Soros-funded community organizers coordinated radical messaging with high level papal cardinal confidantes.

While there is no evidence of the multi-billionaire or the Pope ever meeting face-to-face, the Bishop of Rome did acknowledge Soros, who helped with a Catholic event in the U.S.

In a letter, which is dated February 10, Pope Francis publicly praises the organization PICO — People Improving Communities through Organizing — which was one of the promoters of this Vatican event.

What Pope Francis does not mention is that PICO is heavily funded by George Soros. A leftist watchdog website describes PICO as a group that “uses [Saul] Alinsky-style organizing tactics to advance the doctrines of the religious left.” As John-Henry Westen, editor-in-chief of LifeSiteNews reported in August, leaks from the Soros Foundation have shown how Soros funded PICO and other organizations in order to influence the Vatican in favor of certain policies and agendas. Westen reports.

“Leaked emails through WikiLeaks reveal that billionaire globalist George Soros — one of Hilary Clinton’s top donors — paid $650,000 to influence Pope Francis’ September 2015 visit to the USA with a view to “shift[ing] national paradigms and priorities in the run-up to the 2016 presidential campaign.” The funds were allocated in April 2015 and the report on their effectiveness suggests that successful achievements included, “Buy-in of individual bishops to more publicly voice support of economic and racial justice messages in order to begin to create a critical mass of bishops who are aligned with the Pope.” […] Grantees were PICO, a faith-based community organizing group, and Faith in Public Life (FPL), a progressive group working in media to promote left-leaning ‘social justice’ causes. Soros has funded left-wing causes the world over and was just found to have been funding an effort to eliminate pro-life laws around the globe.”

The Soros Dynasty

According to Oath Keepers, a conservative non-partisan association of current and formerly serving military, police, and first responders, who pledge to fulfill “defend the U.S. Constitution, the tentacles of George Soros can be traced directly or indirectly to his Open Society Foundations (OSF). A partial list of verified beneficiaries of Soros’s generosity includes the following.

Catholics for Choice: This nominally Catholic organization supports women’s right to abortion-on-demand; as well as Catholics in Alliance for the Common Good, a political nonprofit group is dedicated to generating support from the Catholic community for leftist candidates, causes, and legislation.

Soros is also either a primary controller or a large contributor for scores of leftist and socialist groups including:

  • Advancement Project: This organization works to organize “communities of color” into politically cohesive units while disseminating its leftist worldviews and values as broadly as possible by way of a sophisticated communications department.
  • Air America Radio: Now defunct, this was a self-identified “liberal” radio network, with hosts such as Al Franken, Rachel Maddow, Rev. Al Sharpton and others, was a total failure despite getting almost constant coverage by the mainstream news media.
  • Al-Haq: This NGO (non-governmental agency) produces highly politicized reports, papers, books, and legal analyses regarding alleged Israeli human-rights abuses committed against Palestinians.
  • All of Us or None: This organization seeks to change voting laws — which vary from state to state — so as to allow ex-inmates, parolees, and even current inmates to cast their ballots in political elections.
  • Alliance for Justice: Best known for its activism vis a vis the appointment of federal judges, this group consistently depicts Republican judicial nominees as “extremists.”
  • America Coming Together: Soros played a major role in creating this group, whose purpose was to coordinate and organize pro-Democrat voter-mobilization programs.
  • America Votes: Soros also played a major role in creating this group, whose get-out-the-vote campaigns targeted likely Democratic voters.
  • America’s Voice: This open-borders group seeks to promote “comprehensive” immigration reform that includes a robust agenda in favor of amnesty for illegal aliens.
  • American Bar Association Commission on Immigration Policy: This organization “opposes laws that require employers and persons providing education, health care, or other social services to verify citizenship or immigration status.”
  • American Civil Liberties Union: This group opposes virtually all post-9/11 national security measures enacted by the U.S. government. It supports open borders, has rushed to the defense of suspected terrorists and their abettors, and appointed former New Left terrorist Bernardine Dohrn — wife of Bill Ayers — to its Advisory Board.
  • American Constitution Society for Law and Policy: This Washington, DC-based think tank seeks to move American jurisprudence to the left by recruiting, indoctrinating, and mobilizing young law students, helping them acquire positions of power. It also provides leftist Democrats with a bully pulpit from which to denounce their political adversaries.
  • American Friends Service Committee: This group views the United States as the principal cause of human suffering around the world. As such, it favors America’s unilateral disarmament, the dissolution of American borders, amnesty for illegal aliens, the abolition of the death penalty, and the repeal of
  • American Immigration Council: This non-profit organization is a prominent member of the open-borders lobby. It advocates expanded rights and amnesty for illegal aliens residing in the U.S.
  • American Immigration Law Foundation: This group supports amnesty for illegal aliens, on whose behalf it litigates against the U.S. government.
  • American Independent News Network: This organization promotes “impact journalism” that advocates progressive change. The editor of Media Matters, David Brock, is the top honcho.
  • The American Prospect, Inc.: This corporation trains and mentors young left-wing journalists, and organizes strategy meetings for leftist leaders.
  • Amnesty International: This organization directs a grossly disproportionate share of its criticism for human rights violations at the United States and Israel.
  • Applied Research Center: Viewing the United States as a nation where “structural racism” is deeply “embedded in the fabric of society,” ARC seeks to “build a fair and equal society” by demanding “concrete change from our most powerful institutions.”
  • Association of Community Organizations for Reform Now: This group conducted voter mobilization drives on behalf of leftist Democrats. These initiatives have been notoriously marred by fraud and corruption. The group helped start a Chicago community organizer named Barack Obama on the road to the Oval Office and was exposed by two young journalists — James O’Keefe and Hannah Giles — and was disbanded but still functions underground.
  • Black Alliance for Just Immigration: This organization seeks to create a unified movement for “social and economic justice” centered on black racial identity.
  • Blueprint North Carolina: This group seeks to “influence state policy in North Carolina so that residents of the state benefit from more progressive policies such as better access to health care, higher wages, more affordable housing, a safer, cleaner environment, and access to reproductive health services.”
  • Brennan Center for Justice: This think tank/legal activist group generates scholarly studies, mounts media campaigns, files amicus briefs, gives pro bono support to activists, and litigates test cases in pursuit of radical “change.”
  • Brookings Institution: This organization has been involved with a variety of internationalist and state-sponsored programs, including one that aspires to facilitate the establishment of a U.N.-dominated world government. Brookings Fellows have also called for additional global collaboration on trade and banking; the expansion of the Kyoto Protocol; and nationalized health insurance for children. Nine Brookings economists signed a petition opposing President Bush’s tax cuts in 2003. While the news media call them a non-partisan group, the moment one of their spokespeople starts “lecturing” audiences, it become apparent it is a left-wing think tank.
  • Campaign for America’s Future: This group supports tax hikes, socialized medicine, and a dramatic expansion of social welfare programs.
  • Campus Progress: A project of the Soros-bankrolled Center for American Progress, this group seeks to “strengthen progressive voices on college and university campuses, counter the growing influence of right-wing groups on campus, and empower new generations of progressive leaders.”
  • Center for American Progress: This leftist think tank is headed by former Clinton chief of staff John Podesta, works closely with Hillary Clinton, and employs numerous former Clinton administration staffers. It is committed to “developing a long-term vision of a progressive America” and “providing a forum to generate new progressive ideas and policy proposals.”
  • Center for Community Change: This group recruits and trains activists to spearhead leftist “political issue campaigns.” Promoting increased funding for social welfare programs by bringing “attention to major national issues related to poverty,” the Center bases its training programs on the techniques taught by the famed radical organizer Saul Alinsky.
  • Center for Economic and Policy Research: This group opposed welfare reform, supports “living wage” laws, rejects tax cuts, and consistently lauds the professed achievements of socialist regimes, most notably Venezuela.
  • Center for International Policy: This organization uses advocacy, policy research, media outreach, and educational initiatives to promote “transparency and accountability” in U.S. foreign policy and global relations. It generally views America as a disruptive, negative force in the world especially in their goal of a New World Order.
  • Center for Reproductive Rights: CRR’s mission is to guarantee safe, affordable contraception and abortion-on-demand for all women, including adolescents. The organization has filed state and federal lawsuits demanding access to taxpayer-funded abortions (through Medicaid) for low-income women.
  • Center on Wisconsin Strategy (COWS): Aiming to redistribute wealth by way of higher taxes imposed on those whose incomes are above average, COWS contends that “it is important that state government be able to harness fair contribution from all parts of society – including corporations and the wealthy.”
  • Change America Now: Formed in December 2006, Change America Now describes itself as “an independent political organization created to educate citizens on the failed policies of the Republican Congress and to contrast that record of failure with the promise offered by a Democratic agenda.”
  • Coalition for an International Criminal Court: This group seeks to subordinate American criminal-justice procedures to those of an international court.
  • Color Of Change: This organization was founded to combat what it viewed as the systemic racism pervading America generally and conservatism in particular.
  • Common Cause: This organization aims to bring about campaign-finance reform, pursue media reform resembling the Fairness Doctrine, and cut military budgets in favor of increased social-welfare and environmental spending.
  • Constitution Project: This organization seeks to challenge the legality of military commissions; end the detainment of “enemy combatants”; condemn government surveillance of terrorists; and limit the President’s executive privileges.
  • Defenders of Wildlife Action Fund: Defenders of Wildlife opposes oil exploration in Alaska’s Arctic National Wildlife Refuge. It condemns logging, ranching, mining, and even the use of recreational motorized vehicles as activities that are destructive to the environment.
  • Democracy Alliance: This self-described “liberal organization” aims to raise $200 million to develop a funding clearinghouse for leftist groups. Soros is a major donor to this group.
  • Democracy 21: This group is a staunch supporter of the Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act of 2002, also known as the McCain-Feingold Act.
  • Democracy Now!: Democracy Now! was created in 1996 by WBAI radio news director Amy Goodman and four partners to provide “perspectives rarely heard in the U.S. corporate-sponsored media,” i.e., the views of radical and foreign journalists, left and labor activists, and ideological foes of capitalism.
  • Democratic Justice Fund: DJF opposes the Patriot Act and most efforts to restrict or regulate immigration into the United States — particularly from countries designated by the State Department as “terrorist nations.”
  • Drum Major Institute: This group describes itself as “a non-partisan, non-profit think tank generating the ideas that fuel the progressive movement,” with the ultimate aim of persuading “policymakers and opinion-leaders” to take steps that advance its vision of “social and economic justice.”
  • Earth justice: This group seeks to place severe restrictions on how U.S. land and waterways may be used. It opposes most mining and logging initiatives, commercial fishing businesses, and the use of motorized vehicles in undeveloped areas.
  • Economic Policy Institute: This organization believes that “government must play an active role in protecting the economically vulnerable, ensuring equal opportunity, and improving the well-being of all Americans.”
  • Ella Baker Center for Human Rights: Co-founded by the revolutionary communist and Barack Obama friend Van Jones, this anti-poverty organization claims that “decades of disinvestment in our cities” — compounded by “excessive, racist policing and over-incarceration” — have “led to despair and homelessness.”
  • EMILY’s List: This political network raises money for Democratic female political candidates who support unrestricted access to taxpayer-funded abortion-on-demand.
  • Energy Action Coalition: Founded in 2004, this group describes itself as “a coalition of 50 youth-led environmental and social justice groups working together to build the youth clean energy and climate movement.” For EAC, this means “dismantling oppression” according to its principles of environmental justice.
  • Fair Immigration Reform Movement: This is the open-borders arm of the Center for Community Change.
  • Faithful America: This organization promotes the redistribution of wealth, an end to enhanced interrogation procedures vis a vis prisoners-of-war, the enactment of policies to combat global warming, and the creation of a government-run heath care system.
  • Families USA: This Washington-based health-care advocacy group favors ever-increasing government control of the American healthcare system.
  • Feminist Majority: Characterizing the United States as an inherently sexist nation, this group focuses on “advancing the legal, social and political equality of women with men, countering the backlash to women’s advancement, and recruiting and training young feminists to encourage future leadership for the feminist movement in the United States.”
  • Four Freedoms Fund: This organization was designed to serve as a conduit through which large foundations could fund state-based open-borders organizations more flexibly and quickly.
  • Free Press: This “media reform” organization has worked closely with many notable leftists and such organizations as Media Matters for America, Air America Radio, Global Exchange, Code Pink, Fairness and Accuracy in Reporting, the Revolutionary Communist Party, and Pacifica Radio.
  • Funding Exchange: Dedicated to the concept of philanthropy as a vehicle for social change, this organization pairs leftist donors and foundations with likeminded groups and activists who are dedicated to bringing about their own version of “progressive” change and social justice. Many of these grantees assume that American society is rife with racism, discrimination, exploitation, and inequity and needs to be overhauled via sustained education, activism, and social agitation.
  • Gamaliel Foundation: Modeling its tactics on those of the radical Sixties activist Saul Alinsky, this group takes a strong stand against current homeland security measures and immigration restrictions.
  • Gisha: Center for the Legal Protection of Freedom of Movement: This anti-Israel organization seeks to help Palestinians “exercise their right to freedom of movement.”
  • Global Centre for the Responsibility to Protect: This group contends that when a state proves either unable or unwilling to protect civilians from mass atrocities occurring within its borders, it is the responsibility of the international community to intervene — peacefully if possible, but with military force if necessary.
  • Global Exchange: Established in 1988 by pro-Castro radical Medea Benjamin, this group consistently condemns America’s foreign policy, business practices, and domestic life. Following the 9/11 terrorist attacks, Global Exchange advised Americans to examine “the root causes of resentment against the United States in the Arab world — from our dependence on Middle Eastern oil to our biased policy towards Israel.”
  • Grantmakers Without Borders: GWB tends to be very supportive of leftist environmental, anti-war, and civil rights groups. It is also generally hostile to capitalism, which it deems one of the chief “political, economic, and social systems” that give rise to a host of “social ills.”
  • Green For All: This group was created by Obama pal Van Jones to lobby for federal climate, energy, and economic policy initiatives.
  • Health Care for America Now: This group supports a “single payer” model where the federal government would be in charge of financing and administering the entire U.S. healthcare system.

 

  • Human Rights Campaign: The largest “lesbian-gay-bisexual-transgender” lobbying group in the United States, HRC supports political candidates and legislation that will advance the LGBT agenda. Historically, HRC has most vigorously championed HIV/AIDS-related legislation, “hate crime” laws, the abrogation of the military’s “Don’t Ask, Don’t Tell” policy, and the legalization of gay marriage.
  • Human Rights First: This group supports open borders and the rights of illegal aliens; has filed amicus curiae briefs on behalf of terror suspect Jose Padilla; and deplores the Guantanamo Bay detention facilities.
  • Human Rights Watch: This group directs a disproportionate share of its criticism at the United States and Israel. It opposes the death penalty in all cases, and supports open borders and amnesty for illegal aliens.

Olddogs Comments!

Given the power and authority to do so, I would deport every member of these organizations. Keeping them here is no different than sleeping with the enemy. And every dime of tax money would be returned. And as far as soro’s goes I would have all of his money confiscated and send him to hell.

2-6-2015-10-13-51-am


MEET YOUR STRAWMAN

02/24/2017

EVERYTHING HERE IS APPLICABLE TO AMERICA!

2-24-2017-10-58-19-am

Let’s have a little quiz:

  1. Who meets there?
  2. What do they do there?
  3. Do they help you in any way?

If your answers were

1 “Members of the government”

2 “They represent all the people living in the country” and

3 “Yes, they create laws to protect me and my family”

Then let me congratulate you on getting every one of the answers wrong.

Didn’t do too well on that quiz? OK, let’s have another go:

  1. When was slavery abolished?
  2. Was slavery legal?
  3. Are you in debt to a financial institution?

Here are the answers:

  1. The serving officers of a commercial company.
  2. They think up ways to take money and goods from you.
  3. No, absolutely not, they help themselves and not you.
  4. Slavery has NEVER been abolished and you yourself, are considered to be a slave right now.
  5. Yes, slavery is “legal” although it is not “lawful” (you need to discover the difference).
  6. No. You are NOT in debt to any financial institution.

Does this seem a little strange to you?   If it does, then read on:

THOSE IN POWER HAVE A BIG SECRET

Paying tax is OPTIONAL !!

Getting a licence is OPTIONAL !!

Registering a vehicle is OPTIONAL !!

Paying a fine is OPTIONAL !!

Attending a court is OPTIONAL !!

YOU CAN IF YOU WANT TO, BUT YOU DON’T HAVE TO

Surprised?     Well – try this for size:

Every Mortgage and Loan is FULLY REPAID from day one – you can pay it again if you want to, but you don’t have to !!

If nobody has told that you that you have a Strawman, then this could be a very interesting experience for you.   Your Strawman was created when you were very young, far too young to know anything about it.     But then, it was meant to be a secret as it’s purpose is to swindle you, and it has been used very effectively to do just that ever since it was created.

Perhaps it is about time that you learnt about your strawman and how you can stop it being used against you.     Knowing about it is the most important first step.   You need to go on a journey of discovery, and I’m afraid that what you are about to discover is not very pleasant.   However, if you decide to act on what you learn, it could change your life for the better.   If you think that you are in debt, then you can get out of it if you are willing to stand up for your rights and refuse to be swindled any longer.   Interested?   If so, then let’s start at the beginning and find out where your strawman came from and why you should care about it.

It all started when your parents had a happy event and you entered the world.   You don’t know exactly when that was, because you were not aware of the days of the week, the months of the year or even what year it was.Even after some months had gone by, you still were not aware of these things, but by that time, your strawman had already been created and it was being used to make some very unscrupulous people rich.   None of this was your fault.   It happened because your parents were fooled into thinking that they needed to register your birth and get a birth certificate for you.   So, they APPLIED for a birth certificate, not understanding what would happen when they did.   Well then, what did happen?   According to the Local Authority:

1 They lost ownership of their baby (you).

2 They allowed a strawman to be created.

This is not something which they can be blamed for, as nobody told them it would, or even could, happen.   Nor did anybody tell them what a strawman is or how it can be used against their baby.   In actual fact, the “registration” is a contract and in reality, it is null and void because there was not full disclosure by the Local Authority, nor was there ‘intent to contract’ on the part of the parents.

Tricia corrects this information, stating: “There is no “application” for a Birth Certificate. The State creates one no matter what, with or without any parent providing information. The paper on which they provide information is called an information sheet, not an application. The parent signs only as informant, not as any applicant. The baby is not registered at all. Only the birth event is registered which is the birthing of the new fictitious entity Name being created by the State.

The State then issues you a certified COPY of the original which the State keeps as legal title to that fictitious entity Name. You merely USE the State owned legal “person” to conduct any commerce within the State regulated legal system of commerce, all of which is just fiction. Even when the parent signed as informant, that was not their signature they signed, but the signature for the fiction Name the State owns and created after they were born.

Everyone who has a copy of the birth certificate is authorised by the State to USE the State property Name and authorised to sign that Name FOR that Name. Everything you USE that Name for is all liability of the State. It is their property. They hold original legal title to it. The only reason everyone has problems from using that Name is only because they BELIEVE that is their property. So they make CLAIMS to that Name because of merely BELIEVING that is their property which is actually a false claim they make against State owned property.

Any time a CLAIM is made in any court that claim MUST be bonded or insured. So your CLAIM becomes your CONSENT where you pledge your body and/or property as your bond/insurance as surety against your CLAIM. When you lose they take your body and put it in jail while their bond created cures or they take your property to pay your loss in court for YOUR claim which you made!

If you use their property Name properly and do not claim it or anything registered in that Name, then they have no consent from you and no claim by you and the State then must settle any claim against their property Name. It is as simple as that…. Any time a names has a Last Name included that is a fiction name. There is no last name for living men or women, ONLY a given name, first-middle. So unless there is ONLY a first-middle name where NO last name exists at all, then the name is not for a man or woman. It does not matter how it spelled at all. It only matters whether it includes a last name or not. That is what the difference between a name for a living being and a fiction name. You will not find a Birth Certificate that does not have a Last Name. …

In fact, no name can BE the human. The human can only be CALLED BY a name. James is the name the human would be called by. There is no last name attached. The only way to properly refer to a human by a name is where you would have write, the man called by James. Man is man and woman is woman no matter what. Man is not James. Woman is not Jane. Man is only called by James and woman is only called by Jane.

James Martin or Jane Martin is fiction and has nothing at all to do with a living man or woman …. Of course, when one actually KNOWS THYSELF, then they know all those codes and statutes and their definitions are not important at all because they know none of it applies to them anyway. They don’t even volunteer any more as a participant to that fictitious Law Society because they know that it has nothing to do with them and they are not a party to it.”

So, what is a strawman?   A strawman is a fictitious legal entity, created with the hope that as the child grows up, he will be fooled into believing that he is actually the strawman (which he most definitely is not) and pay all sorts of imaginary costs and liabilities which get attached to the strawman by con artists.

How is a strawman created?   Well the mechanism involves that unnecessary birth certificate which the parents imagine is about, and belongs to, their baby (neither of which is actually true).   If the baby has been named James and the family name is Martin, then you would expect the birth certificate to have the name James Martin written on it.   If that is what is written on it, then all is well and it is a genuine birth certificate.   However, if any other name is there, then the document is not a birth certificate but instead is the creation of a strawman masquerading as James Martin.   The alternative entries might be any of the following examples:   “JAMES MARTIN”, “Mr James Martin”, “Martin, Mr James” or anything else which is not exactly “James Martin” and nothing else.

Why create a strawman?   The answer is ‘in order to charge the strawman imaginary costs and penalties and fool the human James Martin into paying those amounts’.   These imaginary charges include ‘Income Tax’, ‘Council Tax’, ‘Inheritance Tax’, ‘Capital-Gains Tax’, ‘Road Tax’, ‘Import Tax’, ‘Value-Added Tax’, ‘Fuel Levy’, ‘Loan Interest’, ‘Bank Charges’ and anything else that full-time professionals can think up and are confident that you will not notice that you never agreed to pay and don’t need to pay.

Legalese   is a secret language invented to trick you. It uses English words but attaches secret meanings to those words with the sole intention of stopping you believing that what they are saying to you has nothing to do with the normal meaning in the English language. Their purpose is to cheat you and rob you.

For example, they will say to you “Do you understand?” .   In English, that means “Do you comprehend what I am saying to you?” and the automatic response would be “Yes”, meaning “I do comprehend what you are saying to me”. But these sneaky, underhand people have changed the meaning in Legalese to mean “Do you stand under me?” meaning “Do you grant me authority over you so that you have to obey whatever I tell you to do?”.

What makes it even worse, is the fact that they will never tell you that they have switched from English to Legalese, and if that is not dishonest, underhand and unscrupulous, then I don’t know what is!   If you answer the question believing that English is being spoken, then they pretend that you are contracting with them to become subordinate to them.   Whether or not that is actually true is debatable because that is effectively a verbal contract between you and them and for any contract to be valid, there has to be full and open disclosure of all of the terms of the contract, and then, unreserved acceptance by both parties, and in these cases, that has most definitely, not occurred.

But what is the point in all this?   Well, this manoeuvre is intended to trick you into agreeing to represent your strawman.   Why?   Aaah now, that is a good question, but to answer it takes a bit of explaining, and you need to understand the overall situation:

All humans are born equal, with complete freedom of choice and action.   If you live in the same place as a lot of other people, then there are a few restrictions which have grown up, by common consent, over time.   These restrictions are for your protection and the protection of the other people living near you.   These restrictions are called “the Law” (or more accurately: “Common Law”) and they are few in number and very easy to understand.   They are:

You must not injure or kill anyone.

You must not steal or damage things owned by somebody else.

You must be honest in your dealings and not swindle anyone.

These have resulted from hundreds of years of disputes which have been dealt with through using common sense and the opinions of ordinary people.   They are the only limitations on you, and if you don’t want to abide by them, then you need to go to some isolated place and stay away from other people.

Many people think that there are hundreds of other laws which they have to keep (and new ones every other day), but that is not so.   Those other things are called “statutes” and keeping them is optional for you, the human, BUT they are not optional for your fictitious strawman, and that is why the people who benefit from those things want to persuade you to represent your strawman and so become subject to all of their invented restrictions and charges.

If you knew that they were optional, would you agree to:

Give most of your earnings away in taxes and similar charges?

Pay to own a vehicle?

Pay to own a television set?

Pay to drive on roads which were built with your money?

Be forced to join armed services if you are told to?

Send an army which is supposed to represent you, into another country to murder innocent people there?

Were you ever told that these things are optional?   If you agree to represent your strawman, then these things become binding on you.   These are some of the “statutes” which ‘politicians’ keep inventing in order to make you poor, make them and their friends rich, and keep you in a position where you have to do everything they say, no matter how much that harms you and does away with your natural rights and freedom.

But, says somebody, we elect a government to represent us and so we have to do what they say, after all, they have our best interests at heart don’t they?

Well, that is a nice thought, but is it actually true?   No it isn’t.   You think that you elect politicians to represent you in your government, but that is not what you actually do.   That is part of a very carefully fostered illusion intended to keep you in your place and giving most of your earnings away (typically, 80% of all you earn).   Part of the secret is that what is supposed to be your ‘government’ is actually a privately owned, for-profit company and all that you do when voting, is help choose the serving officers inside that company.   It will never make the slightest difference to what happens in the future as the company policy and actions are controlled by the owners of the company and they are not influenced in any way whatsoever by what you want.

Think this is far fetched?   Then check it out via Dun & Bradstreet or any of the other places which records the setting up and performance of the 160,000,000 commercial companies world-wide.   When you do that, you will discover that, for example, the House of Commons is a commercial for-profit company (number UC2279443), The Labour Party is a commercial company which trades under the name of “Allister Darling MP”, The House of Lords which is the highest court in the land is a private company, the United Kingdom Corporation Ltd. formerly known as the “United Kingdom plc” and which never complied with the law which requires it to file it’s financial records, is also a private company.   The Ministry of Justice D-U-N-S Number 22-549-8526, Directors: Lord Falconer of Thoroton is a private company set up in the year 1600.   The Bank of England is a private company, as is every Court and every Police Force and even the Secretary of State for Trade and Industry is a company and not a person.

It gets even more ridiculous when you discover that The Devon and Cornwall Police is a company which has been taken over by a company owned by IBM which is paid an annual budget of £256,800,000 taken from members of the public.   Gilbert and Sullivan would have loved this reality as a script for one of their comedies.   Lancashire County Council was incorporated as a company (IP00666C) in 2002.   It’s registered office was “3rd Floor, Christ Church Precinct, County Hall, Preston” and it was completely dissolved on 25th January 2008 and all of it’s Assets and Liabilities were transferred on 12th November 2007 to another company – “The Blues and Twos Credit Union Ltd.” whose registered address is Lancashire Police Headquarters, PO Box 77, Hutton, Preston.   Do you by any chance get the feeling that you are being taken for a ride here?

Just in case you are not aware of it, the purpose of any commercial ‘for-profit’ company or corporation is to make money for it’s owners (and shareholders if there are any).   The people whom you think of as ‘The Government’ don’t do anything which earns money – instead, they take money from you and their main job is to make sure that you don’t realise that they are in the same position as IBM which takes away a cool £256 million of your money every year.”

So, why all the pretence of there being a genuine government which you elect and who serve you?   They don’t want you to understand that they are just running a company which produces nothing of any worth – something like a betting shop, where almost every customer loses money – and wake up to the fact that, unlike what you have been told all your life, this is all optional and you don’t need to play their rip-off game any longer unless you want to.

They want you to be so burdened down with paying them money and working so hard and so long that you don’t have the time, money or energy to stop and think about what is happening to you and your family.

They are desperate to stop you from just walking away from their scam, and so they make every effort to connect you with the fiction which is your strawman because fictitious entities like commercial companies can’t have any dealing with a real man or a real woman – they can only deal with another fiction like your strawman, and it is essential that they fool you into believing that you have to act on behalf of your strawman – which you don’t.

They have a number of well-proven methods of distracting you and keeping you from finding out.   They want you to see a great deal of entertainment, not because there is anything wrong with entertainment, but while you are watching it you will not be asking awkward questions.   Also, they are very careful that most entertainment reinforces their make-believe world and makes it appear to be “the real world” where everyone is under ‘The Government’, Police Officers uphold the law, taxes are essential in order to keep things going and things which are said to be bad for you, are taxed heavily (not to make money) but supposedly, to encourage you to avoid those things.

They also have another very effective technique, and that is fear.   They want you to be afraid.   Afraid of imaginary terrorists.   Afraid of disasters.   Afraid of new diseases.   Afraid of foreign countries.   Afraid of “the economy” doing badly and inflation rising.   If you doubt this, then take a look at the news and count the number of positive, uplifting news items, and the number of negative or depressing news items.   It doesn’t take much in the way of research to see the very heavy negative bias in the news.   The reason behind this is to make you feel that you need a government and an army to protect you from these supposed dangers.   It is easy to keep the news items biased that way, because all of the major news agencies and media outlets in the world are owned by only five or six privately owned commercial companies.

So to supposedly connect you to the strawman which they created for you when your birth was registered, they use the Legalese technique of conning you with the Name of the strawman.   If you are ill-advised enough to go to a Court (which is a Corporate place of Business) as the accused, you will be asked to confirm your name, quoting the full name shown on your birth certificate, which is the LEGAL PERSONALITY.   Titles such as Mr, Dr, Lord, PC, QC, or whatever are not asked for as they are not required.   The “Accused” is actually the LEGAL PERSONALITY which is the name on the birth certificate, so when they ask for the person’s NAME, they are talking to the LEGAL PERSONALITY and not the human.   This is because a human cannot exist in the legal world – only pieces of paper can, and that is something which they are very careful not to tell you.

This is a really key issue.   Natural Law and Common Law are the only laws which apply to humans and they deal only with harming other people or causing them loss, and outside of those restrictions, a human has free and unlimited entitlement to do anything he chooses which complies with these principles.   As opposed to this, Acts of Parliament, “Statutes” and Statutory Instruments “Contracts” do not apply to the human but only to the piece of paper which is the LEGAL PERSONALITY and which has no reality.   As the legal fiction of the LEGAL PERSONALITY was created by the company called “the United Kingdom Corporation”, it is that company which gets to say what the rights and duties are for that piece of paper.

When a person is born in Britain, the mother and father submit a Birth Certificate Registration Form, which is a piece of paper.   There is no requirement under common law to do this.   When any limited company or corporation is set up, there is always a Certificate of Registration in order to create it’s LEGAL PERSONALITY and that is a piece of paper.   Please note that a British Birth Certificate states quite clearly that it is not evidence of identity, that means that, it has nothing to do with any human.   Marked on it is “Crown Copyright” showing clearly that it does not belong to an individual and was created by the crown.   This act of Registering a child, makes that child a “ward of the court” and the child can be taken away from the parents at any time.   The Legalese definitions of words which sound commonplace, can be found in Black’s Law Dictionary and the current edition is the eighth.

Another trick they try to play on you is to imply that a Summons is something which you MUST obey while in fact, it is only an Invitation to attend their place of business.   They are NOT inviting you, the man, but instead, they are inviting a LEGAL PERSONALITY to their place of business, and please note that there is a CHOICE as it is only an invitation.   The LEGAL PERSONALITY is just a piece of paper, a BIRTH CERTIFICATE created by the commercial company called “The United Kingdom Corporation” and it is not the human.   You can’t be forced into a contract, so they have to deceive you into entering into one without understanding what you are doing.   They are using deception as every Magistrates Court is a trading name of the commercial company called “The Ministry of Justice” D-U-N-S Number 22-549-8526 which does not have a Parent Company listed meaning that it is a Parent Company itself.   Legal people on being shown this company registration, responded by saying that if this information is genuine (which it is), then the UK has been lawless for more than 400 years because the whole Justice System is being dealt with by a commercial company.

Going to court in connection with any civil action, is a very bad idea as the only function of a court is to judge between two parties who disagree and then penalise the loser.   The court doesn’t care who wins or loses, and the objective of the court is to make a profit for it’s owners as it is a commercial enterprise and it’s purpose is to acquire money from anybody who is fool enough to attend.   If you look at the Summons (which is really an invitation) to go to court, you will see that it is not in your name, but in the name of the strawman which they are hoping to fool you into representing.

Dealing With “Debt”   Because of the very high percentage of the money earned being taken away from the average person, it is not unusual for people to end up with what looks like “debt”.   Most people spend their time worrying over the statement of what they are told they owe, and do endless calculations to see if they agree with the numbers which they have been sent.   Again, this is the sort of misdirection which magicians use to fool audiences, distracting their attention away from where the action is really taking place.   Here, the question is really not “How much is owed?” but instead it is “Is anything actually owed?”.

You need to remember that any financial institution is a legal fiction and does not actually exist.   As a result of this, it can only deal with other legal fictions (essentially, other pieces of paper) and it can’t have any dealings with a man or a woman as they are not legal fictions.   It is also important to understand what passes for money nowadays.   Let’s say our trusty friend James Martin goes looking for a loan and he fills in an application form with the Swindle Bank Limited for £10,000.   Interestingly, the form which he is asked to sign, says that he has already received the £10,000 although the loan has not yet been approved.

The next day, the loan is approved and James is handed a cheque which he is asked to sign and lodge to his account with the bank.   We won’t follow up on that very interesting procedure at this time, but please remember that he has now provided two signatures for £10,000 in the strawman name, and all he has received is a 1 and four zeros in the accounts of the Swindle Bank Limited.

All goes well for several months until James loses his job and does not manage to get another one.   This is financial trouble which he does not know how to deal with. Time goes by and James has not had sufficient money to make payments against his loan from the Swindle Bank Limited.   He starts getting letters from the bank saying that he must pay the arrears immediately and keep up with the payments in future.   There is not the slightest chance of that happening as James just does not have the money and he does not know what to do.

Fortunately, Peter, the next door neighbour of James happens to be an independent financial advisor with years of experience, and James has the brainwave of asking him for help.   Peter is willing to help and so he sits down and goes through all of the paperwork.   Then he tells James:   “You must not ignore this situation.   Write back immediately and say that you agree to pay any financial obligation which you might lawfully owe, ON CONDITION that they:

 

  1. Provide validation of the debt, that is, the actual accounting.
  2. Verification of their claim against you, that is, a signed Invoice.
  3. A copy of the Contract binding both parties (you and them), and send that letter by recorded delivery so that there is an independent witness to it having been delivered.”

 

Every letter you write should be marked clearly “Without Prejudice” which means that you reserve all your lawful rights and accept no contract unless it is shown to be lawful by meeting the four conditions essential to a lawful, binding contract, namely:

Full Disclosure (you were not told that you were actually creating the credit with your signature)

Equal Consideration (they brought nothing of value to the table and so have nothing to lose)

Lawful Terms and Conditions (yours were actually based on fraud), and

The signatures of both parties (corporations can’t sign because they have no Right or Mind to contract since they are soul-less legal fictions, and no third party can sign a contract on their behalf)

Peter then tells James that agreeing to pay, provided that evidence of a lawful debt can be produced, stops him being taken to court because courts only adjudicate between parties who are in dispute, and as James has agreed to pay, there is no dispute, so the court would not accept any application for a hearing.   If the Swindle Bank were foolish enough to try, James has only to send the court a copy of his letter agreeing to pay and the case would be thrown out immediately (and the Bank might well be penalised for wasting court time).

The bank is now in trouble as it has been running a con game on James and so can’t produce the documents for which James has asked.   The request by James was reasonable in every respect.   However, a loan agreement is a contract and so there has to be full disclosure of all the details (which there wasn’t), both sides have to put up something of equal worth (which didn’t happen) and the contract has to be signed by both parties (which the bank can’t do).   So, the bank has a real problem.

The bank will probably send a Statement of what it wants James to believe is the outstanding amount.   James should return this with a polite note saying that a Statement is not an Invoice, so would they please provide a signed Invoice as requested.   They will also probably send a photocopy of his Loan Application form, at which point James should write back and point out politely that it does not constitute a contract as it is only signed by one of the parties (himself) and he has asked for a copy of the Contract signed by both parties.

The bank is likely to go silent at this point and stop corresponding with James.   James should then write again, requesting that the necessary documents be sent to him within the next fourteen (or perhaps 28) days, and if that does not happen, then he will consider the debt to be fully discharged.

The bank will either remain silent or write back to say that the debt is fully discharged.   If the bank tries phoning, then just tell them politely that you only wish to deal with this matter in writing, and ring off.   If the bank remains silent for the stated period, then James should write back stating that due to the bank’s failure to provide the necessary evidence of a lawful debt within the reasonable time provided, that James now considers that the debt is fully discharged and ask the bank to confirm that in writing.   The bank will normally write back confirming that the debt is fully discharged and that there is nothing owing and if it does not do that, then it will just stop asking for any further payments.

The reasons for how and why this takes place, takes a good deal of explaining and many people find it difficult to understand.   So, it is covered in detail here.   Many people think that this process sounds like you ripping off the bank, but this is definitely not the case.

What is money?

Originally in England, the unit of money was called “one pound sterling”. That was because it was literally, sterling silver a weighing one pound.   As it was quite difficult to carry several pounds weight of currency round with you, it was arranged that the actual silver could be held in a bank and a promissory note which was essentially, a receipt for the deposit of each pound of silver, was issued.   It was much easier to carry these “bank notes” around and to do business with them.   If you wanted to, you could always take these notes to a bank and ask for them to be cashed, and what happened then was that the bank would hand you the equivalent weight of sterling silver in exchange for the notes.

Today, the currency in England is still “bank notes” which are certainly easier to carry around, but there is one very important difference.   These notes are issued by the private company called “The Bank of England” (which is as good a name for a company as any other name).   However, if you were to take one of their bank notes to the premises of that company and ask for it to be cashed, all that they would do is give you another note with the same number of pounds written on it, or alternatively, some other notes with smaller numbers printed on them.   This is because, unlike the original bank notes, there is nothing of any physical value backing up the bank notes of today – they are only worth the physical paper on which they are printed.

It actually gets worse than that.   What happens most commonly nowadays is that they do not even bother printing those pieces of paper.   Now, they just tap some numbers into a computer record, or if they are old-fashioned enough, they write the numbers into a ledger.   What do those numbers represent?   Nothing at all – they have no actual value, in other words, just as much value as if you typed them into your own computer – quite meaningless.   And yet, a bank or other financial institution will merrily “lend” you those numbers in return for years of your work – now isn’t that really generous of them?

Actually, this is not at all funny, because if you don’t keep paying them money earned by your very real work, then they will attempt to take your house and possessions away from you.   This won’t happen if you understand that what they lent you was actually valueless.   Take the case of Jerome Daly of Minnesota in America.   In court, Jerome challenged the right of the bank to foreclose on his home which had been purchased with a loan from the bank.   Jerome argued that any mortgage contract required that both parties (that is, himself and the bank), to put up a legitimate form of property for the exchange.   In legal language, that is called a legitimate “consideration” put forward by both parties to the contract.

Jerome explained that the “money” was in fact, not the property of the bank as it had been created out of nothing as soon as the loan agreement was signed.   That is, the money does not come out of the bank’s existing assets as the bank is simply inventing it and in reality, the bank is putting up nothing of it’s own, except for a theoretical liability on paper.   As the court case progressed, the President of the bank, Mr Morgan, took the stand and admitted that the bank, in combination with the (privately owned commercial company called) “The Federal Reserve Bank”, created the entire amount of the loan in credit in it’s own books by means of a bookkeeping entry, the money and credit coming into existence when they created it.   Further, Mr Morgan admitted that no United States Law or Statute existed which gave him the right to do this.   A lawful consideration must exist and must be tendered to support the loan agreement.   The jury found that there had been no lawful consideration put forward by the bank and so the court rejected the bank’s application for foreclosure and Jerome Daly kept his home.

That is exactly the situation with all British mortgages.   When someone makes an application for a mortgage or any other loan, the applicant’s signature is required on the application form before the loan is approved.   That signed application is a valuable piece of paper which the bank can lodge in it’s accounts as a credit to the bank for the amount of the loan.   The bank could just keep that application form and stay £100,000 or whatever, ahead, but they want more, much more.   They want the borrower to pay them that same amount again, funding it by years of work, and not only the amount of the supposed “loan” but significant extra in interest.   Why do you think that they are so keen to lend you “money” – they are even willing to lend to people with very poor credit records as there is no way that the bank can lose out on the deal, no matter what happens.

This is why, if a company starts demanding payment of large sums of money, you start by asking them to provide the “accounting” for the deal.   In other words, you are asking them to show in writing that they provided something of genuine worth as their side of the loan contract.   As they invented the money as numbers in their books with no real worth attached to those numbers, they are in deep trouble as they can’t comply with your demand to see their accounting for the deal.   Did you ever wonder how the average bank manages to make hundreds of millions of pounds profit every year?   Well, you are looking right at where a large chunk of it comes from.

The Bookkeeping

This next part of the information may be a little difficult to understand.   When any business is being run, the accounts are recorded as money coming in and money going out.   For a bank, the money coming in is called a “Credit” and money going out is called a “Debit”.   The objective is to have these two amounts match each other for any customer.   Not everything done in banking is immediately obvious to the average person and so it may be a little difficult to understand how everything works in this area.

If you have an account with a bank and you deposit £500 to open the account, the bank enters that in it’s books as a Credit.   The Credit on your account is £500 and the Debit is £0 and so the balance has a positive, or Credit value of £500.

If you were to withdraw £600, then the bank would record this as a Debit of £600 and as the Credit balance on your account is £500, the balance on your account would be £100 in Debit, that is, overdrawn by £100.

If you were to lodge a further £100 and then close your account, the bank would not have any problem, other than the fact that they would like to keep you on as a customer.   As far as the accounting goes, your account is balanced and the bank is satisfied with the state of affairs, £600 has come in and £600 has gone out, the books balance – case closed.

Now, if you were to apply for a loan (mortgage or otherwise) for £100,000 from the bank, they would give you an application form which is set out in such a way that you have to fill in the strawman’s name rather than your own – separate boxes with one of them containing “Mr” and they may even require you to fill the form in using block capitals.   You may think that the capitals are so that they can read you writing or perhaps, to make it easier for it to be entered into a computer, but the name in those capital letters belongs to the strawman and not to you.   You have actually just made an application on behalf of the strawman and not on behalf of yourself!

You might wonder why they would want to do that.   After all, what could they ever get from the strawman?   Well, you might be surprised.   When the strawman was incorporated they assigned a large monetary value to it, possibly £100,000,000 and they have been trading on the stock market on behalf of the strawman ever since, and you know how many years that has been.   So, very surprisingly, in their opinion, the little fellow is really very rich, and you have just authorised them to take the amount of your loan application from the strawman’s account.   So before the bank passes you any money, it has already got it’s money from the strawman account and entered it in it’s books as a £100,000 Credit to your loan account.   They then place £100,000 into your loan account as a Debit.   Interestingly, that loan account is now balanced and could easily be closed off as a completed deal.

This is where the sneaky part comes in.   To get the money out of your account, you have to write and sign a cheque for £100,000 on that account.   What does the bank do with cheques which you sign?   It assigns them to the account as an asset of the bank, and suddenly, the bank is ahead by £100,000 because the cheque is in the name of the strawman who can supply the bank with almost any amount of money.   But it doesn’t end there, as the bank is confident that you know so little about what is going on that you will pay them anything up to £100,000 over the years, against what you believe you owe them!   If that happens, then they have made yet another £100,000 for the bank.   To make things even better for them, they want you to pay them interest on the money which you (don’t actually) owe them.   Overall, they make a great deal of money when you borrow from them, so perhaps you can see now why banks make hundreds of millions in profit each year.

If the loan was used to buy a property, then the bank probably insisted that you lodged the title deeds with them as soon as the property deal was completed.   If you then fail to keep paying them, they are likely to attempt to foreclose on the “loan” and sell your property quickly for an even greater profit.   And to add insult to injury, if the property sale did not exceed the amount of the “loan” plus the charges for selling it, then they are likely to claim that you owe them the difference!

Perhaps you can now see why Jerome Daly told them to go take a running jump at themselves, and why your asking for “the accounting” for any loan made to you, puts the bank in an impossible situation.   If the bank then just writes and says that the “debt” is fully discharged, they still have made a massive profit on the operation and they also hope that the vast majority of customers will not catch on to the fact that they are paying far too much or even that there is a strawman involved.

Please don’t feel that you are ripping the banks off if you don’t pay them what they are asking you to pay – they have already recovered everything paid out before you start paying them for the second or third time.

John Samphier (http://i-uv.com/removing-the-veil/) states: “I personally have a Social Security number and an Australian Birth Certificate number and a strawman bond under both. In one I have 577 million U.S. Dollars and in the other just over one billion. If you search for your information it is important to enter your numbers correctly otherwise it will not recognise them. You must enter the in 3 numerals and then a space and the last as 2, 3 or 4 to open the bond. Then scroll down the page until you come to Search and log in to find the total value. Spending on the bond there may have two search buttons. Check both to find the value”.

When it is a Mortgage   the entire process is very much the same.   The Debt-Free Sovereign website gives a very clear description of the process in Canada, and the process everywhere else is much the same.   They describe a typical property sale and mortgage this way:

The buyer goes to Magic Bank in response to the bank’s claim that it is in the business of lending money in accordance to its corporate charter.   The buyer went to the bank believing that Magic Bank had the asset (money) to lend.   Magic Bank never tells its customers the truth that it does not have any money to lend, nor that Magic Bank is not permitted to use their depositors’ money to lend to its borrowers.

Notwithstanding the fact that Magic Bank does not have any money to lend, Magic Bank makes the buyer/borrower sign a mortgage loan application form which is essentially a promissory note that the buyer/borrower promises to pay Magic Bank for the money (what money?) which he is supposed to receive from Magic Bank even before any value or consideration is received by the buyer/borrower from Magic Bank.   This promissory note is a valuable consideration, a receivable and therefore an asset transferred from the buyer to the bank which Magic Bank enters into its own asset account as a cash deposit.

After making sure that the buyer has the ability to pay the required monthly payments (the buyer has credit), Magic Bank agrees to lend the buyer the money (cash) to pay the seller.   Magic Bank has no money to lend but it gave the buyer a promise to lend money by way of a commitment letter, loan approval letter, loan authorisation or loan confirmation letter, etc., signed by a bank official or loans/mortgage officer employed by Magic Bank.

Magic Bank’s acceptance of the buyer’s promissory note made the bank liable to the buyer/borrower for the full face value of the promissory note which is the agreed purchase price of the property, less any cash deposit or down payment money paid by the buyer directly to the seller.   It is important to note at this point that all real estate transactions require that the property being sold must be conveyed by the seller to the buyer free of all liens and encumbrances which means that all liens such as existing mortgages, judgments, etc. must be paid before the property can be mortgaged by the buyer as collateral to the mortgage loan which is yet to be received by the buyer pursuant the promise made by Magic Bank.   How can the seller pay off his mortgage and obtain clear title if he has not yet received any money from the buyer?   And how can the buyer mortgage a property that does not yet belong to him?

This dilemma is solved using Magic Bank’s magic tricks.   Magic Bank, in concert with other magicians, the bank’s lawyers or notaries, causes all the liens and encumbrances to magically disappear by using a cheque drawn in the name of Magic Bank backed by the buyer’s promissory note and the agreement of purchase and sale. This cheque is deposited into the lawyer’s trust account.   In essence, Magic Bank and it’s magicians, the lawyers and notaries used the buyer’s promissory note as the cash to enable the purchase agreement.   It was the buyer’s promissory note that made the conveyancing possible.   Magic Bank caused the property to be conveyed to the buyer from the seller clear title, free and clear of all liens and encumbrances.   The property now belongs to the buyer which makes it possible for the buyer to mortgage the property to Magic Bank.   The buyer paid for it using his own promissory note.

At this point, the seller has not yet received any money or cash so Magic Bank and it’s magicians must perform more magic in order to satisfy the seller’s requirement that he must get paid or the whole deal is null and void.   The seller does not even know that the property had been magically conveyed to the buyer’s name in order for the seller to receive any money.

The ensuing magic trick is accomplished this way.   The buyer is made to sign another promissory note.   The mortgage contract is attached to the bottom of the promissory note which makes the buyer liable to pay Magic Bank for the money or the loan which the buyer has not yet or will never receive for up to twenty five years or more depending on the term of the mortgage contract.   This note is linked to the collateral through the mortgage contract and as such, it is valuable to Magic Bank.

Magic Bank then goes to Bank of Canada or to another bank through it’s accomplice, the Canadian Payment Association to pledge the deal that they have just got from the buyer for credit.   Bank of Canada then gives Magic Bank the “credit”.   Remember, it is not Magic Bank’s credit, it was the buyer’s credit who promised to pay Magic Bank if and when the money is received by the buyer from Magic Bank, payable for up to 25 years or more.

Note: What happened above is basically a “swap”, a transaction all banks do to ‘monetise’ security.   In this case, the second promissory note that is linked to the mortgage contract and signed by the buyer is a mortgage-backed security.

Magic Bank will then agree to pay Bank of Canada a certain percentage of interest over “prime”.   Thus the buyer’s loan package goes to Bank of Canada which credits Magic Bank with the full amount of credit which is the total amount of the money Magic Bank is entitled to receive after 25 years which is the amount of the principal plus all the interest payments the buyer has promised to pay to Magic Bank for 25 years or more which is usually three times the amount of the money promised by Magic Bank to the buyer.   By magic, Magic Bank just enriched itself and got paid in advance, without using or risking it’s own money.

Magic Bank’s magician, the lawyer who holds the cheque that is backed by the buyer’s original promissory note, then writes a cheque to the seller as payment for the property.   In effect, the buyer paid the seller with his own money by virtue of the fact that it was the buyer’s own money (the promissory note) that made the purchase and sale possible.   Magic Bank just made a cool 300% profit without using or risking any capital of its own.   Neither was there any depositor’s money deducted from Magic Bank’s asset account in this transaction.

What really happened was pure deception and if we the people tried to do this, we would end up in prison being found guilty of fraud and criminal conversion not to mention that the property would have been seized by the court.

This is only a crime if we, the people, do it to each other, as it would be an indictable crime if we issue a cheque with no funds.   There would not be any deal, no purchase and sale agreement because there is no valuable consideration.   In order to de-criminalise the transaction, we need Magic Bank and their cohorts to make the deal happen.   It is really a conspiracy of sorts but these “persons”, the banks, the lawyers, the land title offices or even the courts do not consider the transaction as fraudulent transactions because these transactions happen all the time.

Such a contract is “void ab-initio” or “void from the beginning” which meant that the contract never took place in the first place.   Moreover, the good faith and fair dealing requirement through full disclosure is non-existent which further voids the contract.   Magic Bank failed to disclose to the buyer that it will not be giving the buyer any valuable consideration and taking interest back as additional benefit to unjustly enrich the corporation.   Magic Bank also failed to disclose how much profit they are going to make on the deal.

Magic Bank led the buyer to believe that the money going to the seller would be coming from its own asset account.   They lied because they knew, or ought to have known, that their own book or ledger would show that Magic Bank does not have any money to lend and that their records will show that no such loan transaction ever took place.   Their own book will show that there would be no debits from Magic Bank’s asset account at all and all that would show up are the two entries made when the buyer gave Magic Bank the first collateral or the promissory note which enabled Magic Bank to cut a cheque which made it possible to convey the property from seller to the buyer free and clear of all liens or encumbrances as required by the agreement of purchase and sale entered into in writing between the buyer and the seller.   What really happened was not magic; in reality, the buyer’s promissory note was used by Magic Bank and it’s magicians – the lawyers and land title clerks, to convey free title to the buyer from the seller.   So why do we need the mortgage contract?

The other entry that would show up when we audit Magic Bank’s accounts, is the other pledge of collateral including the buyer’s promissory note which was converted (unlawfully and without disclosure or permission from the buyer) into a mortgage-backed security which was “swapped” or deposited by Magic Bank to Bank of Canada and “cleared” through the Canadian Payment Association for which another deposit was entered into Magic Bank’s transaction account.

From the above, we can list all the criminal acts perpetrated by Magic Bank:

The mortgage contract was “void ab-initio” because Magic Bank lied and never intended to lend a single cent of their own asset or depositor’s money to the buyer.

A valid contract must have lawful or valuable consideration.   The contract failed for anticipated breach.   Magic Bank never planned to give the buyer/borrower any valuable consideration.

Magic Bank breached all its fiduciary duties to the buyer and is therefore guilty of criminal breach of trust by failing in it’s good faith requirement.

Magic Bank concealed the fact from the buyer that it would be using the buyer’s promissory notes; first to clear all the liens and encumbrances in order to convey clear title to the buyer and then use the second promissory note to obtain more money from Bank of Canada or other institutions that buy and sell mortgage-backed security.   Magic Bank received up to three times the amount of money required to purchase the property and kept the proceeds to itself without telling the buyer.

Magic Bank violated its corporate charter by lending “credit” or “nothing at all” to the buyer and then charging interests on this make-believe loan.   Banks are only licensed to lend their own money, not other people’s money.   Magic Bank used the buyer’s promissory note to clear the title which essentially purchased the property from the seller.   The transaction is “an ultra vires” transaction because Magic Bank has engaged in a contract outside of it’s lawful mandate.   An ultra vires contract is void or voidable because it is non-existent in law.

Everyone involved in this undertaking with Magic Bank, starting with the loan or mortgage officer, the lawyers, the land title office and even the central bank are equally guilty by association by aiding and abetting Magic Bank in it’s commission of it’s crimes against the buyer and the people who would eventually have to absorb all of the loss through increased taxes, etc.

In the final analysis, Magic Bank and the others who profited from the ultra vires transaction are all guilty of unjust enrichment and fraud for deceiving the buyer and the people, and for acting in concert in this joint endeavor to deceive the buyer.

Dealing With The Police   Years ago, a policeman was your friend and defender.   Things have changed now that Police Forces have become commercial organisations, dedicated to producing a profit by taking money from you in the form of Fixed Penalty Notices, Speeding Fines, Parking Fines and any number of other charges.   It was stated on national TV this morning that in the last thirteen years, three thousand additional offences have been invented.

As each individual Police Force is a commercial company, in a way, not unlike a McDonalds Restaurant in strategy, it has no authority to enforce anything, any more than a McDonalds has.   The men and women who work under the banner of their local Police Force have two separate roles.   When they take up their occupation, they take an oath of office, pledging to uphold the law.   That oath, and nothing else, gives them the authority to act to enforce Common Law – that is, the few things which are listed near the start of the “Legalese” section of this web site.   It does not authorise them to do anything connected with so-called “government” statutes and so they have been trained to use Legalese to entrap uninformed members of the public.   To be fair, it is highly likely that members of the police force are not aware of what they are doing and do not understand the difference between “legal” statutes (which are optional) and the “lawful” Common Law requirements which apply to everyone and are not optional.

Please don’t get me wrong.   Most policemen and policewomen do a great job and assist members of the public, often above and beyond the requirements of their job – opposing bullying, intimidation, fraud, etc. and comforting in cases of bereavement or injury.   Admittedly, the commercial companies who control the Police Forces are working hard to end this sort of positive behaviour, using ridiculous “Health and Safety” regulations as an excuse, even to the extent that police officers are instructed to stand by and watch somebody drown and not attempt to save them.   This is not the choice of the officer but the instructions of the owners of the company.

Because these thousands of invented offences don’t apply to anybody unless they agree to be bound by them, it becomes essential for a police officer to (possibly inadvertently) persuade a member of the public to agree to subject himself to these unnecessary restrictions and agree to pay invented cash penalties to the local commercial company called the “Police Force” or “Constabulary”.   The normal first attempt to establish this spurious dominance of the police officer is by him asking for your name.   This is not an innocent question and it is essential that you are very careful in what you say as there are verbal Legalese booby traps all over the place.

One suitable reply is “The law does not require me to provide that information” which is entirely correct and avoids pitfall number one, and no matter how often the question is asked, the answer is always the same.   It is also vitally important not to argue with a police officer as that is another Legalese booby trap which makes you subject to the thousands of hateful regulations designed to part you from your money.   So, only answer questions (ideally with a non-aggressive question) and don’t volunteer any information at all.

If the police officer says “You were exceeding the speed limit”, you could say “Was I?” as you don’t argue, nor do you point out that Common Law does not require anyone to keep to speed limits, obey road signs, park only where directed, etc. even though that is perfectly true.

As mentioned before, if the police officer says “Do you understand?” then your response should be “No!   I do NOT stand under you in this matter”.   As before, the question is a Legalese trap and has nothing whatsoever to do with understanding anything which has been said.

Under Common Law, an offence has only been committed if there is a victim (somebody who has been killed or injured, had possessions damaged or stolen or who has been defrauded).   So, if the police officer keeps pushing you to agree to pay his company money when you don’t need to, then a good question to ask might be “Who is the victim?”.   An alternative is to ask “What is the charge, or am I free to go?”.   If you stick to these things, then the police officer has nothing to work on as you have not agreed to be bound by statutes, you have not provided a name and address for him to write on an Invoice (or “Fixed Penalty Notice” as they like to call it) and you have not entered into a “controversy” by arguing with him or into “dishonour” by refusing him point blank.

There is one other thing, and that is, without being aggressive or offensive in any way, you must not do anything which he tells you to do because if you do, then those charming Legalese people can see that as you agreeing to “stand under” him and become subject to his “legal” (not “lawful”) authority, and so become liable to those thousands of cunning plans called “statutes”, carefully crafted in order to rob you in a perfectly “legal” way.

One thing which any police officer needs to become aware of is the fact that they do not have any security provided by the Police Force which employs them.   In any situation which does not involve Common Law, the police officer is on his own, acting as an individual and as such is wide open to action against him either under Common Law if he is acting unlawfully or by civil court action if his actions warrant it.   If there is failure to establish “Joinder” or more aptly named “pretensive joinder”, (which is where a human agrees voluntarily to represent the strawman and so become subject to statutes), then the presumed authority of a police officer does not exist in any respect and he is acting solely as an individual whose only authority is to enforce Common Law and nothing else.

Registration   Most people believe that when they buy a new car that they have to register it (in Britain, with the commercial company known as the “Driver and Vehicle Licensing Agency”).   What very few people are aware of is the fact that the act of applying for registration actually transfers the physical ownership of the vehicle from you the purchaser who paid the money, to the Licensing Authority who licenced the vehicle.   That is, you have just given the vehicle away to a commercial company who has done nothing at all for you and which does not have your best interests at heart.   As it is unlawful to swindle anyone, I would be most interested to hear any reason whatsoever as to why this registration should not be deemed to be unlawful as I can’t think of any reason or basis why this should not be considered blatant and obvious fraud, and there has certainly not been full disclosure of the terms of the contract.

The change of ownership is shown by the fact that you, the previous owner, are now sent a document stating that you are now “the Registered Keeper” of the vehicle which you have just bought.   You are left to pay for maintaining the vehicle which you do not own, and the actual owner can, and will, destroy the vehicle (which cost the owner nothing) if you, the ‘Registered Keeper’ do not keep on paying for the use of the vehicle.   Destroying the vehicle would be unlawful if the vehicle did not belong to the company doing the destroying.

The vehicle will be crushed if the “Road Tax” is not paid.   That ‘tax’ is substantial and was originally introduced as a fund contributed to by the drivers of vehicles, in order to build new roads for those vehicles to drive on, and to maintain all existing roads.   That was a very reasonable idea, and it means that all the roads in the country belong to the people who paid the money for them to be built and repaired.

That Road Tax Fund has been hi-jacked and I have seen reports that state that 85% of that money is taken for other things which are in no way related to roads or driving.   Local Authorities say that they can’t maintain roads properly as they do not have sufficient funds to do the work.   The ‘Road Tax’ is increased for vehicles with large engines on the laughable excuse that they burn more fuel and so contribute more to global warming.   The real reason for the increase is, as ever, just a method of taking more money from people who have no idea what is going on.   There is even a proposal now, that motorists be charged for every mile that they drive along the roads which they paid for and own.

That, of course, is not the only stream of income from vehicles.   A major source of income is from the massive ‘tax’ on fuel for vehicles, and it has been stated that an incredible 85% of the selling price is the proportion which is not needed for the location, extraction, processing and delivery of the actual fuel.   In passing it can be remarked that vehicles can be run on water, compressed air, energy direct from the environment, permanent magnets, and even on gravity.   It, no doubt, will come as a great shock to you that the inventors who have done this have disappeared suddenly as soon as they started testing their prototypes.   Far fetched?   I personally know five people who have been told to “cease and desist – or else”.   When you understand the billions and billions in profit which are made through selling oil products, actions like that become very understandable, especially since the people who do these things own the police forces and courts and so they know that there will be no comeback no matter what they do.

You would think that there could be no further money to be squeezed out of the person who buys a car, but that is not the case.   There are two further major charges.   The first is an import duty on vehicles brought into the country from outside and that can be a substantial amount.   The second is a most damaging charge called “Value Added Tax” in Britain and “Sales Tax” elsewhere.   That tax is at present, 17.5% and forms a major increase in the selling price of almost everything.   No matter how much your earned income is taxed, the remainder will be used to make purchases, almost all of which will be taxed themselves and the components used in their manufacture, transport and advertising are themselves taxed, raising the price even further.   When these things are taken into account, it has been estimated that 80% of a person’s earnings is taken away by the various taxes and other unnecessary charges.   Professional economists have stated that the supposedly-free people living in ‘democratic’ Britain are actually substantially worse off than the ‘serf’ slaves of earlier times – so much for ‘freedom’ !

So, what about the Driving Licence or in America, the Driver’s Licence?   Under Common Law, humans have the right to travel freely and these days, that includes using a vehicle when travelling.   The Legalese people want to persuade you that you are no longer a “Traveller” under Common Law, but instead, you are a “Driver” subject to their statutes, and they demand that a “Driver” must have a driving licence, car tax, car insurance, and anything else that they can think up.   If you wish to live in freedom and somebody asks to see your licence (which would have been issued by your ‘begging’ for the supply of one and so subjecting yourself voluntarily to their authority by doing so), then the question is “Why would I want one of those?”.

A driving licence is only needed for the driver of a vehicle which is taking part in commerce.   It can be argued that transporting a strawman is a commercial undertaking, so it would be advisable not to have anything related to a strawman with you.   It is also very important not to give your name, address or (supposed) date of birth or to show any form of ID as that places you in a position of voluntary submission by:

(a) Obeying the command of another human being (who is of equal standing to you) and/or

(b) Associating yourself with, and consequently representing, a strawman who is automatically subject to all statutes, being itself, a legal fiction and part of that fictional world.

So, if you are not carrying a passenger who is paying for the journey and you are not stopping off on the journey to sell things and you are not transporting a strawman, then you are not a “Driver” with a “Passenger”, but instead, you are a “Traveller” with a “Guest” if you are accompanied by a human who is not a “person” and who is not carrying a strawman around with him.   Travellers do not need a driving licence.

Postal Demands   Each person generally gets a number of demands for amounts to be paid.   As an example of this, in Britain there is an annual charge for a television Licence.   This is something which Americans find bizarre and highly amusing as they have nothing like it and find the notion laughable.   If you get a demand for payment for any such licence, you will notice that it is not addressed to you, the human, but to the fiction which is the strawman which has a name which sounds like your name but is not the same.   The name will be printed on the demand in all capital letters, or in rare cases will be preceded by “Mr”, “Mrs” or “Miss”, and any of those names refer to the strawman who sounds like you and which has a creation date which matches what you have been told was your birthday.   You can pay this demand if you want to, but it is entirely optional and remember that it is not YOU who is being billed.   Also worth remembering that you, the human, are bound by Common Law and not legal statutes, and Common Law does not require you to pay any form of tax.

The company invoicing the strawman is hoping that you don’t catch on to the fact that it is not you who is being billed, and so make the payment as a mistake on your part.   Interestingly, the strawman does not own a television set and so is not required to have a licence anyway.   Being only a piece of paper, the strawman can be considered to be deaf, dumb, blind and paralysed as it can’t perform any action, can’t see anything, can’t hear anything and can’t say anything.   Anyway, the company looking for the money is in the business of fooling people, so it sends out batches of letters to an area, claiming that a “detector van” will be in the area in a few days and so anyone without a licence will be detected and prosecuted, so better get one now.   This is done in the hope that a percentage of the people mailed will fall for it and start paying them money.   They may even send around a van with all sorts of peculiar attachments on it, in the hope that it will frighten residents of the area who are not already paying them.   A driver of one of those vans says that none of the equipment in the van does anything and certainly can’t detect anything to do with television – it’s all there as window dressing for the operation.   The reality is that they just check the addresses against their database of who is already paying them.

If you don’t want to pay this unnecessary charge on behalf of a strawman, then you can mark the envelope “NO CONTRACT – Return to Sender” and put it in a post box.   Any subsequent letters can be treated in exactly the same way.   As in all cases, do not have any telephone conversations about it, as verbal communications bristle with Legalese verbal traps.   At most, say that you wish to deal with any such matters by post and terminate the call.   It does not matter in the slightest if an employee turns up at your home and hands you a letter or puts it through your letter box.   The letter is NOT for you or even addressed to you – it is addressed to the strawman, so it can be posted back the same as any other letter.

Recently, Tony Rooke in the UK took a different approach. He refused to pay for a TV licence and went to court over it. There, he stated that he would not pay a TV licence fee because the BBC (“British Broadcasting Corporation”) intentionally misrepresented facts about the 9/11 attacks. As is widely known, the BBC reported the collapse of the World Trade Centre Building 7 – the 47-storey Salomon Brothers’ building which was never hit by an aeroplane but which collapsed at free-fall speed later that day – over twenty minutes before it occurred.

Rooke stated that the BBC had to have had prior knowledge of that terror attack and so were complicit in the attack. He then showed a recording of the BBC video news broadcast along with considerable additional evidence. The judge agreed that Rooke had a reasonable case to protest and he was found ‘not guilty’ by the court and was not fined for failure to pay the licensing fee.

If it is still available, the BBC news report of the collapse, showing the building still standing in the view behind the reporter, is here.

If you wish, you can take a more forceful, direct stance as demonstrated here by a letter issued by Christopher Lees when dealing with a Fixed Penalty Notice:

Dear Sirs,

Please read the following notice thoroughly and carefully before responding.   It is a notice.   It informs you.   It means what it says.

The reason why you need to read carefully is simple.   I am offering conditional agreement.   This removes controversy, and means that you no longer have any ultimate recourse to a court of law in this matter, because there is no controversy upon which it could adjudicate.   You always have the option of dragging these conditions into a court of law only to be told that they are, indeed, perfectly lawful.   That is, of course, always your prerogative should you decide to waste your time.

For this reason it is important that you consider and respond to the offer in substance.   The ‘nearest official form’ will not suffice, and consequently is likely to be ignored by myself without any dishonour on my part.

On the other hand there is a time-limit on the agreement being offered.   It is reasonable, and if it runs out then you and all associated parties are in default, removing any and all lawful excuse on your part for proceeding in this matter.

For these reasons it is recommended that you carefully consider this notice and respond in substance, which means actually addressing the points raised herein.

You have apparently made allegations of criminal conduct against me.

You have apparently made demands upon me.

I do not understand those apparent demands and therefore cannot lawfully fulfil them.   I seek clarification of your document so that I may act according to the law and maintain my entire body of inalienable Natural Rights.

Failure to accept this offer to clarify and to do so completely and in good faith within 7 (seven) days will be deemed by all parties to mean you and your principal or other parties abandon all demands upon me.

I conditionally accept your offer to agree that I am legal fiction ‘person’ Mr Christopher Mark Lees and that I owe £70 for services rendered by your company, upon proof of claim of all of the following:

 

  1. Upon proof of claim that I am a person, and not a human being.

 

  1. Upon proof of claim that you know what a ‘person’ actually is, in legal terms.

 

  1. Upon proof of claim that you know the difference between a ‘human being’ and a ‘person’, legally speaking.

 

  1. Upon proof of claim that you know the difference between ‘legal’ and a ‘lawful’.

 

  1. Upon proof of claim that I am legal fiction ‘person’ Mr Christopher Mark Lees, being the entity to which your paperwork was addressed, and not Christopher: of the Lees family, as commonly called.

 

  1. Upon proof of claim that the charge was the result of a lawful investigation unmarred by prejudice.

 

  1. Upon proof of claim that I am a member of the society whose statutes and subsisting regulations you are enforcing.

 

  1. Upon proof of claim that I showed you some sort of identification.

 

9 Upon proof of claim that there is a nameable society that I belong to and that the laws covered within any alleged transgressions state that they apply to me within that named society.

Sincerely and without ill will, vexation or frivolity

By: ***_____________________ *** (Agent)

Christopher: of the Lees family

WITHOUT PREJUDICE, i.e. all Natural Inalienable Rights Reserved

Please address all future correspondence in the matter to a direct Human Self, namely Christopher: of the Lees family, as commonly called.

Encl: Original paperwork as received.

Less than 1% of parking tickets are appealed, mainly because motorists don’t know how. Two thirds of appeals are successful and 30% of those appealed never go to arbitration and one third of tickets should never have been issued. When you appeal, the Local Authority is likely to feed you meaningless and confusing information in order to get you to give up on your appeal. They may even tell you to pay the fine and then appeal, knowing full well that you can’t appeal after the fine is paid and they may well tell you that additional charges and costs will be added if you don’t pay immediately. Their objective is to part you from your money and they may even issue an automatic rejection of the appeal and fail to follow the appeals procedure which they are required to follow.

In some cases, the Council knowingly reject your valid grounds for appeal, hoping that you will give up and pay them. If you continue with your appeal, then 40% of the time, the Council will not turn up for the adjudication and so they lose automatically.

Many parking tickets are invalid and the appeal will be immediately successful because of this. The people issuing tickets are instructed to issue so many each day that they are very rushed when writing out each ticket. Each ticket must show:

 

  1. Your vehicle registration. If this is wrong, they will not be able to determine your address and so the ticket can just be ignored.

 

  1. The make of your vehicle. A copy of your V5 form demonstrates that the ticket is invalid.

 

  1. The precise location of the alleged offence must be shown on the ticket, that is, the house number outside which it was parked, or some other exact location described. If only a road name is given, then ask the Council to specify exactly where your vehicle was supposed to have been.

 

  1. Date and Time. If these are not shown correctly, then write to the Council stating that your vehicle was not at that location at that time, and if they can’t prove otherwise, then the ticket has to be cancelled.

 

  1. If there is an entry describing the colour of your vehicle and that entry is clearly wrong as the stated colour could not easily be mistaken for the actual colour, then the ticket is invalid.

 

  1. If the stated offence is not correct, then the ticket is not valid.

 

  1. If the amount of the fine is incorrect, then the ticket is invalid.

 

  1. The traffic Management Act 2004 requires that tickets which have been placed on vehicles must state:

 

  1. The date on which the notice is served.
  2. The name of the enforcement authority.
  3. The vehicle registration.
  4. The date and time of the offence.
  5. The grounds on which the fine is thought to be payable.
  6. The amount of the penalty charge.
  7. A statement that the charge must be paid not later than the last day of the period of 28 days beginning with the date on which the ticket was served.
  8. That if the fine is paid within fourteen days starting on the issue date, that there will be a reduction of any applicable discount.
  9. The manner in which the charge must be paid.
  10. If the fine is not paid within the period of g. above, then a notice to the owner may be served by the enforcement authority on the owner of the vehicle.

 

If any of these are wrong or are omitted, or if the ticket is issued more than six months after the alleged offence, then the ticket is invalid and unenforceable. Interestingly, they will not admit that the actual owner of ‘your’ vehicle is the DVLA and that you are only the “registered keeper” of that vehicle.

The exact wording is critical and the ticket becomes invalid if the prescribed wording is not there. The required wording is:

 

  1. The date of the notice, which must be the date on which it is posted and this must be on the main body of the ticket as the tear-off section at the bottom does not form part of the actual Penalty Charge Notice. It has to say “Date of Notice” and if it doesn’t, then it is invalid.

 

  1. That the penalty charge must be paid not later than the last day of the period of 28 days beginning with the date on which the penalty charge notice is served.

 

  1. That if the penalty charge is paid not later than the applicable date, the penalty charge will be reduced by the amount of any applicable discount.

 

  1. That if after the last day of the period referred to in 2. above, then (i) no representations have been made in accordance with regulation 4 of the Representations and Appeals Regulations; and (ii) the penalty charge has not been paid, the enforcement authority may increase the penalty charge by the amount of any applicable surcharge and take steps to enforce payment of the charge as so increased;

 

  1. The amount of the increased penalty charge; and

 

  1. That the penalty charge notice is being served by post for one of the following reasons:

 

(i) that the penalty charge notice is being served by post on the basis of a record produced by an approved device;

(ii) that it is being so served, because a civil enforcement officer attempted to serve a penalty charge notice by affixing it to the vehicle or giving it to the person in charge of the vehicle but was prevented from doing so by some person; or

(iii) that it is being so served because a civil enforcement officer had begun to prepare a penalty charge notice for service in accordance with regulation 9, but the vehicle was driven away from the place in which it was stationary before the civil enforcement officer had finished preparing the penalty charge notice or had served it in accordance with regulation 9

Failure to ensure correct wording is printed on the PCN means that the ticket does not conform to legally recognised standards and so is unenforceable. For example, if the ticket refers to “a sum” rather than “a penalty” then the that is enough to invalidate the ticket. There is more detail on this along with successful appeal cases which can be quoted and templates for letters of appeal at http://www.NoMoreParkingTickets.com. Remember that the Council is doing a volume business here and is not inclined to put very much effort into any one ticket if it is disputed. A recent news item remarked that one Council has twelve million pounds outstanding in unpaid parking fines. Now that is definitely a volume business – one which is rigged against the motorist in many different ways and which relies almost entirely on the motorist’s ignorance of the exact details.

Yellow lines and parking restriction notices have to be clearly marked and in good condition for them to be enforceable. If they are not and a ticket is issued, then photograph them to support your appeal.

A vehicle may not be clamped or towed away from a ‘paid for’ marked bay during the thirty minutes following the expiry of the ‘paid for’ period.

If all of the ticket issuing machines in a Pay and Display area are not working, you can park there without paying, but leave a note on the vehicle saying that all of the ticket machines areout of order.

You may legally stop for loading in a Pay and Display marked bay without displaying a ticket.

Parking on Private Land

Private parking tickets are only notices issued by a company saying that they intend to take you to court for trespassing on their land or alternatively, breaching your “contract” with them and they are offering you the option of paying them and settling out of court.

Only the driver can be subject to any charges – the owner is not involved in any way nor does the driver have any legal obligation to identify the driver. If you don’t pay, then the company has to take the matter through the small claims court where they will be required to prove that the driver entered into a contract with them and then breached that contract. There is no criminal element involved in any of this.

If you were not the driver and receive a reminder through the post, just inform them that you do not know who the driver was at that time and tell them never to contact you again. If you were the driver, then ask them to provide proof of who the driver was at that time. If they make a claim, then they have to prove who the driver was and you do not need to prove that you were not the driver. Much more detail is available in an eBook from the http://www.NoMoreParkingTickets.com web site.

Consent   All men are born equal and so nobody has the right to command you, make demands of you or force you to do anything.   The most that anyone can do is to make you an offer.   Even though they may say that it is an “Order” or a “Demand” or a “Summons”, it is in reality, an offer which you are free to accept, or not accept, as you choose.   This is why they keep using “Applications”, “Registrations” and “Submissions” as those things give them power over you through your (unwitting) consent.   They are hoping that you will break the law by the way that you deal with their offer.   If you just ignore the offer, you are stepping into what is called “dishonour” so the only effective way of dealing with the offer is ‘conditional acceptance’ as already mentioned.   If you accept their offer without imposing any conditions, then you are accepting that they have the power to order you around, and that places you under their authority, because you have just chosen to accept their offer (even though you may not understand that you are accepting their offer for them to have authority over you).

They are also very keen to get you arguing with them as that also places you in “dishonour” and if there is a court case, the judge just looks to see who is in dishonour.   Remember, in civil cases the court is a commercial operation where the judge doesn’t care who is right or wrong, just who will pay the court.   So, we accept all offers but with our conditions attached to each offer and that prevents them taking us to court – remember, courts only deal with disputes and if you accept (conditionally) each offer, there can’t be any dispute and so there can’t be any kind of court involvement.   Some offers are “Notices” and a Notice has to be clear, concise and unequivocal.   You can discharge a Notice by seeking clarification, that is by writing back, asking the meaning of a word, stating that you don’t understand the word.   They were hoping that you would just ignore the Notice and so go into dishonour and become liable.

A Parking Ticket is a “Notice”, and please be aware that a Parking Ticket is not a bill, but instead it is a Notice telling you that there is something to which you should pay attention.   So you write back saying that you have noticed their Notice and that as they appear to think that you owe them money, you are happy to pay, but first you need some verification before payment is made.   “First, there is a need to verify the debt, so please send me a bill with a signature on it.   Also, I need to see the lawful, two-party contract supporting that bill”.   As they can’t supply either of those things, it kills the claim stone dead, so just keep insisting that they either supply those things or else stop bothering you.

An interesting alternative is that if they send you a final notice marked “Remittance”, then that piece of paper actually has the value of the money amount written on it.   The really silly thing is that you have the option to write “Accepted for value” on that piece of paper, sign it with your name and post it back to them, and technically, that concludes the matter by paying the amount demanded.   Who was it that said “it’s a mad, mad, mad, mad world”?   Actually, the payment comes out of the vast amount of money which your strawman has accumulated over the years, and your signing the document as “Accepted for value”, authorises them to take the payment from your strawman account and that suits them as well as suiting you.   There is a web site for checking how much you strawman is worth – see this video where the presenter discovers that his strawman has $224,440,000 as it’s current balance and the web site also states who is currently managing the strawman account for him.   Your writing “Accepted for Value” means that you are authorising them to take the amount they want out of the strawman account which has such a large amount in it that the balance will hardly be affected at all.

Society   We come now to the very difficult subject of British society.   I certainly don’t know all the answers in this area.   A society is a group of people who willingly join together and abide by a set of rules decided on by the members of that society.   Loosely speaking, the system which has been set up by the commercial companies who have control of Britain, is a society.   It is one which has good features as well as bad features.   Common sense says that there is an advantage for any large number of people to organise themselves together and have skilled specialists provide paid services for the other members of that society.

For example, having a communal collection to enable roads, water supplies, sewerage and the like, certainly makes sense.   The National Health Service also looks like a good idea as does having a state pension and benefits for those who are unfortunate enough to become ill or who are unable to find work.   However, those things have been subverted by those in charge, and manoeuvred into a state where these things serve their ends rather than the needs of the general population.   The collection of Council Tax is essentially a protection racket where people are told that they must pay or else force will be used against them.

While a country-wide medical service sounds like a good thing, it has been reported that the price of some of the medicines supplied to the National Health Service now cost literally ten times what they did two years ago.   This looks very much as if the people in control of that service are using it to make massive profits on pharmaceuticals, and probably many other services such as parking where millions per year are made from people who have no option but to park in the hospital grounds.   So, what looks like a sensible arrangement, appears to have been converted to something different.   Perhaps this is an unduly cynical view, but it is certainly in line with many of the other scams which are being run.

Income Tax was introduced as a temporary measure in connection with a war (and who organises wars?).   It has never been removed and yet the country did not seem to have any major problems when there was no Income Tax.   The employees of the commercial company which runs the country – those people who take the title of Member of Parliament or some similar meaningless title, spend a lot of time thinking up “new legislation” which if it can be introduced without too many people noticing it, will become a “statute”.   I suggest that the main intention of all legislation is to provide a smoke-screen to hide additional charges which members of the public are required to pay.   An argument can be that “you elected” those politicians, so you must abide by whatever they dictate.   This carefully avoids mention of the fact that those politicians have actually nothing whatsoever to do with the public, other than to give the appearance that the public has some say in what happens, while the reality is that everything that does happen is dictated by the (non-elected) owners of the companies in charge.

The payment of benefits to those in need looks like a very good and necessary thing, but the people in charge see it as an admission that the adult is not capable of taking care of himself and so they literally think of these ordinary people as “cattle” (their word, not mine).   What they ignore is the fact that their many, many direct and indirect taxes and charges, along with the low level of pay which they reckon that people can be made to work for, are the things which have many ordinary, hard-working people in the very poor financial positions which they despise.   They are willing to cheat, steal and lie while the ordinary person is not comfortable doing those things.   So, what should be a good and helpful system, has been changed into an oppressive thing which is used to force people into dependency.

While a certain level of public contribution for what are thought of as being essential services, is understandable and a desirable thing, that system has been twisted into a mechanism to enslave and defraud ordinary people.   It has long since reached a ridiculous level with the average person being expected to pay Income Tax, Council Tax, Inheritance Tax, National Insurance, Capital Gains Tax, Stamp Duty on house purchases, Value Added Tax, Parking charges, Airport charges, Fuel Tax, Road Tax, Import Duty, Tax on alcohol, Tax on tobacco, payments for a driving licence, passport, TV licence … the list goes on and on and on and additional items are added all the time.

People who have been caught in this system for many years will have already paid so much that they will not want to leave the system and lose the pension for which they have been paying for so long.   Others may well consider starting to refuse to pay some of the things demanded of the strawman – things such as Council Tax, TV licence and the like.   This is a personal choice and one which should be though about carefully before any action is taken.

Please note that this web site does not provide you with legal advice, but instead, presents facts for information purposes only.   If you want legal advice, then consult a lawyer.

The Armed Services   The commercial company which has chosen the name “The United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland”, has a large number of people employed in what it calls ‘the British Armed Forces’.   Most countries have a similar arrangement.   If you were asked “what is the purpose of these armed and trained people?” what would your reply be?

It may surprise you to know that the people who employ them want them to protect them (the employers) from their enemies.   Not too startling an idea you say.   Yes, as you say, not too startling a revelation, but what may surprise you to discover is that the enemy is quite openly stated to be you!   So, not only do they describe you as a “monster” but also as their “enemy”.

Because they are so heavily outnumbered, they are actually frightened of you and feel that they need armed bodyguards to keep them safe from the anger of ordinary people, in case they every find out how they are being manipulated and robbed.   In passing, they consider anybody who asks permission to do something which they are already entitled to do under Common Law, to be a “child” and so, of no consequence.

Let’s check out a possible scenario.   You take some young people to a McDonalds restaurant and order several meals.   When the food has been prepared, the manager says, “I will do a deal with you: you can have your meals free if you just take this loaded revolver and go over to that corner table and shoot that man dead – there will be no comeback as I am authorising you to do it”.   Having blinked a few times, you ask why you should shoot him dead when he has never done anything to you.   The manager then says, “he has never done anything to me either, but he has a lot of money in his wallet and I want to steal it, so just go and shoot him dead, it’s ok to do that because I am telling you to do it”.

Sound a bit mad?   Well, it should do as murder is a criminal offence under Common Law, and somebody telling you to do it and it is ok because they say so, is quite ridiculous.   Nobody has the authority to tell you to murder somebody – remember, all of us were born with exactly the same rights and privileges, and nobody has authority over anyone else, and most definitely not to be able to authorise murder.

The owners of the commercial company which amusingly is thought of as “the government” are in the same position as the manager of that commercial company, McDonalds and they have the same lack of authority to breach Common Law and send their armed employees into another country to kill the people there – people who have done them no harm and whom they want to rob.   All wars and recessions are deliberately manoeuvred by the people who gain financially from them.   Did you ever wonder why vast sums of ‘public’ money are spent every year on arms?   Who owns the companies which make the profits on selling these arms?   Who gets the profits on rebuilding the places damaged or destroyed by “your” very own army?   Who makes a profit on ‘lending’ vast sums of imaginary money to the country which has been devastated by their unprovoked actions, creating an imaginary debt which can never be repaid?

Since World War Two, more than four million people have died as a result of commercial companies interfering in other countries, and every one of those deaths was a criminal offence under Common Law.   These companies believe that they and their employees are above the law and so they do whatever they want.   From time to time, these companies demand that people are, without their consent, conscripted into their armed forces.   Do you ever remember being asked if you would consent to such press-gang operations?   If you were asked – did you say “Yes”?   And if you did, does it make it lawful to force the people who said “No”?   Do you ever get the impression that things are done which breach both your personal rights and the demands of Common Law?

Not only does invading other countries and murdering the people there destroy them, but it also has a major negative impact on the people who joined the armed forces, not being aware that their (commercial) employers are the terrorists of this world.   Try watching this short video to see the impact that it has on ordinary, decent people.   Do you feel that this is a little far-fetched?   Well, it was reported on UK national TV news on 6th September 2010 that ex-Army Chief, General Sir Richard Dannatt claimed that “vested interests” rather than national security had decided military spending on the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan.   All major wars are carried out for commercial reasons although that fact will never, ever, be admitted publicly.

Michael Rivero has put together a concise statement on the situation in America, (which actually impacts on the whole world). His statement is here where he says:

I know that many people have a great deal of difficulty with understanding just how many wars are started for no other purpose than to force private central banks on to nations, so let me share a few examples, in order that that you can understand why the US Government is engaged in so many wars against so many foreign nations. There is ample precedent for this.

The United States fought the war of the American Revolution primarily over the Currency Act of King George III, which forced the colonists to conduct their business only using printed bank notes borrowed from the Bank of England at interest. After the revolution, the new United States adopted a radically different economic system in which the government issued its own value-based money, so that private banks like the Bank of England were not siphoning off the wealth of the people through interest-bearing bank notes.

“The refusal of King George 3rd to allow the colonies to operate an honest money system, which freed the ordinary man from the clutches of the money manipulators, was probably the prime cause of the revolution”. — Benjamin Franklin, Founding Father

But bankers are nothing if not dedicated to their schemes to acquire your wealth, and they know how easy it is to corrupt the leaders of a nation. Just one year after Mayer Amschel Rothschild had uttered his infamous statement: “Let me issue and control a nation’s money and I care not who makes the laws”, the bankers succeeded in setting up a new Private Central Bank called the First Bank of the United States, largely through the efforts of the Rothschild’s chief US supporter, Alexander Hamilton.

Founded in 1791, by the end of its twenty year charter the First Bank of the United States had almost ruined the nation’s economy, while enriching the bankers. Congress refused to renew the charter and signalled their intention to go back to a state-issued value-based currency on which the people paid no interest at all to any banker. This resulted in a threat from Nathan Mayer Rothschild against the US Government: “Either the application for renewal of the charter is granted, or the United States will find itself involved in a most disastrous war”. Congress still refused to renew the charter for the First Bank of the United States, whereupon Nathan Mayer Rothschild railed, “Teach those impudent Americans a lesson! Bring them back to colonial status!”

Financed by the Rothschild-controlled Bank of England, Britain then launched the war of 1812 to re-colonise the United States and force them back into the slavery of the Bank of England, or to plunge the United States into so much debt they would be forced to accept a new private central bank. The plan worked. Even though the War of 1812 was won by the United States, Congress was forced to grant a new charter for yet another private bank issuing the public currency as loans at interest, and that was the Second Bank of the United States. Once again, private bankers were in control of the nation’s money supply and cared not who made the laws or how many British and American soldiers had to die for it.

Once again the nation was plunged into debt, unemployment, and poverty through the plundering of the private central bank, and in 1832 Andrew Jackson successfully campaigned for his second term as President under the slogan, “Jackson And No Bank!” True to his word, Jackson succeeds in blocking the renewal of the charter for the Second Bank of the United States.

“Gentlemen! I too have been a close observer of the doings of the Bank of the United States. I have had men watching you for a long time, and am convinced that you have used the funds of the bank to speculate in the breadstuffs of the country. When you won, you divided the profits amongst you, and when you lost, you charged it to the bank. You tell me that if I take the deposits from the bank and annul its charter I shall ruin ten thousand families. That may be true, gentlemen, but that is your sin! If I let you go on, you will ruin fifty thousand families, and that would be my sin! You are a den of vipers and thieves. I have determined to rout you out, and by the Eternal, (bringing his fist down on the table) I will rout you out!” — Andrew Jackson, shortly before ending the charter of the Second Bank of the United States. From the original minutes of the Philadelphia committee of citizens sent to meet with President Jackson (February 1834), according to Andrew Jackson and the Bank of the United States (1928) by Stan V. Henkels

Shortly after President Jackson (the only American President to actually pay off the National Debt) ended the Second Bank of the United States, there was an attempted assassination which failed when both pistols used by the assassin, Richard Lawrence, failed to fire. Lawrence later said that with Jackson dead, “Money would be more plenty”.

Of course, the present day American public school system is as subservient to the bankers’ wishes to keep certain items of history from you, just as the corporate media is subservient to Monsanto’s wishes to keep the dangers of Genetically Modified foodstuffs from you, and the Global Warming cult’s wishes to conceal from you the fact that the Earth has actually been cooling for the last 16 years. Thus is should come as little surprise, that much of the real reasons for the events of the Civil War are not well known to the average American.

When the Confederacy seceded from the United States, the bankers once again saw the opportunity for a rich harvest of debt, and offered to fund Lincoln’s efforts to bring the south back into the union, but at 30% interest. Lincoln remarked that he would not free the black man by enslaving the white man to the bankers and using his authority as President, he issued a new government currency, the “greenback”. This was a direct threat to the wealth and power of the central bankers, who responded quickly.

“If this mischievous financial policy, which has its origin in North America, becomes entrenched, then that Government will issue it’s own money without cost. It will pay off debts and be without debt. It will have all the money necessary to carry on it’s commerce. It will become prosperous to a degree which is without precedent in the history of the world. The brains, and wealth of all countries will migrate to North America. That country must be destroyed or it will destroy every monarchy on the globe”. — The London Times responding to Lincoln’s decision to issue government Greenbacks to finance the Civil War, rather than agree to private banker’s loans at 30% interest.

In 1872 New York bankers sent a letter to every bank in the United States, urging them to fund any newspapers which opposed government-issued money (Lincoln’s greenbacks): “Dear Sir: It is advisable to do all in your power to sustain such prominent daily and weekly newspapers… as will oppose the issuing of greenback paper money, and that you also withhold patronage or favours from all applicants who are not willing to oppose the Government issue of money. Let the Government issue the coin and the banks issue the paper money of the country…To restore to circulation the Government issue of money, will be to provide the people with money, and will therefore seriously affect your individual profit as bankers and lenders”. — Triumphant plutocracy; the story of American public life from 1870 to 1920, by Lynn Wheeler

“It will not do to allow the greenback, as it is called, to circulate as money any length of time, as we cannot control that.” — Triumphant plutocracy; the story of American public life from 1870 to 1920, by Lynn Wheeler

“Slavery is likely to be abolished by the war, power, and chattel slavery destroyed. This, I and my European friends are in favour of, for slavery is but the owning of labour and carries with it the care for the labourer, while the European plan, led on by England, is for capital to control labour by controlling the wages. THIS CAN BE DONE BY CONTROLLING THE MONEY”. — Triumphant plutocracy; the story of American public life from 1870 to 1920, by Lynn Wheeler

Goaded by the private bankers, much of Europe supported the Confederacy against the Union, with the expectation that victory over Lincoln would mean the end of the Greenback. France and Britain considered an outright attack on the United States to aid the confederacy, but were held at bay by Russia, which had just ended the serfdom system and had a state central bank similar to the system the United States had been founded on. Left free of European intervention, the Union won the war, and Lincoln announced his intention to go on issuing greenbacks. Following Lincoln’s assassination, the Greenbacks were pulled from circulation and the American people forced to go back to an economy based on bank notes borrowed at interest from the private bankers.

Finally, in 1913, the Private Central Bankers of Europe, in particular the Rothschilds of Great Britain and the Warburgs of Germany, met with their American financial collaborators on Jekyll Island, Georgia to form a new banking cartel with the express purpose of forming the Third Bank of the United States, with the aim of placing complete control of the United States money supply once again under the control of private bankers. Owing to hostility over the previous banks, the name was changed to “The Federal Reserve” system in order to grant the new bank a quasi-governmental image, but in fact it is a privately owned bank, no more “Federal” than Federal Express. Indeed, in 2012, the Federal Reserve successfully rebuffed a Freedom of Information Lawsuit by Bloomberg News on the grounds that as a private banking corporation and not actually a part of the government, the Freedom of Information Act did not apply to the operations of the Federal Reserve. The year 1913 proved to be a transformative year for the nation’s economy, first with the passage of the 16th “income tax” Amendment and the false claim that it had been ratified.

“I think that if you were to go back and try top find and review the ratification of the 16th Amendment, which was the internal revenue, the income tax, I think that if you went back and examined that carefully, you would find that a sufficient number of States never ratified that Amendment”. – U.S. District Court Judge James C. Fox (Sullivan vs United States, 2003).

Later in 1913, apparently unwilling to risk another questionable amendment, Congress passed the Federal Reserve Act over the Christmas holiday, while members of Congress who were opposed to the measure were at home. This was a very underhanded deal, as the Constitution which explicitly grants Congress the authority to issue the public currency, does not authorise it to delegate that authority, and so it should have required a new Amendment to allow Congress to transfer that authority to a private bank. But Congress did pass it, and President Woodrow Wilson signed it (as he had promised the bankers that he would, in exchange for generous campaign contributions). Wilson later regretted that decision, stating: “I am a most unhappy man. I have unwittingly ruined my country. A great industrial nation is now controlled by its system of credit. We are no longer a government by free opinion, no longer a government by conviction and vote of the majority, but a government by the opinion and duress of a small group of dominant men”. – Woodrow Wilson 1919.

The next year, World War One started, and it is important to remember that prior to the creation of the Federal Reserve, there was no such thing as a world war.

The First World War started between Austria-Hungary and Serbia, but quickly shifted to focus to Germany, whose industrial capacity was seen as an economic threat to Great Britain, who saw the decline of the British Pound as a result of too much emphasis on financial activity to the neglect of agriculture, industrial development, and infrastructure (not unlike the present day United States).

Although pre-war Germany had a private central bank, that bank was heavily restricted, and inflation kept to reasonable levels. Under government control, investment was guaranteed to internal economic development, and Germany was seen as a major power. So, in the media of the day, Germany was portrayed as the prime instigator of World War One, and subsequently, not just defeated, but had its industrial base flattened.

Following the Treaty of Versailles, Germany was ordered to pay the war costs of all of the participating nations, even though Germany had not actually started the war. This amounted to three times the value of all of Germany itself. Germany’s private central bank, to whom Germany had gone deeply into debt to pay the costs of the war, broke free of government control, and massive inflation followed (mostly triggered by currency speculators), permanently trapping the German people in endless debt.

When the Weimar Republic collapsed economically, it opened the door for the National Socialists to take power. Their first financial move was to issue their own state currency which was not borrowed from private central bankers. Freed from having to pay interest on the money in circulation, Germany blossomed and quickly began to rebuild its industry. The media called it “The German Miracle”. TIME magazine lionized Hitler for the amazing improvement in life for the German people and the explosion of German industry, and even named him TIME Magazine’s “Man Of The Year” in 1938.

Once again, Germany’s industrial output became a threat to Great Britain, resulting in these comments:

“Should Germany merchandise (do business) again in the next 50 years, we have led this war (WW1) in vain”. – Winston Churchill in The Times (1919)

“We will force this war upon Hitler, if he wants it or not”. – Winston Churchill (1936 broadcast)

“Germany becomes too powerful. We have to crush it.” – Winston Churchill (November 1936 speaking to US – General Robert E. Wood).

“This war is an English war and its goal is the destruction of Germany”. – Winston Churchill (- Autumn 1939 broadcast) .

Germany’s state-issued value-based currency was also a direct threat to the wealth and power of the private central banks, and as early as 1933 they started to organise a global boycott against Germany to strangle this upstart ruler who thought he could break free of private central bankers!

As had been the case in World War One, Great Britain and other nations threatened by Germany’s economic power looked for an excuse to go to war, and as public anger in Germany grew over the boycott, Hitler foolishly gave them that excuse. Years later, in a spirit of candour, the real reasons for that war were made clear:

“The war wasn’t only about abolishing fascism, but to conquer sales markets. We could have, if we had intended to, prevented this war from breaking out without firing one shot, but we didn’t want to”. – Winston Churchill to Truman (Fultun, USA March 1946).

“Germany’s unforgivable crime before WW2 was its attempt to loosen its economy out of the world trade system and to build up an independent exchange system from which the world-finance couldn’t profit any more. …We butchered the wrong pig”. – Winston Churchill (The Second World War – Bern, 1960).

As a side note, we need to step back before WW2 and recall Marine Major General Smedley Butler. In 1933, Wall Street bankers and financiers had bankrolled the successful coups by both Hitler and Mussolini. Brown Brothers Harriman in New York was financing Hitler right up to the day war was declared with Germany. And they decided that a fascist dictatorship in the United States based on the one on Italy would be far better for their business interests than Roosevelt’s “New Deal” which threatened massive wealth re-distribution to recapitalise the working and middle class of America. So the Wall Street tycoons recruited General Butler to lead the overthrow of the US Government and install a “Secretary of General Affairs” who would be answerable to Wall Street and not the people, would crush social unrest and shut down all labour unions.

General Butler pretended to go along with the scheme but then exposed the plot to Congress. Congress, then as now in the pocket of the Wall Street bankers, refused to act. When Roosevelt learned of the planned coup he demanded the arrest of the plotters, but the plotters simply reminded Roosevelt that if any one of them were sent to prison, their friends on Wall Street would deliberately collapse the still-fragile economy and blame Roosevelt for it. Roosevelt was thus unable to act until the start of WW2, at which time he prosecuted many of the plotters under the Trading With The Enemy Act. The Congressional minutes into the coup were finally released in 1967 and became the inspiration for the movie, “Seven Days in May” but with the true financial villains erased from the script.

“I spent 33 years and four months in active military service as a member of our country’s most agile military force — the Marine Corps. I served in all commissioned ranks from second lieutenant to Major General. During that period I spent more of my time being a high-class muscle man for Big Business, for Wall Street and for the bankers. In short, I was a racketeer, a gangster for capitalism. I suspected that I was just a part of a racket at the time. Now I am sure of it. Like all members of the military profession I never had an original thought until I left the service. My mental faculties remained in suspended animation while I obeyed the orders of the higher-ups. This is typical with everyone in the military service. Thus I helped make Mexico and especially Tampico safe for American oil interests in 1914. I helped make Haiti and Cuba a decent place for the National City Bank boys to collect revenues in. I helped in the raping of half a dozen Central American republics for the benefit of Wall Street. The record of racketeering is long. I helped purify Nicaragua for the international banking house of Brown Brothers in 1909-12. I brought light to the Dominican Republic for American sugar interests in 1916. In China in 1927 I helped see to it that Standard Oil went on its way unmolested. During those years, I had, as the boys in the back room would say, a swell racket. I was rewarded with honours, medals and promotion. Looking back on it, I feel I might have given Al Capone a few hints. The best he could do was to operate his racket in three city districts. I operated on three continents”. — General Smedley Butler, former US Marine Corps Commandant,1935

As President, John F. Kennedy understood the predatory nature of private central banking, he understood why Andrew Jackson fought so hard to end the Second Bank of the United States. So Kennedy wrote and signed Executive Order 11110 which ordered the US Treasury to issue a new public currency, the United States Note.

Kennedy’s United States Notes were not borrowed form the Federal Reserve but created by the US Government and backed by the silver stockpiles held by the US Government. It represented a return to the system of economics on which the United States had been founded, and this was perfectly legal for Kennedy to do. All told, some four and a half billion dollars went into public circulation, eroding interest payments to the Federal Reserve and loosening their control over the nation. Five months later John F. Kennedy was assassinated in Dallas Texas, and the United States Notes pulled from circulation and destroyed (except for samples held by collectors). John J. McCloy, President of the Chase Manhattan Bank, and President of the World Bank, was named as part of the Warren Commission, presumably to make certain that the banking dimensions behind the assassination were concealed from the public.

As we enter the eleventh year of what future history will most certainly describe as World War Three, we need to examine the financial dimensions behind the wars.

Towards the end of World War Two, when it became obvious that the allies were going to win and dictate the post war environment, the major world economic powers met at Bretton Woods, a luxury resort in New Hampshire in July 1944, and hammered out the Bretton Woods agreement for international finance. The British Pound lost its position as the global trade and reserve currency and its place was taken by the US dollar (part of the price demanded by Roosevelt in exchange for the US entry into the war). Without the economic advantages of being the world’s central currency, Britain was forced to nationalise the Bank of England in 1946. The Bretton Woods agreement, was ratified in 1945, and in addition to making the US dollar the global reserve and trade currency, obliged the signatory nations to tie their currencies to the dollar. The nations which ratified Bretton Woods did so on two conditions. The first was that the Federal Reserve would refrain from over-printing the dollar as a means to loot real products and produce from other nations in exchange for ink and paper; basically an imperial tax. That assurance was backed up by the second requirement, which was that the US dollar would always be convertible to gold at $35 per ounce.

Of course, the Federal Reserve, being a private bank and not answerable to the US Government, did start overprinting paper dollars, and much of the perceived prosperity of the 1950s and 1960s was the result of foreign nations’ obligations to accept the paper notes as being worth gold at the rate of $35 an ounce. Then in 1970, France looked at the huge pile of paper notes sitting in their vaults, for which real French products like wine and cheese had been traded, and notified the United States government that they would exercise their option under Bretton Woods to return the paper notes for gold at the $35 per ounce exchange rate. Of course, the United States had nowhere near the gold to redeem the paper notes, so on August 15th, 1971, Richard Nixon “temporarily” suspended the gold convertibility of the US Federal Reserve Notes.

This “Nixon shock” effectively ended Bretton Woods and many global currencies started to disengage from the US dollar. Worse still, since the United States had collateralised their loans with the nation’s gold reserves, it quickly became apparent that the US Government did not in fact have enough gold to cover the outstanding debts. Foreign nations began to get very nervous about their loans to the US and understandably were reluctant to lend any additional money to the United States without some form of collateral. So Richard Nixon started the environmental movement, with the EPA and its various programs such as “wilderness zones”, Road-less areas”, Heritage rivers”, “Wetlands”, all of which took vast areas of public lands and made them off limits to the American people who were technically the owners of those lands. But Nixon had little concern for the environment and the real purpose of this land grab under the guise of the environment was to pledge those pristine lands and their vast mineral resources as collateral on the national debt. The plethora of different programs was simply to conceal the true scale of how much American land was being pledged to foreign lenders as collateral on the government’s debts; eventually almost 25% of the nation itself.

With open lands for collateral already in short supply, the US Government embarked on a new program to shore up sagging international demand for the dollar. The United States approached the world’s oil producing nations, mostly in the Middle East, and offered them a deal. In exchange for only selling their oil for dollars, the United States would guarantee the military safety of those oil-rich nations. The oil rich nations would agree to spend and invest their US paper dollars inside the United States, in particular in US Treasury Bonds, redeemable through future generations of US taxpayers. The concept was labelled the “petrodollar”. In effect, the US, no longer able to back the dollar with gold, was now backing it with oil. Other peoples’ oil, and the necessity to keep control over those oil nations in order to prop up the dollar has shaped America’s foreign policy in the region ever since.

But as America’s manufacturing and agriculture has declined, the oil producing nations faced a dilemma. Those piles of US Federal Reserve notes were not able to purchase much from the United States because the United States had little (other than real estate) which anyone wanted to buy. Europe’s cars and aircraft were superior and less costly, while experiments with GMO food crops led to nations refusing to buy US food exports. Israel’s constant belligerence against its neighbours caused them to wonder if the US could actually keep their end of the petrodollar arrangement. Oil-producing nations started to talk of selling their oil for whatever currency the purchasers chose to use. Iraq, already hostile to the United States following Desert Storm, demanded the right to sell their oil for Euros in 2000 and in 2002, the United Nations agreed to allow it under the “Oil for food” program instituted following Desert Storm. One year later the United States re-invaded Iraq, lynched Saddam Hussein, and placed Iraq’s oil back on the world market only for US dollars.

Following 9-11, the clear US policy shift away from being an impartial broker of peace in the Middle East to one of unquestioned support for Israel’s aggressions, only further eroded confidence in the Petrodollar deal and even more oil-producing nations started openly talking of oil trade for other global currencies.

Over in Libya, Muammar Gaddafi had instituted a state-owned central bank and a value-based trade currency, the Gold Dinar. Gaddafi announced that Libya’s oil was for sale, but only for the Gold Dinar. Other African nations, seeing the rise of the Gold Dinar and the Euro, even as the US dollar continued its inflation-driven decline, flocked to the new Libyan currency for trade. This move had the potential to seriously undermine the global hegemony of the dollar. French President Nicolas Sarkozy reportedly went so far as to call Libya a “threat” to the financial security of the world.

So, the United States invaded Libya, brutally murdered Gaddafi (the object lesson of Saddam’s lynching not being enough of a message, apparently), imposed a private central bank, and returned Libya’s oil output to dollars only. The gold that was to have been made into the Gold Dinars is, as of last report, unaccounted for.

According to General Wesley Clark, the master plan for the “dollarification” of the world’s oil nations included seven targets, Iraq, Syria, Lebanon, Libya, Somalia, Sudan, and Iran (Venezuela, which dared to sell their oil to China for the Yuan, is a late addition). What is notable about the original seven nations originally targeted by the US is that none of them are members of the Bank for International Settlements, the private central bankers private central bank, located in Switzerland. This meant that these nations were deciding for themselves how to run their nations’ economies, rather than submit to the international private banks.

Now the gun sights of the bankers are on Iran, which dares to have a government central bank and sell their oil for whatever currency they choose. The war agenda is, as always, to force Iran’s oil to be sold only for dollars and to force them to accept a privately owned central bank.

The German government recently asked for the return of some of their gold bullion from the Bank of France and the New York Federal Reserve. France has said it will take 5 years to return Germany’s gold. The United States has said they will need 8 years to return Germany’s gold. This suggests strongly that the Bank of France and the NY Federal Reserve have used the deposited gold for other purposes, and they are scrambling to find new gold to cover the shortfall and prevent a gold run. So it is inevitable that suddenly France invades Mali, ostensibly to combat Al Qaeda, with the US joining in. Mali just happens to be one of the world’s largest gold producers with gold accounting for 80% of Mali exports. War for the bankers does not get more obvious than that!

Americans have been raised by a public school system and media that constantly assures them that the reasons for all these wars and assassinations are many and varied. The US claims to bring democracy to the conquered lands (they haven’t; the usual result of a US overthrow is the imposition of a dictatorship, such as the 1953 CIA overthrow of Iran’s democratically elected government of Mohammad Mosaddegh and the imposition of the Shah, or the 1973 CIA overthrow of Chile’s democratically elected government of President Salvador Allende, and the imposition of Agusto Pinochet), or to save a people from a cruel oppressor, revenge for 9-11, or that tired worn-out catch all excuse for invasion: “weapons of mass destruction”. Assassinations are always passed off as “crazed lone nuts” to obscure the real agenda.

The real agenda is simple. It is enslavement of the people by the creation of a false sense of obligation. That obligation is false because the Private Central Banking system, by design, always creates more debt than money with which to pay that debt. Private Central Banking is not science, it is a religion; a set of arbitrary rules created to benefit the priesthood, meaning the owners of the Private Central Bank. The fraud persists, with often lethal results, because the people are tricked into believing that this is the way life is supposed to be and no alternative exists or should be dreamt of. The same was true of two earlier systems of enslavement, ‘Rule by Divine Right’ and ‘Slavery’, both of which are systems designed to trick people into obedience, and both of which are now recognised by modern civilization as illegitimate. Now we are entering a time in human history where we will recognise that ‘rule by debt’, or rule by Private Central Bankers issuing the public currency as a loan at interest, is equally illegitimate. It only works as long as people allow themselves to believe that this is the way life is supposed to be.

But understand this above all else, Private Central Banks do not exist to serve the people, the community, or the nation. Private Central Banks exist to serve their owners, to make them rich beyond the dreams of Midas and all for the cost of ink, paper, and the right bribe to the right official.

Behind all these wars, all these assassinations, the hundred million horrible deaths from all the wars lies a single policy of dictatorship. The private central bankers allow rulers to rule only on the condition that the people of a nation remain enslaved to the private central banks. Failing that, any ruler will be killed, and their nation invaded by those other nations which are already enslaved to private central banks.

The so-called “clash of civilizations” we read about on the corporate media is really a war between banking systems, with the private central bankers forcing themselves on to the rest of the world, no matter how many millions must die for it. Indeed the constant hatemongering against Muslims lies in a simple fact. Like the ancient Christians (prior to the Knights Templar’s private banking system), Muslims forbid usury (the lending of money at interest), and that is the reason why the American government and media insist that Muslims must be killed or converted. They refuse to submit to currencies issued at interest. They refuse to be debt slaves. So off to war American children must go, to spill their blood for the gold of the money-junkies. We barely survived the last two world wars. In the nuclear/bio weapon age, are the private central bankers willing to risk incinerating the whole planet just to feed their greed? Apparently so.

Flag waving and propaganda aside, all modern wars are wars by and for the private bankers, fought and bled for by third parties unaware of the true reason why they are expected to be killed and crippled. The process is quite simple. As soon as the Private Central Bank issues its currency as a loan at interest, the public is forced deeper and deeper into debt. When the people are reluctant to borrow any more, that is when the Keynesian economists demand the government borrow more to keep the pyramid scheme working. When both the people and government refuse to borrow any more, that is when wars are started, to plunge everyone even deeper into debt to pay for the war, then after the war to borrow more to rebuild. When the war is over, the people have about the same as they did before the war, except the graveyards are far larger and everyone is in debt to the private bankers for the next century. This is why Brown Brothers Harriman in New York was funding the rise of Adolf Hitler.

As long as Private Central Banks are allowed to exist, inevitably, as night follows day, there will be poverty, hopelessness, and millions of deaths in endless World Wars, until the Earth itself is sacrificed in flames to Mammon. The path to true peace on Earth lies in the abolishment of all private central banking everywhere, and a return to the state-issued value-based currencies that allow nations and people to become prosperous.

Michael Rivero

Summary   Before you were born, the bankers operated a scam intended to rob all members of the general public.   They removed all forms of money and replaced it with worthless notes which read “I promise to pay the bearer …” (with another worthless bank note).   They then managed to do away with the government and replace it with a group of commercial companies which they own.   They cunningly named these companies so that they look like a government.   They took over the printing of the worthless bank notes with their private company called “The Bank of England” which is meant to sound like a government organisation (although it most definitely isn’t).

The next step in their cunning plan, was to get their company which sounds like the government, to ask their other company “The Bank of England” to print them lots of (worthless) money and to charge interest on that money, over and above the face “value” of the currency.   This excess interest amount is called the “National Debt” in order to fool ordinary people into believing that their country somehow owes somebody large amounts of money.   Firstly, there is really nothing owed at all.   Secondly, there IS no money.   Thirdly, the country does not owe anything, and in the unlikely event that there were a genuine debt, then it has nothing to do with ordinary people as it is just a notional debt incurred by one commercial company to another commercial company (owned by the same people).   This supposed debt has been boosted over the years to a ridiculous level which could never, ever be paid off, and you will no doubt be glad to learn that all income tax is now paid to the owners of these commercial companies.   Isn’t it great to be paying vast sums of money to a commercial company which has never done anything for you and which holds you in utter contempt because you haven’t discovered their scam and continue to pay lots of ridiculous taxes, fees and charges, none of which you need to pay at all.   Combined, these charges amount to about 80% of a person’s earned income – do you enjoy living on one fifth of what you actually earn?

To strengthen their scam, they have invented a language of lies called “legal terminology” or “Legalese” where they have changed the meanings of ordinary English words in order to abuse and rob ordinary members of the public.   They have set up a company called “The Law Society” to train up unscrupulous people in their methods of lies and deception.   Their commercial company which pretends to be the government, keeps inventing new “statutes” which they pretend are laws (which they most definitely are not) and they keep telling everybody that they “must obey these laws”, and they have subverted policeman and policewomen and convinced them that they have to enforce these statutes.   The primary aim of these statutes is to take banknotes, goods and property from members of the public who have not yet discovered that it is a scam being run against them.   Many police officers are probably themselves ignorant of the fact that statutes are purely optional and no human is actually bound by them.

Just to clarify the situation, breaches of The Law are dealt with in a genuine court with a jury. All other matters, such as taxation, bank loans, parking restrictions, speed limits, and the like, are dealt with in a fake “court” which is a commercial company and part of a violent protection racket style scam which is wholly unlawful, but enforced by violence, threats and intimidation using bailiffs and police to protect the bailiffs from being attacked.

What you decide to do is entirely up to yourself.   You can continue to give away most of your income to fund people who want to harm you, or you can decide to step outside this corrupt system, and stop paying these people.   All humans are born equal, so there is nobody who has the right to order you around, unless you agree to give them that right.   The choice is yours.

An Overview of the Historical Con Job

If this has all been a lot of new information for you, then it might be useful to have a ‘thumbnail’ sketch of the outrageous confidence trick which is being played on you. So, here it is for your local area, and the same situation is found in almost every other area as well.

It all started before most people were born. It started with two brothers deciding to run a scam which would make them the richest people in the world and rig things so that everybody else worked for them without being aware of that fact. Even though they are literally brothers, in order to distinguish between them we will call them Mr Government and Mr Banker because that is what they needed to become in order to run this scam.

Mr Government set up a very clever system of interlocking commercial companies, choosing names for them which made them look like official government bodies, while in reality, they are just ordinary companies like any high-street shop. In order to strengthen the illusion, Mr Government hires people to work for him and gives them names like “Minister” or “Member of Parliament” or some other meaningless working title. He employs most of them to sit around and argue with each other, and from time to time, he swaps them around by asking members of the public to vote for who will be his employees for the next few years.

This is actually very clever, because it makes members of the public believe that their voting makes a difference, while Mr Government knows that it doesn’t as he sets company policy, and he makes all of the decisions, and he really couldn’t care less who happen to be his employees at any given moment.

Meanwhile, his brother Mr Banker has set up two commercial companies of his own. One he calls “The Bank of England” or some other suitable name for his particular location (and yes, there are actually more than two brothers in this family). The other company, he calls “The Mint”. He owns both and so decides exactly what each will do.

The action starts and Mr Government needs money with which to pay his employees, so he asks his brother Mr Banker to provide some. This is where the fun part starts. Our trusty Mr Banker “invents” the money and pretends that he has plenty although he actually has none at all. He “lends” a large amount, say, £1,000,000 to his brother Mr Government. This costs him nothing as it doesn’t exist, and it is just the first step in the scam.

His brother Mr Government now says that he has a “National Debt” of £1,200,000 which will increase by 20% (one fifth) every year if it is not paid off completely. His cunning plan of calling it a “National Debt” makes people think that ‘their country’ owes somebody something. The reality is that nobody owes anybody anything. Good, isn’t it? Very clever ! Without using anything of any value, the brothers have persuaded people that (a) they have a government (which they don’t) and (b) that their country has borrowed money for essential services and so their country is in debt to some kindly lender (which it isn’t). Very slick – these brothers aren’t stupid !

Next, Mr Government “pays” members of his staff with pieces of paper called ‘cheques’ and he sends them to his brother Mr Banker, to get those pieces of paper exchanged for ‘money’. But, Mr Banker does not have any money, so instead, he gets his company “The Mint” to print other pieces of paper called ‘currency’ and he gives these out in exchange for his brother’s cheques, swapping pieces of paper for other pieces of paper.

What is the value of these pieces of paper? The cost of the paper, ink and printing.

At this point, what have the brothers gained? Well, they have got a large number of people working for them, doing whatever they say, and it is costing them nothing.

But, that is just the first step. Now, Mr Government takes back 80% of what he ‘paid’ to his employees in the form of taxation. After all, the country is in debt and so Mr Government has to take money from everybody in order to repay the country’s debt – hasn’t he? Why does everybody have to pay? Because his employees say so. They invent “statutes” and all kinds of charges designed to move money from ordinary people into the pockets of Mr Government, who promptly pays most of it to his brother Mr Banker as the repayment of borrowing (nothing) and interest on the amount borrowed.

Where does the tax money paid by ordinary people come from? It is given to them to compensate them for the time and effort which they put in when working. This is real money, backed by the goods and services provided by the people who do the work. This is something of real value, and yet 80% of those valuable assets are taken from them by Mr Government. Why do people let this happen? Because they think that they have no choice and will be put in prison if they don’t. What they do not understand is that paying tax is optional and they don’t have to if they don’t want to.

Mr Banker is doing very well out of this. His brother is paying him lots of real money in exchange for the fake money which he invented. So, he decides to expand his business and do exactly the same thing to as many people as he can.

He offers to lend people money (which he will ‘invent’ and conjure up out of nothing) in order to allow them to buy whatever they want. We will skip the strawman here and just focus on the actual transaction offered by Mr Banker.

A house purchaser comes to Mr Banker, looking for a loan of £100,000. This is a deal on which Mr Banker can’t lose no matter what happens, so he will approve the deal unless he has some very, very good reason for not doing so. After all, it’s not going to cost him anything and he will be paid with real money gained through real work done by real people. The deal is for 17% interest per year for 25 years. If the deal runs for the full 25 years, then the borrower may well pay back as much as £433,557 according to a professional mortgage calculator result. That is, you pay back four times what you borrowed, even though what you were given was fake money and what you pay back is real work-backed money.

But, as Mr Government takes 80% of what you earn before you get to pay the mortgage, you need to earn £2,167,785 in that 25 year period as Mr Government will take £1,734,228 of it away from you in direct and hidden taxes. And to add insult to injury, Mr Government will give a large chunk of that £1,734,228 and give it to his brother Mr Banker in supposed payment of the (fake) “National Debt”. So, the house purchaser pays several times the borrowed amount, using his real money.

It gets worse. Mr Banker and Mr Government make sure that not enough currency is issued for people to be physically capable of paying the interest on their loans as there just isn’t enough currency in the entire economy for that to be possible. This is another cunning ploy. The people who earn most will not have a problem, but most people will have great difficulty and will have very little left after paying their mortgage. The slightest financial problem, such as losing a job, can put the average person in a position where they can’t pay the amount demanded. When that happens, and it HAS to happen in a substantial number of cases, then Mr Banker tries to take the property, using some of his brother’s “statutes” (which are NOT law) to justify his theft. He may even manage to send in bailiffs ahead of seizing the property, and seize many of the house purchaser’s personal possessions as well.

What the house purchaser needs to remember is that the original “loan” was fake and that Mr Banker never put up anything of value, the purchaser was never told the real amount which he would have to repay, a genuine contract was never drawn up, and in reality, it is not the human borrower which is being asked for the repayment.

Want to know what Mr Banker thinks of any borrower?

For evil to triumph, all that is necessary

is for good men to do nothing

For example:

The Petro Dollar

Perhaps you should consider the following video at http://www.safeshare.tv/w/gQnBDHTCDs which states:

Why did the United States attack Libya, Iraq, Afghanistan and Yemen? Why are US operatives helping to de-stabilise Syria? And why is the United States government so intent in taking down Iran, in spite of the fact that Iran has not attacked any country since 1798?

And, what’s next? What are we headed for? When you look at the current trajectory that we are on, it doesn’t make any sense at all if you evaluate it on what we are taught in school. And it doesn’t make any sense if you base your world view on the propaganda that the mainstream media tries to pass off as news. But it makes perfect sense once you know the real motives of the powers that be. In order to understand those motives, we first have to take a look at history:

In 1945, Britain, with agreement, established the dollar as the world’s Reserve Currency, which meant that international commodities were priced in dollars. The agreement, which gave the United States a distinct financial advantage was made under the condition that those dollars would remain redeemable for gold at a consistent rate of $35 per ounce.

The United States promised not to print very much money but this was on the honour system because the Federal reserve refused to allow any audit or supervision of it’s printing presses.

In the years leading up to 1970, expenditures in the Vietnam War made it clear to many countries that the US was printing far more money than it had in gold, and in response, they began to ask for their gold back. This, of course, set off a rapid decline in the value of the dollar. The situation climaxed in 1971, when France attempted to withdraw it’s gold and Nixon refused. On 15th August, he made the following announcement:

This was obviously not a temporary suspension as he claimed, but rather a permanent default, and for the rest of the world who had entrusted the United States with their gold, it was outright theft. In 1973, President Nixon asked King Faisal of Saudi Arabia to accept only US dollars in payment for oil, and to invest any excess profits in

US Treasury Bonds, Notes and Bills. In return, Nixon offered military protection for Saudi oil fields. The same offer was extended to each of the key oil-producing countries, and by 1975, every member of OPEC had agreed to only sell their oil in US dollars.

The act of moving the dollar off gold and tying it to foreign oil, instantly forced every oil-importing country in the world to maintain a constant supply of Federal Reserve paper, and in order to get that paper, they would have to send real physical goods to America. This, was the birth of the Petro Dollar. Paper went out, everything America needed came in, and the United States got very, very rich as a result. It was the largest financial con in recorded history.

The Arms Race of the Cold War was a game of poker. Military Expenditures were the chips, and the US had an endless supply of chips. With the Petro Dollar under it’s belt, it was able to raise the stakes higher and higher, outspending every other country on the planet, until eventually, US military expenditure surpassed that of all of the other nations in the world combined – the Soviet Union never had a chance.

The collapse of the communist bloc in 1991, removed the last counterbalance to American military might. The United States was now an undisputed Super-power with no rival. Many hoped that this would mark the start of a new era of peace and stability. Unfortunately, there were those in high places who had other ideas. Within that same year, the US invaded Iraq in the first Gulf War, and after crushing the Iraqi military, and destroying their infrastructure, including water-purification plants and hospitals, crippling sanctions were imposed which prevented that infrastructure from being rebuilt.

Theses sanctions which were initiated by Bush Senior, and sustained throughout the entire Clinton administration, lasted for over a decade and were estimated to have killed over five hundred thousand children. The Clinton administration was fully aware of these figures.

A TV interviewer speaking to Madeleine Albright, Secretary of State for Clinton, asked: “We have heard that half a million children have died, I mean, that’s more children that died than in Hiroshima, and, and is the price worth it?”. To which Madeleine Albright replied: “I think that this is a very hard choice. We think that the price is worth it”.

Miss Albright, what exactly was worth killing 500,000 kids for? In November of 2000, Iraq began selling it’s oil exclusively in Euros. This was a direct attack on the dollar and on US financial dominance, and it wasn’t going to be tolerated. In response, the US government with the assistance of the mainstream media, began to build up a mass propaganda campaign claiming that Iraq had weapons of mass destruction and was planning to use them. In 2003, the US invaded and once they had control of the country, oil sales were immediately switched back to dollars. This is particularly noticeable as switching back to the dollar meant a 15% to 20% loss in revenue due to the Euro’s higher value. It doesn’t make any sense at all unless you take the Petro Dollar into account.

On 2nd March 2007, US General Wesley Clark said: “So I came back to see him a few weeks later and by that time we were bombing in Afghanistan. I said: ‘Are we still going to war with Iraq?’ and he said ‘Oh it’s worse than that’. He said as he reached over on his desk and picked up a piece of paper and he said ‘I just got this down from upstairs (meaning from the Secretary of Defence’s Office) today, this is a memo which describes how we are going to take out seven countries in five years, starting off with Iraq and Syria, Lebanon, Libya, Somalia, Sudan and finishing off Iran”.

Let’s take a look at the events of the past decade and see if you see a pattern. In Libya, Gadaffi was in a process of organising a block of African countries to create a gold-based currency called the “Dinar” which they intended to use to replace the dollar in that region. US and NATO forces helped to destabilise and topple the government in 2011 and after taking control of the region, US armed rebels executed Gadaffi in cold blood and immediately set up the Libyan Central Bank. Iran has been actively campaigning to pull oil sales off the dollar for some time now, and it has recently secured agreements to trade it’s oil in exchange for gold. In response, the US government with mainstream media assistance has been attempting to build international support for military strikes on the pretext of preventing Iran from building a nuclear weapon. In the mean time they established sanctions which they openly admit are aimed at causing a collapse of the Iranian economy.

Syria is Iran’s closest ally and they are bound by mutual defence agreements. The country is currently in the process of being destabilised with covert assistance from NATO and although Russia and China have warned the United States not to get involved, the White House has made statements in the past month indicating that they are considering military intervention. It should be clear that military intervention in Syria and Iran isn’t being considered – it is a foregone conclusion. Just as it was in Iraq and Libya, the US is actively working to create the context which gives them the diplomatic cover to do what they have already planned. The motive for these invasions and covert actions becomes clear when we look at them in their full context and ‘connect the dots’. Those who control the United States understand that if even a few countries begin to sell their oil in another currency, it will set off a chain reaction and the dollar will collapse. They understand that there is absolutely nothing else holding up the value of the dollar at this point and so does the rest of the world. But instead of accepting the fact that the dollar is nearing the end of it’s lifespan, the powers that be have made a calculated gambit. They have decided to use the brute force of the US military to crush each and every resistant State in the Middle East and Africa.

That in itself would be bad enough, but what you need to understand is that this is not going to end with Iran. China and Russia stated publicly and in no uncertain terms that they will not tolerate an attack on Iran or Syria. Iran is one of their key allies, one of the last independent oil-producers in the region, and they understand that if Iran falls, then they will have no way to escape the dollar without going to war. And yet, the United States is pushing forward in spite of the warnings. What we are witnessing here is a trajectory which leads straight to the unthinkable. It is a trajectory which was mapped out years ago in full awareness of the human consequences. But who was it that put us on this course? What kind of psychopath is willing to intentionally set off a global conflict which will lead to millions of deaths, just to protect the value of a paper currency? It obviously isn’t the President. The decision to invade Syria, Libya and Iran was made long before Obama had risen to the national spotlight, and yet, he is carrying out his duties just like the puppets who preceded him. So who is it that pulls the strings?

Often, the best answers to questions like this are found by asking another question “Cui Bono?” – “Who Benefits?” Obviously, those who have the power to print the dollar out of thin air have the most to lose if the dollar were to fall, and since 1913, that power has been held by the Federal Reserve. The Federal reserve is a private entity owned by a conglomerate of the most powerful banks in the world and the men who control those banks are the ones who pull those strings. To them, this is just a game. Your life, and the lives of those you love are just pawns on their chessboard. And like a spoiled four-year-old who tips the board on to the floor when he starts to lose, the powers that be are willing to start World War Three to keep control of the global financial system.

Remember that when these wars extend and accelerate. Remember that when your son, or your neighbour’s son comes back in a flag-draped coffin. Remember that when they point the finger at the new ‘bogeymen’ because the madmen who are running this show, will take this as far as you allow them to.

So, how much time do we have left? It’s a question which I hear constantly. But it is the wrong question. Asking how much time we have left is a passive posture. It is the attitude of a prisoner who is waiting to be taken out to a ditch and shot in the back of the head.

What are our chances? Can we change course? Also, the wrong question. The odds don’t matter any more. If you understand what we are facing, then you have a moral responsibility to do everything in your power to alter the course we are on, regardless of the odds. It is only when you stop basing your involvement on the chances of your success, that success actually becomes possible. To strip the ill-begotten power from the financial elites and bring these criminal cartels to justice, will require nothing less than a revolution. The government is not going to save us. The government is completely infiltrated and corrupt to the core. Looking to them for a solution at this point is utterly naive.

There are three stages of revolution and they are sequential. Stage One is already underway Stage One is the ideological resistance. In this stage we have to actively work to wake up as many people as possible about what is happening and the direction we are headed. All revolutions originate from a shift in the mind-set of the population and no other meaningful resistance is possible without it. Success in this stage of the game can be measured by the contagion of ideas. When idea reaches critical mass, it begins to spread on its own and seeps into all levels of society. In order to achieve that contagion, we need more people in this fight. We need more people speaking up, making videos, writing articles, getting this information on to the national and international stage, and we especially need to reach the police and the military.

Stage Two is civil disobedience, also known as Non-violent Resistance. In this Stage, you put your money where your mouth is, or more accurately, you withhold your money and your obedience from the government and you do everything in your power to bring the gears of the State to a halt. Practiced in mass, this method alone is often enough to bring a regime to it’s knees. However, if it fails at this stage, Stage Three is inevitable.

Stage Three is direct physical resistance. Direct physical resistance is the last resort and it should be avoided and delayed as long as possible and only invoked when all other options have been thoroughly exhausted. There are those who ‘talk tough’ and claim that they will resist when the time comes, but what they fail to realise is that if you are inactive during the first two Stages and save your efforts for the last resistance, then you will fail.

When the Nazis were moving from door to door, dragging people out of their homes in Germany, that was the time to fight back physically, but due to the lack of ideological resistance and civil disobedience leading up to that moment, even an armed uprising would have likely failed at that point. An armed uprising can only succeed if the people have established an attitude of active resistance. And active resistance is only possible after their minds have broken free from the mainstream propaganda. If you want to fight back, then it’s now or never – you’re not going to get another chance, and the stakes are far higher than they were in Nazi Germany.

Links for further information:

December 2016 How accurate is American mainstream news media?.     ePub format.

July 4th 2016 If the Independence Day chant is “USA is Number One” then that is correct:

The USA IS number 1 in prison population and 22% of Americans have a prison record.

The USA IS number 1 in obesity.

The USA IS number 1 in child abuse death rate (many being in state-approved foster homes).

The USA IS number 1 in hours spent watching TV (28 hours per week).

The USA IS number 1 in teen pregnancies.

The USA IS number 1 in prescription drug use and yet are not in the top 10 healthiests countries.

The USA IS number 1 in government debt, credit card debt, mortgage debt and student loan debt.

The USA IS number 1 in reported crime.

The USA IS number 1 for the most arbitrary, immoral and evil laws with more than 3000 types of federal criminal offences.

The USA IS number 1 in cop violence as cops kill more in one month that UK did between 1900 and 1999, more than 70 times any other first world nation and 58 times more than “terrorists” and 302 times more citizens killed than in China (USA has a country ranking in freedom of 46th with 45 other countries better).

January 2016 Arizona State Senator John Kavanagh introduced Senate Bill 1054, which would make it effectively illegal to film police.

January 2016 KrisAnn Hall, a Constitutional Attorney, states clearly how the Federal Government of the USA is acting illegally, unconstitutionally, and unlawfully – passing laws which are totally invalid and acting in violation of the American Constitution.

December 2015 George Orwell’s 1984 horror story is being implemented right now in China, and soon in America here.

September 2015 Anna von Reitz of Alaska expains the preseant situation is considerable detail on Paul Stramer’s blog. You can download all of the articles as a single pdf here.

http://www.youtube.com March 2015 – Full Disclosure by Hon. Paul T. Hellyer explains the 9/11 attack, the erosion of human rights, the dishonesty of the world’s financial system, the fact that there is a hidden government inside the American government, one which is more powerful than the elected President, and much more.

June 2016 People of the UK vote against the bankers.

June 2015 People of the UK Issue Indictments for Crimes against Humanity.

May 2015 The Internation Tribunal for Natural Justice is being set up.     Additional information   here  and   here.

December 2014 This video shows the current situation with regard to crimes and atrocities being carried out by the opposition. English pdf version: here.

December 2014 This video shows that Spain has already become a police state with no basic human rights remaining. Worse still, Britain is shown to be following rapidly with unlawful arrest, paedophile abuse ignored and an effective dictatorship being imposed by a very few people who are answerable to nobody.

August 2014 Herbert Dorsey reports the facts on what happened with the shoot down of Malaysian Flight MH17 and why it was done.

March 2014 The Bank of England admits that ‘money’ lent by them is just invented and has no actual value. The big question is ‘why are they admitting that now?’.

Rule By Secrecy – The Hidden History by Jim Marrs . This is a most remarkable and detailed account, naming names, stating events and revealing motives for most of history – a really spectacular work !!   pdf format     ePub format     HTML format

Karl Lentz shows how to use the Queen’s Bench in London to deal with cases where you are ‘the defendant’ and how to deal with child custody cases and win every time.

OUTLAWS-in-JUSTICE USA Common Law officials, Anthony Williams, Hep Guinn, and others advancing a national organisation to reestablish Common Law and Constitutional Law as the primary “law of the land” and “due process.” Additional comments

October 2013 The Irish people join together to charge the banks with their unlawful and fraudulent behaviour and to look for redress. The first case against the first bank is against the Bank of Ireland.

October 2013 World Bank whistleblower Karen Hudes gives details of aborted nuclear false-flag attack on Americans and the steady imposition of the Rule of Law deposing the evil cabal which has caused such massive destruction for decades. Part 2.   Also   and   Additional audio broadcast.

2013 action Banks, corporations and governments foreclosed by lawful action against them.

Catholic Church charged with murder, 22 September 2013.

Civil Law background information on the whole world situation, updated as new events take place and the pdf (16 Mb) recommended on that web site.

Seven Financial Conspiracies which have Enslaved the American People the facts presented in a straightforward way.

The Fix The World documentary An outline of current action being taken.   an alternative source

The latest 2013 attack on world population The most recent attempts to kill people such as yourself on a long-term basis.

Why Water, Milk & Salt Fluoridation Is Making Our Children Infertile, Feeble-Minded & Ill The facts about nation-wide poisoning.

March 2013: The Fall of the Vatican The Fall of the Vatican, the Queen and the System – video details.

Ireland’s Response: How Eire has responded to bank foreclosures, opposing house reposessions.   Relevant Responses

How To Thrive A clear and comprehensive explanation of the present situation and what YOU can do about it (very highly recommended).

Mortgages are Fake A recent video demonstration that mortgages are fake and fraudulent.

Australian Fakes A video demonstrating that Australia has no lawful Courts, Police, Customs, Parliament, etc. from http://www.truth-now.net

Important information from Michael Tellinger Clear insights into the present situation, including why you personally are reading this.

It’s an Illusion video lecture by John Harris

Get Out of Debt Free sample letters for dealing with ‘debt’ issues

Veronica Chapman Veronica Chapman’s book which is packed with essential UK information

The British Constitution Group seven video lectures

TPUC.org John Harris’ website ‘The People’s United Community’

Raymond StClair web site with interesting videos

Freeman On The Land web site with a large amount of specific information

‘Think Free’ a top video presentation by Robert-Arthur Menard of Canada

Mary Croft’s eBook “How I Clobbered Every Bureaucratic Cash-Confiscatory Agency Known To Man”

Educate-yourself.org web site with video presentations

Panacea-bocaf.org Australian web site with wide-ranging links

‘Hijacking Humanity’ a great video presentation by Paul Verge of Canada

Mary Croft part 1 of 11 video interview about her learning experiences

Audio interview 143 Mb download file of an audio interview

Michael Badnarik explanation of the American Constitution

Commerce Game Exposed the present situation explained with emphasis on America

TaxFreedom dealing with US taxes

Freedom Reigns dealing with US debts, charges, etc.

Money As Debt video on how (American) banks create money out of nothing

The Money Masters a VERY long factual video explaining how we got where we are today

World control video explaining in depth, how and why we have the present situation

The Application of Commercial Law the ins and outs of the systems of law

The Historical Background of the Lies how things developed in England and America

http://www.lawfulrebellion.org   This is an important web site with a good deal of relevant information

Video explaining how we and our children are being progressively poisoned.

Liens Website explaining a very powerful tool in defending yourself against unlawful attack: the ‘lien’ . A pdf copy of this information: pdf Cop

Robert Menard Part 1 Video lecture by Robert menard of Canada who is very knowledgeable.

Robert Menard Part 2

Robert Menard Part 3

Robert Menard Part 4

Robert Menard Part 5

Robert Menard Part 6

Robert Menard Part 7

Robert Menard Part 8

Robert Menard Part 9

Individualism   A 150-page document explaining your present position and what you can do about it.

Video (2012)   Irish house repossession stopped by the Constitution.

Victoria Grant   A 12-year old girl explains how banks rob ordinary people.

Da Costa   A letter laying out very clearly, the corruption of the legal system in Canada at the present time..

40 Outrageous Facts Which Most People Don’t Know A clear statement of the present situation along with supporting references for you to check out.

People’s Awareness Coalition The real situation explained in detail, especially for the people of America.

Government murders Presentation of a tiny percentage of the real facts about UK and world government.

Download this web site as a pdf document

One of the major attacks which are mounted against you is to con you out of money. Much of this is “government tax” on fuels which are burnt to provide energy – energy for transport, energy for heating, cooling, lighting, cooking, washing, drying, communications, entertainment, … A major effort has been put into attempting to prevent you from finding out the simple fact that we are all surrounded by limitless energy and more importantly, preventing us from finding out how to tap into and use that energy. Tight control has been kept on educational establishments, publishing and mainstream news services. Patents have been suppressed, inventors harassed, intimidated and forced into silence by any available means.

The reality is that energy can be pulled from the air, using an aerial, and Hermann Plauson produced systems which provided more than 100 kilowatts of electrical energy and which needed no input whatsoever. There is nothing magic about this, as the energy comes from the ionosphere which the Sun charges up continuously, so sorry folks, no magic, just practical engineering.

Energy can be pulled from the ground as the Earth is a vast reservoir of energy. Energy can be taken from gravity by various methods, including just nudging weights sideways as they fall, powering a large wheel which turns a generator.

Energy can be drawn from changes in inertia, as just spinning a flywheel which drives a generator, allows that generator to power both the flywheel and other items of household equipment.

Ordinary, unmodified “petrol” generators can provide kilowatts of electrical power by splitting water into it’s component gasses and then using those to power the generator. Here, the generator both splits the water and powers the additional equipment.

It is possible to build a simple motor/generator which produces far more electrical power than is needed to make it run. Robert Adams of New Zealand demonstrated this with quite small models which had a minimum of eight times more output power than input power, while more advanced models have outputs hundreds of times greater than the input power.

We are told (either tongue in cheek or based on complete ignorance) that permanent magnets can’t do any useful “work”. Dietmar Hohl has shown that anybody can build a simple rotor drum which is made to spin using just permanent magnets.

We are told that no electronics-driven transformer can output more than is used to drive it. Thane Heins has demonstrated that this is just not true, while by adding a permanent magnet to the transformer, Lawrence Tseung has shown that with just a simple iron frame, much more power can be drawn from the output than is needed to operate the frame.

The supposed limits taught by ‘educational’ establishments are based on electric transfer methods in transformers running at low speeds, such as 50 or 60 cycles per second. However, if the transfer is made to be magnetic rather than electrical, and the cycle frequency exceeds 20,000 cycles per second and especially if the voltage is raised to a much higher level, then the output power from a simple, motionless device can be kilowatts more than the input power.

There are many, many ways to provide electrical power where no fuel is burnt, and where you do not have to pay for whatever energy you happen to draw from the system. There is no need for you to do any of this, but it is important that you understand that it can be done, and there is actually no need whatsoever for you to be charged for every watt of electrical energy which you choose to use. Please download and read the eBook below. It is free and above all else, please understand fully that this technology has been suppressed for personal gain for more than a hundred years now.

Free-energy information

Or copy and post in your browser

http://www.free-energy-info.com/

2-6-2015-10-13-51-am


Historical Chronology The Original Thirteenth Article of Amendment To The Constitution For The United States

02/23/2017

http://www.amendment-13.org/chronology.html

Site Navigation To Research Articles For In-Depth Study

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The CONSTITUTION For The United States, Its Sources and Application

Historic Events

1789

June 21
The United States Constitution is ratified with New Hampshire becoming the ninth state to ratify. Article I, Sections 9 and 10 of the Constitution contain provisions that clearly prohibit the federal government and the states from granting titles:

No title of nobility shall be granted by the United States: and no person holding any office of profit or trust under them, shall, without the consent of the Congress, accept of any present, emolument, office, or title, of any kind whatever, from any king, prince, or foreign State.

No State shall enter into any treaty, alliance, or confederation; grant letters of marque and reprisal; coin money; emit bills of credit; make anything but gold and silver coin a tender in payment of debts; pass any bill of attainder, ex postfacto law, or law impairing the obligation of contracts, or grant any title of nobility.

However, no penalty for violating the Article is specified.

 

March 4 – September 25
The U.S. House of Representatives compiles a list of possible Constitutional Amendments, some of which will ultimately become the Bill of Rights. The House proposes seventeen of many offered; the Senate reduces the list to twelve. During this process Senator Tristram Dalton (Mass.) proposes an Amendment seeking to prohibit and provide a penalty for any American accepting a “title of nobility” (RG 46 Records of the U.S. Senate). Although it isn’t passed, this is the first time a “title of nobility” amendment is proposed.

 

April 30, 1789
George Washington is inaugurated and begins his term as the first President of the United States. He is a successful planter, surveyor, soldier and militia commander, member of the Virginia House of Burgesses, Virginia Delegate to the 2nd Continental Congress, Commander-in-Chief of the Continental Army during the War for Independence and was Chairman of the Constitutional Convention. Washington was also the first President of the Society of Cincinnati, in which membership was to be hereditary and carried a Title of Nobility. The Society’s main purpose was to influence public affairs.

 

1790

December 7
William Branch Giles takes office in the House of Representatives.

 

1797

March 4
John Adams begins his term as President of the United States. A Harvard educated attorney, he has served as Massachusetts delegate to the 1st Continental Congress, a diplomat in France and Holland during the Revolutionary War, Minister to the Court of St. James, and Vice President under George Washington.

 

1798

The first case decided by the U. S. Supreme Court involving the ratification of a constitutional amendment is Hollingsworth v. Virginia, 3 U.S. (3 Dall.) 378 (1798). A challenge is made to the ratification of the Eleventh Amendment and it is contended that this amendment is void for the reason that the President had not approved the amendment. The Court, in one of the shortest decisions ever made, rules against this argument. Justice Salmon Chase explains in the written decision that the President is not involved in the amendment process.

 

1799

December 14
George Washington dies in Virginia.

 

1801

March 4
Thomas Jefferson begins his term as President of the United States. A planter from Virginia, he is trained in law, has served in the Virginia House of Burgesses, Delegate to the 1st Continental Congress, drafter of the Declaration of Independence, Governor of Virginia, Minister to France, Secretary of State under George Washington and Vice President of the United States under John Adams.

 

1804

Senator William Branch Giles of Virginia arrives to serve in the U.S. Senate.

 

1809

March 4
James Madison begins his term as President of the United States. Educated at Princeton, he helped frame the Virginia Constitution in 1776, and had served as a Delegate to the Continental Congress and the Virginia Convention of 1788, author of The Federalist, Virginia Assemblyman, “Father” of the Constitution, framer of the Bill of Rights, and Secretary of State under Thomas Jefferson.

 

1810

January 18
The 17 states in the union on this date include: Connecticut, Delaware, Georgia, Kentucky, North Carolina, New Jersey, New Hampshire, New York, Ohio, Pennsylvania, Rhode Island, South Carolina, Tennessee, Vermont, and Virginia.

Senator Phillip Reed of Maryland proposes a “title of nobility” Amendment (History of Congress, Proceedings of the Senate, p. 529-530). The first version of the Titles Of Nobility Amendment (or TONA) is read to the Senate.

“If any citizen of the United States, shall accept of any title of nobility, from any king, prince or foreign state, such citizen shall thence forth be incapable of holding any office of honor or profit, under the United States.”

 

January 29
A revised version of the proposed amendment is read to the Senate. The proposed amendment revokes the citizenship of those who violate the prohibition, and renders them ineligible to hold public office.

“If any citizen of the United States, shall accept of any title of nobility, or of any other title of distinction from any emperor, king prince, potentate, or foreign state, or shall hold the same by descent, or shall intermarry with any descendent of any emperor, king or prince, or with any person of the blood royal, such citizen shall thenceforth, be incapable of exercising or enjoying any of the rights and immunities of a free citizen of the United States, or of the individual states ; and shall also be incapable of holding any office of honor, profit or trust under them, or either of them.”

 

February 13
The TONA (Titles of Nobility Amendment) is recommitted to a select committee consisting of Senators Phillip Reed (Md.), William Branch Giles (Va.), Michael Leib (Pa.), William H. Crawford (Ga.) and Timothy Pickering (Ma.), for further consideration.

 

February 15
An amended version of the TONA is reported to the Senate which includes the phrase “title of distinction,” but this language is too cumbersome in construction even for these flowery times. The phrase is stricken.

“No title of nobility shall be granted by the United States : and no person holding any office of profit or trust under them, shall without the consent of Congress, accept of any present, emolument, office or title, of any kind whatever, from any emperor, king, prince or foreign state. And if any citizen of the United States shall accept of any title of nobility or of any other title of distinction, above or below that of nobility, from any emperor, king, prince or foreign state, or shall hold the same by descent, such citizen shall henceforth be incapable of exercising or enjoying any of the rights and immunities of a free citizen of the United States, or of the individual states; and shall also be incapable of holding any office of profit or trust, under them, or either of them.”

 

March 5
Thomas Jefferson writes in a letter to Governor Langdon of New Hampshire and referring to the European governments states, “The question whether a measure is moral, is never asked; whether it will nourish the avarice of their merchants, or the piratical spirit of their navy, or produce any other effect which may strengthen them [the aristocrats] in their places.”

 

April 11
The committee again reports an amended proposal of the TONA to the Senate.

“If any citizen of the United States shall accept, claim or hold any title of nobility or honor derived from any emperor, king, prince or other foreign power, such person shall thenceforth cease to be a citizen of the United States, and shall be incapable of holding any office of trust or profit under them or either of them.”

 

April 26
A motion to delay voting on the proposed amendment is defeated, 8 to 20 by the vote. The

 

April 27
On motion the Senate votes to pass the 13th Amendment proposal by a vote of 26 to 1.

“If any citizen of the United States shall accept, claim, receive, or retain any title of nobility or honour, or shall, without the consent of Congress, accept and retain any present, pension, office, or emolument of any kind whatever, from any emperor, king, prince, or foreign power, such person shall cease to be a citizen of the United States, and shall be incapable of holding any office of trust or profit under them, or either of them.”

The resolution was so engrossed and read a third time, and the President of the Senate reported it to the house accordingly. [Journal of the Senate]

 

May 1
With considerable support both from Federalists in New York and Massachusetts, and Democratic-Republicans in the south, the TONA is approved by a vote of 87- 3 in the House. Eighteen of the 21 members from Virginia vote for it. Seventeen of the 18 members from Pennsylvania vote for it, while those from New York number 7 for it, 6 absent or not voting, and 1 against. The final proposed amendment reads:

“If any citizen of the United States shall accept, claim, receive, or retain any title of nobility or honour, or shall, without the consent of Congress, accept and retain any present, pension, office, or emolument of any kind whatever, from any emperor, king, prince, or foreign power, such person shall cease to be a citizen of the United States, and shall be incapable of holding any office of trust or profit under them, or either of them.”

The Resolution is signed by J.B. Varnum, Speaker of the House, John Gaillard, President of the Senate pro tempore, and certified by Sam A. Otis, Secretary of the Senate, and is sent to the states for ratification. Ratification will now require passage by 13 (three fourths) of the 17 states in the Union.

 

December 25
Maryland ratifies the 13th Amendment, the 1st of 13 states required. Cover letter and Resolution addressed to James Monroe as Secretary of State, cover letter and Resolution transmittal to Edward Lloyd, Esquire, Governor of Maryland. Resolution signed by Clerk of the House, Clerk of the Senate, certified by a Clerk of the Court of Appeals.MD

 

1811

January 31
Kentucky ratifies the 13th Amendment, the 2nd of 13 states required.

Ohio unanimously ratifies the 13th Amendment, the 3rd of 13 states required. On that same day, the Resolution is Signed by the Speaker of the Ohio House, Speaker of the Ohio Senate, and certified by the Secretary of State of Ohio, addressed to the President of the Senate of the United States.OH

 

February 2
Delaware ratifies the 13th Amendment, the 4th of 13 states required. The resolution is signed by the Clerk of the House, but not delivered to the U.S. government.DE

The Virginia House of Delegates approves of the TONA and enrolls the 13th Amendment as a pending bill, and sends notice to the Senate.

 

February 4
An election is scheduled in the Virginia House of Delegates to replace William Munford, as he has been elected Clerk of the House. An election to fill the governorship vacated by James Monroe is scheduled for December 5.

The Senate receives the House of Delegates’ 2/2/1811 notice.

 

February 6
Pennsylvania ratifies the 13th Amendment, the 5th of 13 states required.

 

February 9
Kentucky notifies Congress it has ratified the 13th Amendment. Cover letter to The Speaker of the U.S. Senate, signed by Ch. Scott, Governor of Kentucky. Accompanying the letter is a resolution dated January 31, 1811, requesting the Governor to communicate the ratification to The Senate and House of the United States, and to the Governor of each of the states, certified by the Secretary of the State of Kentucky. KY

February 11
In the U.S. Senate, Secretary of the Senate Sam A. Otis delivers a letter acknowledging receipt of the Ohio Resolution delivered to President Monroe.

Postmarked and certified by the Secretary of State of Pennsylvania this day, a cover letter of transmittal and Resolution of ratification by the state of Pennsylvania, addressed to President James Madison from Governor Snyder. PA

 

February 13
New Jersey ratifies the 13th Amendment, the 6th of 13 states required.

 

February 14
On the 3rd reading proposing ratification of the 13th Amendment, the Virginia Senate disagrees on the 13th Amendment ratification resolution. According to the Rules and Orders of the Senate, the matter may not be heard again in the same session “except where it may be judged proper” after conferring with the House of Delegates.

 

February 18
A letter of transmittal is dated this day from Governor Bloomfield of New Jersey, addressed to Robert Smith Esq., Secretary Department of State. Enclosed is the Resolution of Ratification by New Jersey. It is certified and receipted by James Linn, Secretary of the State of New Jersey, and certified again and sealed by Joseph Bloomfield, Governor of New Jersey. There is no notation that Secretary of State Smith has read the resolution to the Congress.NJ

 

February 20
In the Senate, Secretary of the Senate Sam A. Otis acknowledges and certifies receipt of the Resolution of Kentucky from the President of the United States.

 

February 28
Certified by the Secretary of State of Pennsylvania the previous day, a cover letter of transmittal and Resolution of ratification by the state of Pennsylvania, addressed to the United States Speaker of the Senate George Clinton from Governor Snyder.

 

March 3
Senator Timothy Pickering of Massachusetts, a former Secretary of War (1775, 1802-1803), and former Secretary of State (1795-1800) leaves office.

 

March 28
Dated March 13, postmarked March 15, receipted March 28 by Robert Smith Esquire Sec of State, a cover letter transmitting ratified copy of the 13th Amendment from George Clinton of Pennsylvania, writing from New York. The letter carries the text “The enclosed Copy…was forwarded to me at this place after I had left the Senate, and I now take the liberty of transmitting it to you to be deposited in the Office of the Department of State which if my recollection serves me is the usual course…” There is no record of the United States Secretary of State announcing the ratification to Congress.

 

October 24
Vermont ratifies the 13th Amendment, the 7th of 13 states required. The ratifying Resolution states it has been passed by the Senate and House of Vermont, and directs the Governor to send the Resolution to the “President of the Senate, and Speaker of the House of Representatives of the United States, and to each of our Senators, and Representatives in Congress, and to each of the Governors of the several States in the union. The resolution is certified by a secretary, and by the Secretary of State of Vermont.

 

November 10
Governor Galusha of Vermont sends a letter of transmittal and Resolution of the State of Vermont to the President of the United States. The Resolution is not announced in Congress.VT

 

November 21
Tennessee ratifies the 13th Amendment, the 8th of 13 states required. The Resolution also mentions several other proposed amendments – failing the Massachusetts amendment to prohibit embargoes, failing the Virginia amendment to remove Senators by congressional vote, failing the Pennsylvania amendment to create a tribunal of judges over and above the Supreme Court. The Resolution directs the Governor to transmit the resolution to “the executives of the several states, and also to each of our senators and representatives in Congress.” The Resolution is signed by the Tennessee Speaker of the House, Speaker of the Senate, and attested by the House Clerk and Senate Clerk.

 

November 22
Georgia ratifies the 13th Amendment, the 9th of 13 states required. The resolution is passed unanimously by the General Assembly, and the Governor is requested to transmit copies to “the President of the senate and Speaker of the House of representatives of the United States, and to each of our Senators and representives in Congress, and to each of the Governors of the several States.” The Resolution is signed by the President of the Georgia Senate, certified by the Secretary of the Senate, signed by the Speaker of the House, certified by the Clerk, approved by the Governor, and certified by the Secretary of State.

 

November 26
In an Extract from the journals of the Senate of South Carolina, the proposed 13th Amendment is referred to a committee including Col. May, Mr. Du Bose, and Mr. Reid.

 

November 29
A report is made by the committee of the Senate of South Carolina recommending the adoption of the amendatory article and recommending it be sent to the State Senate. The report was agreed to by the Senate, and ordered to be sent to the House of Representatives of that state.

 

December 2
Lieutenant Governor George William Smith of Virginia notifies the General Assembly that New Jersey, Pennsylvania, Ohio, and Kentucky have all ratified the 13th Amendment. He further announces that Governor James Monroe is now the Secretary of State of the United States.

 

December 3
The Journals of both the House of Delegates and Senate report receiving Lt. Gov. Smith’s letters.

 

December 6
George William Smith is elected Governor of Virginia to replace Monroe.

 

December 9
The Virginia House of Delegates hears a petition to print a new edition of the revised codes of the state.

 

December 19
The Resolution of Vermont is noted by the Secretary of State as “Read”.VT

 

December 20
Governor George William Smith notifies the General Assembly of Virginia that Maryland, Pennsylvania and Tennessee have ratified the 13th Amendment.

 

December 21
The House of Delegates Journal reports receiving Gov. Smith’s letter.

 

December 23
North Carolina ratifies the 13th Amendment, the 10th of 13 states required. The resolution is signed by the Speaker of the Senate, Speaker of the House, and certified by the Secretary of State.

 

December 24
Governor Blount of Tennessee sends a cover letter dated November 27 and transmittal of the Tennessee Resolution to James Monroe, Secretary of State. The Resolution is noted with “12th Cong. 1st Sess.” dated December 24 and noted as “Read.” by Monroe.TN

The House of Representatives of South Carolina, having taken up the Select Committee report of November 28, 1811 regarding a recommendation to ratify the 13th Amendment, postpones the matter without coming to any final decision.

 

Benjamin Watkins Leigh, an attorney, is elected to the Virginia State Legislature.

 

1812

January 2
Governor George William Smith of Virginia dies, having been in office less than 30 days.

 

January 4
James Barbour is elected Governor of Virginia to replace Smith.

Cover letters and copies of the Georgia Resolution are sent from the Governor to the President of the U.S. Senate and to Secretary of State James Monroe.

 

January 17
Cover letters to James Madison Esq and The Hon Jesse Franklin are sent with certified copies of the North Carolina Resolution from Governor William Hawkins.

 

January 21
Gov. Barbour sends letters to both houses of the the General Assembly informing them that North Carolina has ratified the 13th Amendment..

 

January 22
Letter of transmittal and authenticated act from North Carolina are noted by the Secretary of State as “12 Cong. 1 Sess.” and also noted as “Read.”NC

 

January 23

The House of Delegates Journal reports receiving Gov. Barbour’s 1/21/1812 letter.

 

January 24
Governor Barbour of Virginia sends supporting documents to the House regarding North Carolina’s ratification of the 13th Amendment.

The Senate Journal reports receiving Gov. Barbour’s 1/21/1812 letter.

 

February 6
Gov. Barbour sends letters to both houses of the General Assembly informing them that Georgia has ratified the TONA.

 

February 7
The Virginia House of delegates sends a bill to the Virginia Senate to approve the republishing of the existing ‘Revised Code of the Law of this Commonwealth’ [an edition prior to the 1819 Revised Code]. Andrew Stevenson, William Munford and William Hay, Jr. supervised the effort. Samuel Pleasants, Jr. was the printer. It was enacted because there were insufficient editions available to officers of the Commonwealth.

The House of Delegates Journal reports receiving Gov. Barbour’s 2/6/1812 letter.

 

February 10
Secretary of the Senate Sam A. Otis notes in a cover letter to the Resolution of the Senate that the Georgia Resolution and Resolutions of other states which have ratified be sent to the Secretary of State. There is no notification to the House of Representatives or President noted by Otis or Monroe.

 

February 12
Governor Barbour sends documentation regarding Georgia’s ratification of the 13th Amendment to the Virginia House.

The Virginia Senate votes to revise the Codes of the State of Virginia.

The Senate Journal reports receiving Gov. Barbour’s 2/06/1812 letter.

 

February 27
Massachusetts ratifies the 13th Amendment, the 11th of 13 states required.

 

March 12
New York fails ratification of the 13th Amendment.

 

April 30
Louisiana becomes the 18th state in the Union, but is not consulted on the pending constitutional amendment.

 

June 12

The War of 1812 begins.

 

December 9
New Hampshire ratifies the 13th Amendment, the 12th of 13 states required. The resolution is signed by the Speaker, President, approved by the Governor, and certified by the Secretary. The Resolution directs the Governor to transmit copies to “the President of the Senate and Speaker of the House of Representaives in Congress, and to each of the Governors of the several States.”

 

December 12
Cover letter and Resolution of New Hampshire are sent to “The Hon William H. Crawford Esq, President of the Senate of the United States”.

 

December 21
An order of the Senate of the U.S., attested by Sam A. Otis, Secretary, directing him to forward the letter from the Governor and Resolution of New Hampshire to the Secretary of the Department of State. There is no note that the Resolution was read back to the House by the Secretary.

 

1813

February 6
William Waller Hening is authorized by the Virginia Legislature to publish The Statutes at Large of the State of Virginia. The FULL title is: The Statutes at Large ; Being a Collection of All the Laws of Virginia from the First Session of the Legislature, In the Year 1619.

 

March 4
Former Senator Timothy Pickering returns to office, this time as a Representative for Massachusetts.

 

March 23
Senator Crawford of Georgia leaves office, becomes the U.S. Minister to France.

 

April 22
Connecticut Secretary of State John Cotton Smith writes to Secretary of State James Monroe that the legislature has received the Amendment, but has made no decision and will reconvene early in May, at which time the letter from Adams will be laid before them.

 

May 8
Governor Tompkins of New York notifies Secretary of State James Monroe that ratification of the 13th Amendment has failed. The State Senate directs the Clerk of the Senate on April 3 to respond on this to the Governor’s letter of April 1. There is no note in Monroe’s file that the rejection is ever read in the Congress. NY

 

May 13
Connecticut fails ratification of the 13th Amendment. The Governor is requested to transmit copies to The Secretary of State of the United States, President of the Senate, and Speaker of the House. The Resolution is signed by the Secretary of State of Connecticut. One copy is certified on May 29, and another on August 12.

 

September
The Governor of South Carolina sends a message to the House of Representatives enclosing New Hampshire’s Resolution approving the 13th amendment, and reminding them that no decision had been made on it in South Carolina’s House. A Committee, with Benjamin Huger as Chairman, was appointed to examine the proceedings of the preceding legislature. Both the Select Committee report of November 28, 1811, and the Resolution from the U.S. Congress were ordered to lie on the table, and no further action was taken. The Committee examining the previous proceedings recommends that that out of respect for Congress and the other states, the amendment should be disposed of in the current session, and further that it should be rejected. The committee explains that it feels Congress is already empowered to refuse permission to individuals to accept presents from foreign powers and has done so, and that the new amendment might later lead to negative consequences presently unforeseen. This report was ordered to be considered on the following Thursday, but nothing was done again.

 

Benjamin Watkins Leigh leaves the Virginia State Legislature.

 

1814

January 26
The Virginia House of Delegates receives word of a new constitutional amendment proposed by Tennessee.

 

February 14
Senator Lieb of Pennsylvania leaves office.

 

August 3
The Resolution of February 2, 1812 in the State of Delaware to ratify the 13th Amendment is certified again by the Clerk of the House of that state.

 

August 24
The British army sets fire to the public buildings of Washington and the Library of Congress, destroying many of the journals of the U.S. House of Representatives

 

August 29
The Resolution of February 2, 1812 in the State of Delaware to ratify the 13th Amendment is certified by the Secretary of State of Delaware, and transmitted to United States Secretary of State James Monroe. There is no record of Monroe informing Congress of such a receipt as he had done with Kentucky and Ohio, but the resolution is apparently found in his office later. DE

 

September 15
Rhode Island rejects the 13th Amendment.

 

September 21
The news of rejection by Rhode Island is sent by Governor Janes to Secretary of State James Monroe. The rejection is noted by Adams, but there is no notation that the rejection was read to Congress. RI

 

October 17
Governor Joseph Alston of South Carolina sends a letter to the Secretary of State of the United States enclosing copies of the proceedings of the state Senate, and informing him that in South Carolina, “the question of adoption or rejection, on the proposed amendment, has never been taken by this state.” The Secretary then notes receipt of the proceedings this date and marks the amendment as “Not finally acted upon”.SC

 

November 10
Wilson Cary Nicholas is elected Governor of the Commonwealth of Virginia.

 

December 21
South Carolina tables the proposed 13th Amendment.

 

December 24

Treaty of Ghent is signed,
officially ending the War of 1812.

 

December 26
The Virginia House receives a resolution on an amendment from Pennsylvania which would reduce the term of U.S. Senators from 6 years to 4 years.

 

1815

January 2
Governor James Barbour of Virginia is elected to the United States Senate.

 

January 8
The Battle Of New Orleans, the last important action on land, concludes war in the field, the British retreating to their shipping. Action continued at sea, the Constitution capturing the Cyane and the Levant off the island of Madeira in February, and in March the American brig Hornet captured the British brig Penguin off the coast of Brazil.

 

March 3
Senator Giles of Virginia leaves office.

 

December 5
Governor Nicholas of Virginia sends a letter to the House of Delegates regarding proceedings in several states on a series of newly proposed constitutional amendments.

 

December 6
Supporting documents for Virginia Governor Nicholas’ letter of December 5 are read in the House and ordered to lie on the table.

 

December 7
Thomas Ritchie is voted Printer to the Commonwealth of Virginia for 1 year.

 

Congress awards a contract to print the collected federal laws to Philadelphia publisher Bioren & Duane. In the introduction there is a caveat that the proposed 13th Amendment (the TONA) was, at the time of printing, not yet adopted into the Constitution but it could accumulate the requisite number of ratifications any day. This is noted about 60 pages removed from the text of the proposal itself, which is simply captioned 13th Amendment and immediately follows the 12th Amendment. The two are separated from the main text of the Constitution and the Bill of Rights in this printing. At this time, 12 of the 13 necessary states have already ratified the 13th Amendment.

 

1816

February 16
Virginia House rejects 7 new constitutional amendments which have been proposed by other states. The original 13th Amendment is not included in the vote. Governor Nicholas orders word of the vote sent to the U.S. Congress members from Virginia, and to the governors of every state.

 

November 12
Thomas Ritchie, official Printer to the Commonwealth of Virginia, is ordered henceforth to send 4 copies of the House Journals to every county, 1 copy to every county clerk, and 1 copy to every court in the state. Ritchie is given a non-voting seat in the House, in order to take detailed notes of the Debates.

 

December 11
Indiana becomes the 19th state, but is not consulted regarding the pending amendment.

 

Secretary of War William H. Crawford becomes Secretary of the Treasury, serving under both Presidents Madison and Monroe.

 

1817

February 15
Authorized by an Act of the Virginia Legislature, the complete revision of the State’s laws are entrusted to five of Virginia’s most respected lawyers and legal scholars: Judge William Brockenbrough of the Virginia general and circuit courts, Benjamin Watkins Leigh – attorney and prominent Virginia legislator, Judge Robert White of the Superior Court of Law, District of Virginia, Justice Spencer Roane and Justice John Coalter of the Virginia Supreme Court of Appeals.

 

March 3
Timothy Pickering, Representative of Massachusetts, leaves office for the last time.

 

March 4
James Monroe begins his term as President of the United States. An attorney from Virginia, he has served in the Revolutionary War, studied law under the careful hand of Jefferson, Senator from Virginia in 1790 and Minister to France in 1794. He chooses John Quincy Adams as his Secretary of State.

 

March 19
Senator Phillip Reed, who proposed the 13th Amendment, returns to Congress to serve again.

 

December 10
Mississippi becomes the 20th state. Prior to that, it had been a territory since 1798. The new state is not consulted on the pending 13th Amendment.

 

December 31
U.S. House of Representatives accepts the resolve of Representative Edwards of North Carolina that President Monroe inquire into the ratification status of the 13th Amendment. [See Resolve] Congress further resolves, on the suggestion of Representative Johnson from Kentucky, to print the present laws to all the states and territories, but in no more than 6 newspapers. [See Resolve]

 

1818

January 2
President Monroe requests that Secretary of State Adams ask the governors of Virginia, South Carolina, and Connecticut as to the status of the 13th Amendment in their respective States. The four new States (Louisiana, Indiana, Mississippi, and Illinois) that were added to the Union between 1810 and 1818 are not included in Monroe’s order.

 

January 7
A Circular letter from the journal of John Quincy Adams, Secretary of State, is sent to the Governors of the three States from which information had not been received. The recently added States of Louisiana, Indiana and Mississippi and Illinois are not mentioned.

 

January 22
Connecticut Secretary of State Thomas Day sends copies of the Connecticut failure resolution to Secretary of State John Quincy Adams. There is no note in Adams’ records as to whether the original Resolution was ever received, though he now has a copy of it. Adams notes the failure, but does not note whether the result is read to Congress. CT

 

January 28
Mr. Johnson, of the Virginia Senate oversight committee to review enrolled bills, reports to the Senate on the progress, due diligence and consideration, and judicious course to be followed in the revision of the laws of Virginia. [See Report]

 

February 3
Secretary of State John Quincy Adams sends a two page report to the U.S. House of Representatives. Adams states that 12 States have ratified Article XIII, three States have rejected it, and he has no information from South Carolina and Virginia. Adams was only concerned with the seventeen states who had participated in the initial process under Article V of the Constitution. He does not report with regard to Louisiana, Illinois, Indiana or Mississippi, and clearly, does not consider them a part of the process.

 

February 4
Pursuant to a Resolution of the House, James Monroe makes inquiries of ratification of the 13th Amendment by South Carolina and Virginia. “…I transmit to the house a detailed report from the secretary of state, which contains all the information that has been received upon that subject.” (CIS U.S. Serial Set Index – Misc. 446 (15-1) ASP038)]

 

February 6
President Monroe reports to the House that the Secretary of State Adams has written to the governors of Virginia, Connecticut, and South Carolina to tell them that the proposed Amendment has been ratified by twelve States and rejected by two (New York and Rhode Island), and has asked the governors to notify him of their legislature’s position. (House Document No. 76) [House Journal]

 

February 27
A letter is sent from President Monroe to the House of Representatives concerning South Carolina’s failure to ratify the 13th Amendment. [House Journal]

 

February 28
Secretary of State Adams reports the rejection of the Amendment by South Carolina (House Doc. No. 129). (It had not been rejected, but tabled with no action taken.)

 

March 21
A letter from John Quincy Adams, Secretary of State to Charles Buck, states in part, “Upon a return from the Executive of Virginia, for which application has been made by this Dept. it will be known with precision what is the fate of the proposed amendment, and no time will be lost in communicating it to you.”

 

March 24
Pennsylvania publishes the 13th Amendment in the Digest of the Laws of Pennsylvania. [Image 1], [Image 2]

 

Missouri publishes the 13th Amendment in the Digest of the Laws of Missouri Territory. [Image 1], [Image 2]

 

April 20
The Fifteenth Congress passes an act [Chapter LXXX] to provide for the publication of the laws of the United States, requiring the Secretary of State to publish notification, with his certificate, that any amendment which heretofore has been, or hereafter may be, proposed to the constitution of the United States, has been adopted, according to the provisions of the constitution and that the amendment has become valid as a part of the constitution of the United States. The notification is to specify the states which have adopted the amendment.

 

April 25
The Niles Register, a Baltimore newspaper published by H. Niles of Baltimore, carries an article forwarded by the National Intelligencer. Congress being out of session at that time, Mr. Niles took the opportunity to review much of the congressional business that had taken place prior to the publication date. An article appears stating that, while everyone believed the 13th Amendment had been duly ratified, and although Congress had already printed an edition of the Constitution which included the amendment, South Carolina had failed to ratify, and therefore the amendment was not law after all. No mention is made of Virginia.

 

December 3
Illinois becomes the 21st state, but is not consulted regarding the pending 13th amendment.

 

Congress contracts a Philadelphia printer to make pocket editions of the US Constitution. This printer includes the original 13th Amendment. The House passes a resolution asking President Monroe to report back if the TONA has actually been adopted. Monroe passes the project over to his Sec. of State, John Quincy Adams.

 

1819

January 2
Thomas Ritchie is elected by both houses of the legislature as Printer to the Commonwealth of Virginia. It is reported that the revision of the laws is proceeding rapidly.

 

March 3
Senator Phillip Reed of Maryland leaves office for the second time.

 

March 6
Magill brings a bill on the Revised Laws of Virginia before the legislature.

 

March 10
The Virginia legislature passes Act No. 280 (Virginia archives of Richmond, “misc.” file, p. 299 for micro-film):
“Be it enacted by the General Assembly, that there shall be published an edition of the Laws of this Commonwealth in which shall be contained the following matters, that is to say; the Constitution of the United States and the amendments thereto. …” VA Act 280

 

March 12
The Richmond Enquirer, published by Thomas Ritchie, official Printer to the Commonwealth, announces that for the first time, the complete laws of the State of Virginia are available as a compact publication in 2 volumes, edited by B. W. Leigh. The State has ordered 4,000 volumes for the use of its officers, judges and magistrates at a cost of $6 each.

The 13th Amendment’s official date of ratification, March 12, 1819, the date of re-publication of the Virginia Civil Code: 10 copies are designated for the executive branch of Virginia, 5 copies for the Clerk of the general assembly, and 4 copies for the Secretary of State of the United States; 1 copy each for Thomas Jefferson, James Madison, and President James Monroe; 1 copy each for the U.S. Senate, House, and Library of Congress, and 1 copy for every judge in the courts of Virginia. [Ch.XVIII] [Image]

 

Ohio publishes the 13th Amendment. It also appears in a private printing in North Carolina. [NC Image 1], [NC Image 2]

 

Secretary of State John Quincy Adams reports twice to Congress during the year that not quite enough states have ratified the proposal to accomplish its adoption.

 

1820

February 24
Virginia’s General Assembly passes an act [Ch. XVIII] requiring the governor to transmit four copies of several different editions of Virginia’s laws, for the year 1792 and specific later years, including the session laws for both 1818 and 1819; i.e., the two volume set of Virginia’s 1819 Revised Code to the U.S. State Department.   Thus, the Federal Government receives formal notification from Virginia that it had ratified the Titles of Nobility Amendment. [At least one of these two volume sets sent to the State Department, and notated as received 29 August 1821, is still in the possession of the Library of Congress. VA1819 Images]

 

Sufficient copies of the Revised Code have been printed to make it available for public sale, and it is advertised as such in a Richmond newspaper. Research conducted on this subject indicates that at least six or seven other Virginia newspapers also carry advertisements for the new Code.

 

March 15
Maine becomes the 23rd state. Until then, it had been the District of Maine, attached to Massachusetts.

 

1821

August 10
Missouri becomes the 24th state. Prior to that, it was a territory called the Missouri Country.

 

Connecticut, having previously refused to ratify the amendment, publishes the 13th Amendment in the Statute Laws. [CN Image 1], [ CN Image 2]
North Carolina also publishes the 13th. [NC Image 1], [NC Image 2]

 

Thomas Jefferson, framer of the Constitution, writes to Judge Spencer Roane, editor of the Virginia Statutes in a continuing correspondence, “Time indeed changes manners and notions, and so far we must expect institutions to bend to them. But time produces also corruption of principles, and against this it is the duty of good citizens to be ever on the watch, and if the gangrene is to prevail at last, let the day be kept off as long as possible.”

 

1822

March 19
Senator Phillip Reed of Maryland takes office for the third time since proposing the 13th amendment.

 

April 22
Governor Thomas Randolph of Virginia sends a letter to Governor John Adair of Kentucky recommending Benjamin Watkins Leigh as advisor for the revision of the Statute Law of Kentucky. Leigh subsequently becomes advisor to the editors of the revision.

 

Kentucky and Rhode Island (which state had previously rejected the amendment) publish the new Amendment.
[KY Image 1], [KY Image 2], [RI Image 1], [RI Image 2]

 

1823

March 3
Senator Reed leaves office for the 3rd and final time before his death.

Massachusetts, Mississipi, Illinois, and the Territory of Florida publish the 13th Amendment. [MA Image 1], [MA Image 2], [MS Image 1], [MS Image 2], [IL Image 1], [IL Image 2], [FL Image 1], [FL Image 2]

 

1824

The TONA appears in the State Law books of Mississippi. No protest at being left out of the ratification process is noted. [MS Image 1], [MS Image 2]

 

Ohio, Pennsylvania, Indiana, and Connecticut publish the 13th Amendment. [OH Image 1], [OH Image 2], [PA Image 1], [PA Image 2], [IN Image 1], [IN Image 2], [CN Image 1], [CN Image 2]

 

Secretary of the Treasury William Crawford of Georgia runs for President.

 

Dec 24, 1824
Major Trueman Cross, Deputy Quarter-Master-General of the Army, requests authorization from Secretary of War John C. Calhoun to compile and publish the “Military Laws of the United States to which is prefixed the Constitution of the United States” See Request for Authorization

Dec 30, 1824
John C. Calhoun, Secretary of War under President James Monroe, approves the publication of “Military Laws of the United States to which is prefixed the Constitution of the United States” — See Authorization Approval and 1825 publication notation.

 

1825

January 13
Journal of the Senate of the United States of America Volume 14, Page 86 of 336 (Thursday, January 13, 1825.)

Mr. Holmes, of Maine, submitted the following motion for consideration: Resolved, That the Committee on the Library be instructed to furnish to each of the standing committees a full set of the laws of the United States, suitably marked and lettered, to designate the committee to whom each set belongs; the same to be deposited in the Library during the recess of Congress.

Mr. Chandler submitted the following motions for consideration: Resolved, That the Secretary of War be directed to cause to be made, and laid before the Senate, as soon as may be, an abstract of the rules and regulations for the field exercise and manoeuvres of the infantry, and the general regulations for the army which is observed and practiced upon by the army of the United States, in such a manner as shall be best adapted to the use of the militia of the United States. See Dec 24. 1824

January 17
Journal of the Senate of the United States of America Volume 14, Page 92 of 336 (Monday, January 17, 1825)

The Senate proceeded to consider the motions of the 13th instant, directing the Secretary of War to lay before the Senate an abstract of the rules and regulations of the army, and a report of the divisions, brigades, regiments, battalions, and companies of militia; and agreed thereto. See 1825 publication notation.

March 4
John Quincy Adams begins his term as President of the United States. Son of former President John Adams, he personally witnessed the Battle of Bunker Hill. Educated at Harvard as an attorney, he served as secretary to his father in Europe, Minister to Holland, member of the Berlin Legation, then the U.S. Senate in 1802, Minister to Russia in 1808, and in the U.S. House of Representatives in 1830. He also served as Secretary of State to James Monroe.

 

William Munford, joint editor of the Revised Virginia Codes (Statutes at Large) dies.

 

Missouri, Maine, Louisiana and the Territory of Florida publish the 13th Amendment. [MO Image 1], [MO Image 2], [ME Image 1], [ME Image 2], [LA Image 1], [LA Image 2], [FL Image 1], [FL Image 2]

 

Maine orders 10,000 copies of the Constitution with the 13th Amendment to be printed for use in the schools

 

The “Military Laws of the United States to which is prefixed the Constitution of the United States”, authorized by Secretary of War John C. Calhoun, is published. It contains the 13th Amendment in its proper place.[Frontis Page], [Request for Authorization], [Authorization by JCC], [Image of Page 14, Amendments 1 – VI], [Image of Page 15, Amendments VI – XII], [Image of XII(Cont) and XIII]

Of note also, the 2nd Amendment is properly presented as ratified and as shown in all presentations until after the time of the Civil War and Reconstruction, without the extra commas after the words “Militia” and “Arms” The only source properly presented today is that for the United States Senate on the United States Government Printing Office site at http://www.access.gpo.gov/congress/senate/constitution/amdt2.html

[Image of Page 14, Article II]

 

1826

July 4, 1826
John Adams and Thomas Jefferson both die on this day, the Fiftieth Anniversary of the signing of the Declaration of Independence.

 

1827

Michigan and Illinois publish the 13th Amendment. [MI Image 1], [MI Image 2], [IL Image 1], [IL Image 2],

 

1828

North Carolina publishes the 13th Amendment.

 

William Waller Hening, official compiler and editor of the Virginia Statutes at Large dies.

 

1829

January 29

Timothy Pickering, former Secretary of War, Secretary of State, Senator and Representative for Massachusetts dies.

 

March 4
Andrew Jackson begins his term as President of the United States. An attorney from Tennessee, he was the first Representive from Tennessee in Congress, later served in the Senate, and was a Major General in the War of 1812.

 

November 2
Phillip Reed, who proposed the TONA Amendment to Congress in 1810, dies. He had served from March of 1806 to March of 1813, again from March 4 of 1817 to March 3 of 1819, and then again from March 19 of 1822 to March 3 of 1823.

 

November 26
Bushrod Washington, joint author of the general index to the Virginian law authorities (1790-1819), nephew and heir of George Washington, member of the Virginia state legislature (1787), and Justice of the United States Supreme Court since 1798 dies.

 

The following “note” appears on p. 23, Vol. 1 of the “New York Revised Statutes”:
“In the edition of the ‘Laws of the U.S,’ before referred to, there is an amendment printed as Article 13, prohibiting citizens from accepting titles of nobility or honor, or presents, offices, &c. from foreign nations. But, by a message of the president of the United States of the 4th of February, 1818, in answer to a resolution of the house of representatives, it appears that this amendment had been ratified only by 12 states, and therefore had not been adopted. See vol. iv of the printed papers of the 1st session of the 15th Congress, No. 76.”

 

Benjamin Watkins Leigh, former Virginia state legislator and revisor of the 1819 Virginia Codes, serves as a delegate at the Virginia Constitutional Convention. Also beginning this year, he serves as Official Reporter of the Virginia State Court of Appeals.

 

1830

December 4
Governor Giles of Virginia dies.

 

1831

Maine, Indiana, and Ohio again publish the 13th Amendment. [ME Image 1], [ME Image 2], [IN Image 1], [IN Image 2], [OH Image 1], [OH Image 2]

 

July 4, 1831
James Monroe dies in New York, NY, rejoining both Jefferson and Adams on this significant day in history.

 

1833

Ohio and the Northwest Territories, and Michigan, Illinois, publish the 13th Amendment. [OH Image 1], [OH Image 2], [MI Image 1], [MI Image 2], [IL Image 1], [IL Image 2]

 

Justice Joseph Story of the U.S. Supreme Court publishes “Commentaries on the Constitution of the United States”, which shows only the first twelve amendments as adopted. The document is heavily relied upon by judges and attorneys everywhere.

 

1834

September 15
Former Senator, Secretary of War, Secretary of the Treasury, and presidential candidate William H. Crawford of Georgia dies.

 

1835

Ohio, Missouri and Connecticut publish the 13th Amendment. [MO Image 1], [MO Image 2], [CN Image 1], [CN Image 2],

 

Benjamin Watkins Leigh, editor and revisor of the 1819 Virginia codes, is elected Senator for Virginia.

 

1836

June 28, 1836
James Madison dies at Montpelier, Virginia.

 

Senator Benjamin Watkins Leigh of Virginia leaves office.

 

1837

March 4
Martin Van Buren becomes President. A trained attorney, he serves as Senator from New York in 1821, Secretary of State in 1827, Vice President in 1832.

 

Florida again publishes the 13th Amendment. [FL Image 1], [FL Image 2]

 

1838

Indiana again publishes the 13th amendment. [IN Image 1], [IN Image 2]

 

1839

Missisppi, Illinois, Connecticut, and the Territory of Iowa publish the 13th Amendment. [MS Image 1], [MS Image 2], [IL Image 1], [IL Image 2], [CN Image 1], [CN Image 2], [IA Image 1], [IA Image 2]

 

1840

Daniel Call, joint editor of the general index to the Virginia Law Authorities (1790-1819) dies.

 

Missouri publishes the 13th Amendment. [MO Image 1], [MO Image 2]

 

1841

March 4
William Henry Harrison becomes President. A Virginia planter, he serves in the Army from 1791 to 1798, when he becomes Secretary of the Northwest Territory, and its delegate to Congress. He later serves as Governor of the Indiana Territory from 1801 to 1811, and as a General in the War of 1812.

 

April 4
President Harrison dies after just 30 days in office. John Tyler becomes president. Tyler is an attorney from Virginia, and a strict constitutionalist. He has served in the Virginia House of Delegates 3 times – from 1811-1816, 1823-25, and from 1839-1840. He has also served in the House of Representaives from 1817 to 1821, as Governor of Virginia twice, in the U.S. Senate, and, of course, as Vice President.

 

Missouri again publishes the 13th Amendment. [MO Image 1], [MO Image 2]

 

1843

Iowa Territory publishes the 13th Amendment. [IA Image 1], [IA Image 2]

 

1845

March 3
Congress contracts an official collection of federal laws, this time with Little & Brown of Boston, called “The United States Statutes at Large”. The edition shows that only 12 amendments had been adopted. No current member of the House of Representives from Virginia was serving in that state’s government at the time of ratification of the original 13th Amendment.

 

March 4
James Polk becomes President. An attorney from North Carolina, Polk has served in the Tennessee Legislature, and in the House of Representatives. He served as Speaker of the House 1835-1839, then became Governor of Tennessee.

 

June 8
Andrew Jackson dies at the Hermitage in Nashville, Tennessee.

 

September 10
Justice Joseph Story, whose own books have been published by Little and Brown, and upon whom they have relied for reference, dies, never having altered his belief that the 13th Amendment had not been ratified.

 

Missouri publishes the 13th Amendment again. [MO Image 1], [MO Image 2]

 

Judge John Coalter, revisor of the Virginia Codes of 1819, died.

 

1848

Ohio again publishes the 13th Amendment.

 

February 23
John Quincy Adams dies in Washington, D.C.

 

1849

February 2
Former Senator Benjamin Watkins Leigh, dies. He was Editor of the 1819 Virginia Codes (Statutes at Large), Delegate to the Virginia Constitutional Convention of 1829 and 1830, and Official Reporter of the Virginia State Court of Appeals until 1841.

 

March 4
Zachary Taylor becomes President of the United States. Taylor, from Kentucky, is a career soldier, veteran of the Mexican War, and a resident of Louisiana with large holdings in Mississippi. Though a staunch anti-secessionist, his only son later becomes a Confederate General.

 

June 15
President James Polk dies.

 

Virginia revises the 1819 ‘Civil Code of Virginia’ (which had contained the 13th Amendment for 30 years). At this time one of the Code’s Revisers (a lawyer named ‘Patton’) writes to the current Secretary of the Navy, William Ballard Preston, asking if this amendment had been ratified or appeared by mistake. Preston, a Virginia native, was the son of former Virginia Governor James Patton Preston, nephew of John Floyd, also a Virginia Governor, and cousin to John Buchanan Floyd – yet another Virginia Governor. If this weren’t enough, William Ballard Preston had himself been twice a member of the Virginia House of Delegates, a member of the Virginia Senate, and a Virginia member of the House of Representatives. If he did not have an answer to the query, he was certainly in a position to find out. No record of his reply is known.

 

1850

July 9
President Taylor dies, and Millard Fillmore becomes President of the United States. An attorney from New York, he has served in various state offices, then in the House of Representatives. He became Comptroller of New York, but left the post to become Vice President of the United States in 1848.

 

1853

March 4
Franklin Pierce becomes President of the United States. An attorney from New Hampshire, he has served in that state’s legislature. He is also a Mexican War veteran who has served both as Representative and Senator for his state in the 1830’s.

 

1855

The 13th Amendment is included with the Kansas Territorial Statutes. [KS Image 1], [KS Image 2]

 

Louisiana and Nebraska Territory publish the 13th Amendment.
[LA Image 1], [LA Image 2], [NE Image 1], [NE Image 2]

 

1856

Nebraska Territory publishes the 13th Amendment again.
[NE Image 1], [NE Image 2]

 

1857

March 4
James Buchanan becomes President of the United States. Trained in law, he serves 5 times in the House as Representative from Pennylvania. He further serves as Minister to Russia, Senator from Pennsylvania for 10 years, Secretary of State under Polk, and Minister to Great Britain.

 

Nebraska Territory again publishes the 13th Amendment.
[NE Image 1], [NE Image 2]

 

1858

Nebraska Territory again publishes the 13th Amendment.
[NE Image 1], [NE Image 2]

 

1859

Nebraska Territory publishes the 13th Amendment again.
[NE Image 1], [NE Image 2]

 

1860

The Southern States are threatening to secede from the union over the long standing issue of tariffs.

November
Abraham Lincoln is elected President, James Buchanan still serving.

 

December 3
President Buchanan asks Congress for an “explanatory amendment” designed to convince the southern states not to secede. President-elect Abraham Lincoln approves. Congress approves the Joint Resolution, and it signed by the Speaker of The House William Pennington, Vice President of the United states and President of the Senate John C. Breckenridge, and later approved by President Buchanan, certified by the Clerk of the House.

 

December 20
South Carolina secedes from the union, the first to do so. The Secession Convention of South Carolina voted unanimously in favor of leaving the union at 1:07 PM on December 20th, 1860. The declarations were signed later that evening starting at 6:00 PM. (All of the subsequent secession votes took place after that time or in early 1861)

 

Nebraska Territory publishes the 13th Amendment again.
[NE Image 1], [NE Image 2]

 

1861

January 9
Mississippi secedes from the union.

 

January 10
Florida secedes from the union.

 

January 11
Alabama secedes from the union.

 

January 19
Georgia secedes from the union.

 

January 26
Louisiana secedes from the union.

 

January 29
Kansas is admitted to the Union as a Free State

 

February 1
Texas secedes from the union.

 

February 4
A Peace Convention, sponsored by the Virginia State Legislature, convenes in Washington, D.C. to try for peace. Though invited, no seceded states officially attend. The Convention is a failure.

 

February 4
Delegates from South Carolina, Mississippi, Florida, Georgia, Alabama, Louisiana, and Texas meet in Montgomery, Alabama to write the Confederate States of America Constitution.

 

February 28
The proposed “explanatory amendment” often referred to as the “Corwin amendment” is passed by the House, regarding permanent protection of slavery in those States where it then existed. It was silent on the subject of servitude in the Territories. It is also called the 13th Amendment. No protest is made that the number was already used. The seceded states, of course, take no interest.

 

March 2
The proposed “explanatory amendment” is sent to the states for ratification. The resolution is “approved” and signed by President James Buchanan.

 

March 4
Abraham Lincoln takes office as President of the United States.

 

April 12

War Between the States
begins at Fort Sumter.

 

April 17
Virginia secedes.

 

May 6
Arkansas secedes.

 

May 20
North Carolina secedes.

 

June 8
Tennessee secedes.

 

Kansas, the Nebraska Territory and the Colorado Territory publish the original 13th Amendment.
[KS Image 1], [KS Image 2], [NE Image 1], [NE Image 2], [CO Image 1], [CO Image 2]

 

1862

March 22
Illinois ratifies the new “Corwin” Amendment, referring to it as Article 13. However, Illinois’ ratification was irregular in that it was conducted by a ratifying convention rather than by the legislature.

 

November 16
William Ballard Preston, former Virginia Delegate and Senator, U.S. Representative and Secretary of the Navy dies – as a Confederate Senator.

 

The Colorado, Dakota and Nebraska Territories, and Kansas, publish the original 13th Amendment [TCO Image 1], [TCO Image 2], [TD Image 1], [TD Image 2], [TNE Image 1], [TNE Image 2], [KS Image 1], [KS Image 2]

 

Former Presidents Martin Van Buren and John Tyler both die, Tyler as a Confederate citizen holding office in the Confederate government.

 

1863

The Territory of Dakota publishes the original 13th Amendment. [TD Image 1], [TD Image 2]

 

1864

December 5
Congress passes another Resolve to Amend, this one outlawing slavery and removing states’ rights from the Constitution. This proposed amendment is signed by the Speaker of the House, Vice President of the United States and President of the Senate H. Hamlin, and also later signed as “approved” by Abraham Lincoln on February 1, 1865, then certified by J.W. Forney as Secretary. [Image]

 

The Territory of Colorado publishes the original 13th Amendment.
[TCO Image 1], [TCO Image 2], [TCO Image 3]

 

1865

January 13
The amendment of 1864 passes Congress. No protest is made regarding the errant numbering as Article XIII, and the proposal is passed in the absence of 11 former southern states.

 

February 1
The newest “13th” Anti-Slavery Amendment is sent to the states for ratification. The resolution is signed as “approved” by President Lincoln.

 

Colorado Territory publishes the original 13th Amendment.
[TCO Image 1], [TCO Image 2]

 

April 9
General Robert E. Lee surrenders at Appomattox.

 

April 14

Abraham Lincoln is assassinated

Abraham Lincoln is mortally wounded on April 14th, 1865, while William Seward turns away an attack on his person in his own home; a suspected attacker is turned away from the residence of Vice President Andrew Johnson.

 

April 15
Lincoln dies early in the day of April 15th, and Andrew Johnson becomes President of the United States.

No adequate explanation for the poor security surrounding Abraham Lincoln is ever provided to a grieving American public.

 

May 4
General Dick Taylor surrenders to General Canby all the remaining rebel forces east of the Mississippi and all hostilities of the war cease, except for outlaw bands.

 

December 6
Congress reconvenes. 10 of 11 former Confederate states have governments functioning under federal direction. None of the 11 states were represented in Congress when the new Amendment was proposed in February. However, 8 of those states ratify the “new” 13th Amendment as part of the preconditions for recognition as states of the United States again. This provides the necessary three-fourths of the states, and the “new” 13th Amendment is ratified, replacing and effectively erasing the original 13th Amendment which outlaws titles of nobility, honors, and emoluments from foreign powers.

 

December 18
Secretary of State William Seward announces ratification of the “new” 13th Amendment, which loudly prohibits slavery (and quietly surrenders States’ Rights to the federal government).

 

1866

April 2
A Proclamation is issued by President Andrew Johnson that all of the States formerly considered to be in rebellion have returned to a condition of normalcy, including their ratification of an “amendment abolishing slavery.” In that official proclamation he does not refer to it by any number.

 

The Territory of Colorado again publishes the original 13th Amendment, with the anti-slavery amendment shown as the 14th Amendment. [TCO Image 1, [TCO Image 2]

 

1867

March 1
Nebraska gains statehood and is admitted to the union

 

The Territory of Colorado again publishes the original 13th Amendment in two editions, one edition translating the laws of Colorado into Spanish
[TCO Image 1, [TCO Image 2], [TCO Spanish Image 1, [TCO Spanish Image 2]

 

The Dakota Territory again publishes the original 13th Amendment, showing the anti-slavery amendment as the 14th.
[TDA Image 1, [TDA Image 2]

 

1868

The State of Kansas and the Territory of Colorado again publish the original 13th Amendment. In both the Kansas and the Colorado Territory publications the original 13th Amendment, despite the fact that another amendment called the 13th had been ratified, includes both the original 13th Amendment in its proper place and the newer “Anti-Slavery” Amendment on the same page as the 14th Amendment. [Kansas 1868 Title Page, 13 & 14] [Colorado 1868 Title Page, 13, 14]

 

James Buchanan dies.

 

1869

Franklin Pierce dies.

 

1870

The Wyoming Territory again publishes the original 13th Amendment, showing the anti-slavery amendment as the 14th.
[TWY Image 1, [TWY Image 2]

 

1873

September 1
Nebraska, having gained Statehood in 1867, again publishes the original 13th Amendment with the issuance of the General Statutes of the State of Nebraska, compiled from the 1866 revised statutes of the Territory, the various session laws since enacted, including the acts passed at the ninth and tenth sessions of the legislature in 1873. The Anti-Slavery amendment is shown as Article XIV. [NE Image 1, [NE Image 2]

 

1876

Wyoming Territory publishes the original 13th Amendment, the last known publication which contains it. The “new” anti-slavery amendment is shown as the 14th, the current 14th is not shown, but the current 15th is in its proper order.
[TWY Image 1, [TWY Image 2]

 

1896

In the Government Publication, “Annual Report of the American Historical Association for the year 1896 — in Two Volumes, Vol. II.”, is an essay titled “The Proposed Amendments To The Constitution Of The United States Of America During The First Century Of Its History”, by Herman V. Ames, Ph.D., University of Pennsylvania, [entered into the record of the House of Representatives for the 54th Congress, 2d Session., HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES., Doc. No. 353, Part 2]. One of the amendments discussed by Ames was Article XIII. On page 329, Ames reports on the status of the ratification (1818) by twelve states, rejection by four, and that there is no record from Virginia. Ames, like Monroe, Adams and all the other political people of the time, concludes that only the original participants in the debates (17 States) were accountable to determine if there was a proper ratification or not. No mention is made of Louisiana, Indiana, Mississippi, or any other state that joined the Union after 1810.

 

1913

William Torrence of the State Library staff in Virginia removes the original vouchers of the public printers from the auditor’s storage rooms.

 

1917

For the first time, a time limit is imposed for ratification of a constitutional amendment. Section 3 of the 18th Amendment states that: “This Article shall be inoperative unless it shall have been ratified … within seven years from the date of submission, to the States by Congress.” The time limit affects only this particular amendment, but the habit of time limits is adopted for future amendments.

 

Published by Dr. Earl G. Swem, Librarian, College of William and Mary, “A Bibliography of Virginia” is issued in two parts, under the heading “Bulletin Virginia State Library”. Part II reads: “Containing the Titles of the Printed Official Documents of the Commonwealth, 1776-1916.” The compilation is executed by William Torrence of the State Library Staff, but Dr. Swem adds considerable cachet to the publication with this statement, quoted as is, from the Introduction: “It would have been impossible to clear up the uncertainty about many items printed from 1776 to 1820, if the original vouchers of the public printers had not been found. These vouchers were among the manuscripts which the compiler of this volume removed from the auditor’s storage rooms in 1913.”

 

1920

In a habeas corpus petition concerning a man convicted under the National Prohibition Act. In Ex parte Dillon, 262 F. 563 (N.D. Cal. 1920), the court holds that the amendment became effective upon ratification, and not on the date of the Secretary’s proclamation.

 

In United States ex rel Widenmann v. Colby, 265 F. 998 (1920), aff., 257 U.S. 619, 42 S.Ct. 169 (1921), In a case concerning the proclamation made by the U. S. Secretary of State that an amendment (the 18th) had been ratified, the court holds that the Secretary of State was merely performing a ministerial act in making such proclamation and that an amendment becomes a part of the U. S. Constitution when ratified by the requisite number of states, and not when the Secretary’s proclamation is made.

 

1921

In Dillon v. Gloss, 256 U.S. 368, 41 S. Ct. 510 (1921) the court again holds that amendments are effective upon the date of ratification, not the date of announcement of ratification.

 

1975

In Dyer v. Blair, 390 F. Supp. 1291 (N.D. Ill. 1975), concerning whether the Illinois legislature had adopted the Equal Rights Amendment. The conflict revolved around an Illinois constitutional provision which required a three-fifths vote of both houses to ratify a federal amendment. Rules in both houses required the same vote. The court held that legislative houses could set their own rules for adoption of an amendment. Since both houses had adopted the amendment resolution only by a majority, the court held that the Illinois legislature had not ratified the E.R.A. (i.e., the ratification only had to be consistent with the legislature’s own rules on the subject)

 

1983

David Dodge and Tom Dunn discover an 1825 Maine edition the U.S. Constitution containing the original 13th Amendment which no longer appears in the Constitution. [ME Image 1], [ME Image 2]

 

1999

December 23
TONA Committee of Correspondence Researcher Suzanne Nevling discovers compelling evidence of Virginia’s ratification of the 13th Amendment at the University of California at Davis and subsequently discovers the State Department Copy in the Library of Congress of the Revised Code of the Laws of Virginia which was sent to the State Department as notification of the Ratification of the 13th Titles of Nobility and Honor Article of Amendment to the Constitution For The United States.

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State Language on Jury Nullification

02/22/2017

Olddogs Comments!

Americans have only one choice at this point in history, and that is to lay down all other activities and concentrate on the real history of America. Then, stand up and demand their freedom be reinstated by the peoples choice of honest governance. Surely not even the most ignorant person would want to be under the control of a group of Bankers who care about nothing but their profits and ability to force their desires on an entire Nation.

This is assuming there is a majority left who can still think!


Fully Informed Jury Association

Post Office Box 5570   Helena, MT 59604-5570   1-800-TEL-JURY

www.fija.org

 REPRINT

 Citizens Must Claim Rights: Founders Gave Juries the Right to Determine Law

Spotlight March 20, 2000

Some say jury nullification is the most practical way to stop the juggernaut police state.

By Tom Stahl

The “Washington Post published a front page story entitled, “In Jury Rooms, a Form of Civil Protest Grows,” last year. According to the Post article, jurors are not always following judges’ instructions to the letter.

The article recounted that sometimes in jury trials, when those facts which the judge chooses to allow into evidence indicate that the defendant broke the law, jurors look at the facts quite differently from the way the judge instructed them to. The jurors do not say, “On the basis of these facts the defendant is guilty.’’

Instead, the jurors say, “On the basis of these facts the law is wrong,” and they vote to acquit. Or, they may vote to acquit because they believe that the law is being unjustly applied, or because some government conduct in the case has been so egregious that they cannot reward it with a conviction.

In short, a passion for justice invades the jury room. The jurors begin judging the law and the government, as well as the facts, and they render their verdict according to conscience. This is called jury nullification.

Dr. Jack Kevorkian, recently convicted, was acquitted several times in the past, despite his admission of the government’s facts, of assisting the suicide of terminally ill patients who wanted to die. Those

acquittals were probably due to jury nullification. And Kevorkian might have been acquitted again if the trial judge had allowed him to present his evidence, testimony of the deceased’s relatives, to the jury. A corollary of jury nullification is greater latitude for the jury to hear all of the evidence.

The Post took a dim view of this and suggested that jury nullification is an aberration, a kind of unintended and unwanted side-effect of our constitutional system of letting juries decide cases.  But  the Post couldn’t be more wrong. Far from being an unintended side-effect, jury nullification is explicitly authorized in the constitutions of 24 states.

ALL CRIMINAL CASES

The constitutions of Maryland, Indiana, Oregon, and Georgia currently have provisions guaranteeing the right of jurors to “judge” or “determine” the law in “all criminal cases.”

Article 23 of Maryland’s Constitution states:

In the trial of all criminal cases, the Jury shall be the Judges of Law, as well as of fact, except that the Court may pass upon the sufficiency of the evidence to sustain a conviction. The right of trial by Jury of all issues of fact in civil proceedings in the several Courts of Law in this State, where the amount in controversy exceeds the sum of five thousand dollars, shall be inviolably preserved.

Art. 1, Sec. 19, of Indiana’s Constitution says:

In all criminal cases whatever, the jury shall have the right to determine the law and the facts. Oregon’s Constitution, Art. 1, Sec. 16, states:

Excessive bail shall not be required, nor excessive fines imposed. Cruel and unusual punishments shall not be inflicted, but all penalties shall be proportioned to the offense. In all criminal cases whatever, the jury shall have the right to determine the law, and the facts under the direction of the Court as to the law, and the right of new trial, as in civil cases.

Art. 1, Sec. 1 of Georgia’s Constitution says:

The right to trial by jury shall remain inviolate, except that the court shall render judgment without the verdict of a jury in all civil cases where no issuable defense is filed and where a jury is not demanded

in writing by either party. In criminal cases, the defendant shall have a public and speedy trial by an impartial jury; and the jury shall be judges of the law and the facts.

These constitutional jury nullification provisions endure despite decades of hostile  judicial interpretation.

LIBEL CASES

Twenty other states currently include jury nullification provisions in their constitutions under their sections on freedom of speech, specifically with respect to libel cases. These provisions, listed below, typically state:

…. in all indictments for libel, the jury shall have the right to determine the law and the facts under the direction of the court.

But New Jersey, New York, South Carolina, Utah and Wisconsin omit the phrase “under the direction of the court.” South Carolina states:

In all indictments or prosecutions for libel, the truth of the alleged libel may be given in evidence, and the jury shall be the judges of the law and facts.

Alabama (Article I, Sec. 12); Colorado (Article II, Sec. 10); Connecticut (Article First, Sec. 6); Delaware (Article I, Sec. 5); Kentucky (Bill of Rights, Sec. 9); Maine (Article I, Sec, 4); Mississippi (Article 3, Sec. 13); Missouri (Article I, Sec. 8); Montana (Article II, Sec. 7); New Jersey (Article I, Sec. 6); New York (Article I, Sec. 8); North Dakota (Article I, Sec. 4); Pennsylvania (Article I, Sec. 7); South Carolina (Article I, Sec. 16); South Dakota (Article VI, Sec. 5); Tennessee (Article I, Sec. 19); Texas (Article 1, Sec. 8); Utah (Article I, Sec. 15); Wisconsin (Article I, Sec. 3); Wyoming (Article 1, Sec. 20).

Delaware, Kentucky, North Dakota, Pennsylvania and Texas add the phrase“as in other cases.” Tennessee

adds the phrase “as in other criminal cases.”

These phrases suggest that the jury has a right to determine the law in more than just libel cases. The Tennessee Constitution, Art. I, Sec. 19, says:

. . . and in all indictments for libel, the jury shall have a right to determine the law and the facts, under the direction of the court, as in other criminal cases.

The phrase“under the direction of the court,’’ omitted by five states, provides for the trial judge to give directions, like road directions which the jury may or may not choose to follow, to assist the jury in its deliberations.

Our forefathers did not intend by this phrase for the trial judge to infringe in any way upon the sole discretion of the jury in rendering its verdict. Although later courts have held otherwise, the Tennessee Supreme Court in Nelson v. State, 2 Swan 482 (1852), described the proper roles of the judge and jury as follows: The judge is a witness who testifies as to what the law is, and the jury is free to accept or reject his testimony like any other.

The Maine Constitution affirms these roles in its section on libel:

… and in all indictments for libels, the jury, after having received the direction of the court, shall have a right to determine, at their discretion, the law and the fact.

In addition, 40 state constitutions, like the Washington state Constitution in Article I, Section 1, declare that “All political power is inherent in the people,” or words to similar effect.

And 34 state constitutions expound on the principle of all political power being inherent in the people  by saying that “the people … have at all times … a right to alter, reform, or abolish their government in such manner as they may think proper,” or words to similar effect.

 For example, the Pennsylvania Constitution declares that:

All power is inherent in the people, and all free governments are founded on their authority and instituted for their peace, safety and happiness. For the advancement of these ends they have at all times an inalienable and indefeasible right to alter, reform or abolish their government in such manner as they may think proper.

If the people have all power, and have at all times a right to alter, reform or abolish their government in such manner as they may think proper, then they certainly have the right of jury nullification, which is tantamount to altering or reforming their government when they come together on juries to decide cases.

A single nullification verdict against a particular law may or may not alter or reform the government, but thousands of such verdicts certainly do. Witness the decisive role of jury nullification in establishing freedom of speech and press in the American Colonies, defeating the Fugitive Slave Act and ending alcohol prohibition.

Of special note is the right of revolution in the New Hampshire Constitution:

Government being instituted for the common benefit, protection, and security, of the whole community, and not for the private interest or emolument of any one man, family, or class of men; therefore, whenever the ends of government are perverted, and public liberty manifestly endangered, and all other means of redress are ineffectual, the people may, and of right ought to reform the old, or establish a new government. The doctrine of nonresistance against arbitrary power, and oppression, is absurd, slavish, and destructive of the good and happiness of mankind.

If the people have the ultimate right of revolution to protect their liberties, then they certainly also have the lesser included and more gentle right of jury nullification to protect their liberties.

It should also be noted that New Hampshire declares an unalienable “Right of Conscience”:

Among the natural rights, some are, in their very nature unalienable, because no equivalent can be given or received for them. Of this kind are the Rights of Conscience.

If the right of conscience is unalienable, then it can not be taken away from people when they enter the courthouse door to serve on juries. The people have an inherent and unalienable right to vote their conscience when rendering jury verdicts.

There is no doubt that jury nullification was one of the rights and powers that the people were exercising in 1791 when the Bill of Rights of the United States Constitution was adopted. As legal historian Lawrence Friedman has written:

In American legal theory, jury-power was enormous, and subject to few controls. There was a maxim of law that the jury was judge both of law and of fact in criminal cases. This idea was particularly strong in the first Revolutionary generation when memories of royal injustice were fresh in the people’s minds.

Jury nullification is therefore one of the“ rights . . . retained by the people” in the Ninth Amendment.

And it is one of the “powers . . .  reserved . . .  to the people” in the Tenth   Amendment.

 Jury nullification is decentralization of political power. It is the people’s most important veto in our constitutional system. The jury vote is the only time the people ever vote on the application of a real law in real life. All other votes are for hypothetical’s.

Tom Stahl is a former FIJA Board member and practicing attorney from Waterville, Washington

 

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The Illusion of Freedom The Police State Is Alive and Well

02/21/2017

https://www.rutherford.org/publications_resources/john_whiteheads_commentary/the_illusion_of_freedom_the_police_state_is_alive_and_well?utm_source=The+Rutherford+Institute&utm_campaign=c6364309e0-EMAIL_CAMPAIGN_2017_02_21&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_d7ffde3304-c6364309e0-42120901

10-25-2016-10-17-10-amBy John W. Whitehead
February 21, 2017

“What happened here was the gradual habituation of the people, little by little, to being governed by surprise; to receiving decisions deliberated in secret; to believing that the situation was so complicated that the government had to act on information which the people could not understand, or so dangerous that, even if the people could understand it, it could not be released because of national security… This separation of government from people, this widening of the gap, took place so gradually and so insensibly, each step disguised (perhaps not even intentionally) as a temporary emergency measure or associated with true patriotic allegiance or with real social purposes. And all the crises and reforms (real reforms, too) so occupied the people that they did not see the slow motion underneath, of the whole process of government growing remoter and remoter.”—Historian Milton Mayer, They Thought They Were Free: The Germans, 1933-45

Brace yourself.

There is something being concocted in the dens of power, far beyond the public eye, and it doesn’t bode well for the future of this country.

Anytime you have an entire nation so mesmerized by the antics of the political ruling class that they are oblivious to all else, you’d better beware. Anytime you have a government that operates in the shadows, speaks in a language of force, and rules by fiat, you’d better beware. And anytime you have a government so far removed from its people as to ensure that they are never seen, heard or heeded by those elected to represent them, you’d better beware.

The world has been down this road before.

As historian Milton Mayer recounts in his seminal book on Hitler’s rise to power, They Thought They Were Free, “Most of us did not want to think about fundamental things and never had. There was no need to. Nazism gave us some dreadful, fundamental things to think about—we were decent people‑—and kept us so busy with continuous changes and ‘crises’ and so fascinated, yes, fascinated, by the machinations of the ‘national enemies’, without and within, that we had no time to think about these dreadful things that were growing, little by little, all around us.”

We are at our most vulnerable right now.

The gravest threat facing us as a nation is not extremism—delivered by way of sovereign citizens or radicalized Muslims—but despotism, exercised by a ruling class whose only allegiance is to power and money.

Nero fiddled while Rome burned.

America is burning, and all most Americans can do is switch the channel, tune out what they don’t want to hear, and tune into their own personal echo chambers.

We’re in a national state of denial.

Yet no amount of escapism can shield us from the harsh reality that the danger in our midst is posed by an entrenched government bureaucracy that has no regard for the Constitution, Congress, the courts or the citizenry.

If the team colors have changed from blue to red, that’s just cosmetic.

The playbook remains the same. The leopard has not changed its spots.

Scrape off the surface layers and you will find that the American police state is alive and well and continuing to wreak havoc on the rights of the American people.

“We the people” are no longer living the American Dream.

We’re living the American Lie.

Indeed, Americans have been lied to so sincerely, so incessantly, and for so long by politicians of all stripes—who lie compulsively and without any seeming remorse—that they’ve almost come to prefer the lies trotted out by those in government over less-palatable truths.

The American people have become compulsive believers.

As Nick Cohen writes for The Guardian, “Compulsive liars shouldn’t frighten you. They can harm no one, if no one listens to them. Compulsive believers, on the other hand: they should terrify you. Believers are the liars’ enablers. Their votes give the demagogue his power. Their trust turns the charlatan into the president. Their credulity ensures that the propaganda of half-calculating and half-mad fanatics has the power to change the world.”

While telling the truth “in a time of universal deceit is,” as George Orwell concluded, “a revolutionary act,” believing the truth—and being able to distinguish the truth from a lie—is also a revolutionary act.

Here’s a truth few Americans want to acknowledge: nothing has changed (at least, not for the better) since Barack Obama passed the reins of the police state to Donald Trump.

The police state is still winning. We the people are still losing.

In fact, the American police state has continued to advance at the same costly, intrusive, privacy-sapping, Constitution-defying, relentless pace under President Trump as it did under President Obama.

Police haven’t stopped disregarding the rights of citizens. Having been given the green light to probe, poke, pinch, taser, search, seize, strip, shoot and generally manhandle anyone they see fit in almost any circumstance, all with the general blessing of the courts, America’s law enforcement officials are no longer mere servants of the people entrusted with keeping the peace. Indeed, they continue to keep the masses corralled, under control, and treated like suspects and enemies rather than citizens.

SWAT teams haven’t stopped crashing through doors and terrorizing families. Nationwide, SWAT teams continue to be employed to address an astonishingly trivial array of criminal activities or mere community nuisances including angry dogs, domestic disputes, improper paperwork filed by an orchid farmer, and misdemeanor marijuana possession. With more than 80,000 SWAT team raids carried out every year on unsuspecting Americans for relatively routine police matters and federal agencies laying claim to their own law enforcement divisions, the incidence of botched raids and related casualties continue to rise.

The Pentagon and the Department of Homeland Security haven’t stopped militarizing and federalizing local police. Police forces continue to be transformed into heavily armed extensions of the military, complete with jackboots, helmets, shields, batons, pepper-spray, stun guns, assault rifles, body armor, miniature tanks and weaponized drones. In training police to look and act like the military and use the weapons and tactics of war against American citizens, the government continues to turn the United States into a battlefield.

Schools haven’t stopped treating young people like hard-core prisoners. School districts continue to team up with law enforcement to create a “schoolhouse to jailhouse track” by imposing a “double dose” of punishment for childish infractions: suspension or expulsion from school, accompanied by an arrest by the police and a trip to juvenile court. In this way, the paradigm of abject compliance to the state continues to be taught by example in the schools, through school lockdowns where police and drug-sniffing dogs enter the classroom, and zero tolerance policies that punish all offenses equally and result in young people being expelled for childish behavior.

For-profit private prisons haven’t stopped locking up Americans and immigrants alike at taxpayer expense. States continue to outsource prison management to private corporations out to make a profit at taxpayer expense. And how do you make a profit in the prison industry? Have the legislatures pass laws that impose harsh penalties for the slightest noncompliance in order keep the prison cells full and corporate investors happy.

Censorship hasn’t stopped. First Amendment activities continue to be pummeled, punched, kicked, choked, chained and generally gagged all across the country. The reasons for such censorship vary widely from political correctness, safety concerns and bullying to national security and hate crimes but the end result remained the same: the complete eradication of what Benjamin Franklin referred to as the “principal pillar of a free government.”

The courts haven’t stopped marching in lockstep with the police state. The courts continue to be dominated by technicians and statists who are deferential to authority, whether government or business. Indeed, the Supreme Court’s decisions in recent years have most often been characterized by an abject deference to government authority, military and corporate interests. They have run the gamut from suppressing free speech activities and justifying suspicionless strip searches to warrantless home invasions and conferring constitutional rights on corporations, while denying them to citizens.

Government bureaucrats haven’t stopped turning American citizens into criminals. The average American now unknowingly commits three felonies a day, thanks to an overabundance of vague laws that render otherwise innocent activity illegal, while reinforcing the power of the police state and its corporate allies.

The surveillance state hasn’t stopped spying on Americans’ communications, transactions or movements. On any given day, whether you’re walking through a store, driving your car, checking email, or talking to friends and family on the phone, you can be sure that some government agency, whether it’s your local police, a fusion center, the National Security Agency or one of the government’s many corporate partners, is still monitoring and tracking you.

The TSA hasn’t stopped groping or ogling travelers. Under the pretext of protecting the nation’s infrastructure (roads, mass transit systems, water and power supplies, telecommunications systems and so on) against criminal or terrorist attacks, TSA task forces (comprised of federal air marshals, surface transportation security inspectors, transportation security officers, behavior detection officers and explosive detection canine teams) continue to do random security sweeps of nexuses of transportation, including ports, railway and bus stations, airports, ferries and subways, as well as political conventions, baseball games and music concerts. Sweep tactics include the use of x-ray technology, pat-downs and drug-sniffing dogs, among other things.

Congress hasn’t stopped enacting draconian laws such as the USA Patriot Act and the NDAA. These laws—which completely circumvent the rule of law and the constitutional rights of American citizens, continue to re-orient our legal landscape in such a way as to ensure that martial law, rather than the rule of law, our U.S. Constitution, becomes the map by which we navigate life in the United States.

The Department of Homeland Security hasn’t stopped being a “wasteful, growing, fear-mongering beast.” Is the DHS capable of plotting and planning to turn the national guard into a federalized, immigration police force? No doubt about it. Remember, this is the agency that is notorious for militarizing the police and SWAT teams; spying on activists, dissidents and veterans; stockpiling ammunition; distributing license plate readers; contracting to build detention camps; tracking cell-phones with Stingray devices; carrying out military drills and lockdowns in American cities; using the TSA as an advance guard; conducting virtual strip searches with full-body scanners; carrying out soft target checkpoints; directing government workers to spy on Americans; conducting widespread spying networks using fusion centers; carrying out Constitution-free border control searches; funding city-wide surveillance cameras; and utilizing drones and other spybots.

The military industrial complex hasn’t stopped profiting from endless wars abroad. America’s expanding military empire continues to bleed the country dry at a rate of more than $15 billion a month (or $20 million an hour). The Pentagon spends more on war than all 50 states combined spend on health, education, welfare, and safety. Yet what most Americans fail to recognize is that these ongoing wars have little to do with keeping the country safe and everything to do with enriching the military industrial complex at taxpayer expense.

The Deep State’s shadow government hasn’t stopped calling the shots behind the scenes. Comprised of unelected government bureaucrats, corporations, contractors, paper-pushers, and button-pushers who are actually calling the shots behind the scenes, this government within a government continues to be the real reason “we the people” have no real control over our so-called representatives. It’s every facet of a government that is no longer friendly to freedom and is working overtime to trample the Constitution underfoot and render the citizenry powerless in the face of the government’s power grabs, corruption and abusive tactics.

And the American people haven’t stopped acting like gullible sheep. In fact, many Americans have been so carried away by their blind rank-and-file partisan devotion to their respective political gods that they have lost sight of the one thing that has remained constant in recent years: our freedoms are steadily declining.

Here’s the problem as I see it: “we the people” have become so trusting, so gullible, so easily distracted, so out-of-touch and so sure that our government will always do the right thing by us that we have ignored the warning signs all around us.

In so doing, we have failed to recognize such warning signs as potential red flags to use as opportunities to ask questions, demand answers, and hold our government officials accountable to respecting our rights and abiding by the rule of law.

Unfortunately, once a free people allows the government to make inroads into their freedoms, or uses those same freedoms as bargaining chips for security, it quickly becomes a slippery slope to outright tyranny. And it doesn’t really matter whether it’s a Democrat or a Republican at the helm, because the bureaucratic mindset on both sides of the aisle now seems to embody the same philosophy of authoritarian government.

As I make clear in my book Battlefield America: The War on the American People, this is what happens when you ignore the warning signs.

This is what happens when you fail to take alarm at the first experiment on your liberties.

This is what happens when you fail to challenge injustice and government overreach until the prison doors clang shut behind you.

In the American police state that now surrounds us, there are no longer such things as innocence, due process, or justice—at least, not in the way we once knew them. We are all potentially guilty, all potential criminals, all suspects waiting to be accused of a crime.

So you can try to persuade yourself that you are free, that you still live in a country that values freedom, and that it is not too late to make America great again, but to anyone who has been paying attention to America’s decline over the past 50 years, it will be just another lie.

The German people chose to ignore the truth and believe the lie.

They were not oblivious to the horrors taking place around them. As historian Robert Gellately points out, “[A]nyone in Nazi Germany who wanted to find out about the Gestapo, the concentration camps, and the campaigns of discrimination and persecutions need only read the newspapers.”

The warning signs were definitely there, blinking incessantly like large neon signs.

“Still,” Gellately writes, “the vast majority voted in favor of Nazism, and in spite of what they could read in the press and hear by word of mouth about the secret police, the concentration camps, official anti-Semitism, and so on. . . . [T]here is no getting away from the fact that at that moment, ‘the vast majority of the German people backed him.’”

Half a century later, the wife of a prominent German historian, neither of whom were members of the Nazi party, opined: “[O]n the whole, everyone felt well. . . . And there were certainly eighty percent who lived productively and positively throughout the time. . . . We also had good years. We had wonderful years.”

In other words, as long as their creature comforts remained undiminished, as long as their bank accounts remained flush, as long as they weren’t being discriminated against, persecuted, starved, beaten, shot, stripped, jailed and turned into slave labor, life was good.

This is how tyranny rises and freedom falls.

As Primo Levi, a Holocaust survivor observed, “Monsters exist, but they are too few in number to be truly dangerous. More dangerous are the common men, the functionaries ready to believe and to act without asking questions.”

Freedom demands responsibility.

Freedom demands that people stop sleep-walking through life, stop cocooning themselves in political fantasies, and stop distracting themselves with escapist entertainment.

Freedom demands that we stop thinking as Democrats and Republicans and start thinking like human beings, or at the very least, Americans.

Freedom demands that we not remain silent in the face of evil or wrongdoing but actively stand against injustice.

Freedom demands that we treat others as we would have them treat us. That is the law of reciprocity, also referred to as the Golden Rule, and it is found in nearly every world religion, including Judaism and Christianity.

In other words, if you don’t want to be locked up in a prison cell or a detention camp—if you don’t want to be discriminated against because of the color of your race, religion, politics or anything else that sets you apart from the rest—if you don’t want your loved ones shot at, strip searched, tasered, beaten and treated like slaves—if you don’t want to have to be constantly on guard against government eyes watching what you do, where you go and what you say—if you don’t want to be tortured, waterboarded or forced to perform degrading acts—if you don’t want your children to grow up in a world without freedom—then don’t allow these evils to be inflicted on anyone else, no matter how tempting the reason or how fervently you believe in your cause.

As German theologian and anti-Nazi dissident Dietrich Bonhoeffer observed, “We are not to simply bandage the wounds of victims beneath the wheels of injustice, we are to drive a spoke into the wheel itself.”

Olddogs Comments!

C’mon John, the people already know about this crap, but what they don’t know is how it really happened. Sooner or later if you really want to help the people, you will bone up on: You Know Something is Wrong When….. An American Affidavit of Probable Cause by Anna Maria Riezinger and Paul Alan Snover

https://www.amazon.com/You-Know-Something-Wrong-When/dp/1491279184/ref=sr_1_1?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1486047612&sr=1-1&keywords=YOU+KNOW+SOMETHING+IS+WRONG+WHEN

 Surely you do not think that our scumbags in office would take any risks, so they must somehow be protected!!!! RIGHT?

Take this to the bank folks, we are owned and governed by the International Investment Banking Cartel, and the scumbags in office are just stupid enough to not believe the Banker will turn on them when they have served their purpose.

 The preservation of earth’s natural assets for their children is the name of the game. In this game, we are the pawns. And when the pawns wake up, the shit will hit the fan.

 

ABOUT JOHN W. WHITEHEAD

Constitutional attorney and author John W. Whitehead is founder and president of The Rutherford Institute. His new book Battlefield America: The War on the American People (SelectBooks, 2015) is available online at http://www.amazon.com. Whitehead can be contacted at johnw@rutherford.org.

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John W. Whitehead’s weekly commentaries are available for publication to newspapers and web publications at no charge. Please contact staff@rutherford.org to obtain reprint permission.

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